English language

World Englishes

"A language is a dialect with an army."

                                                           - Philogynoir

Elizabeth I (House of Tudor)

Sir Walter Raleigh

Named the first colony after Elizabeth. Virginia

Colonialism

The British Empire

1497-1980s

Edward Said

Orientalism by Said - two ways of colonizing a country:


By Power and Control, military might and rule.


Or

By making the indigenous people feel ashamed of their customs and Culture, by making them self-conscious of their clothes and the language they speak. This is the concept of "The other".

Making them want to adopt the way of Life that the colonizers have, speak they way they do, dress and act as they do.

 

Eddie Izzard - Do you have a flag?

Commonwealth countries

After WWII

 An intergovernmental organisation of 52 member states  that are mostly former territories of the British Empire

Lingua Franca

Also known as bridge, trade or common languages

English is among the lingua francas of our day. 80% of the English speakers of the World do not speak English as their first language.

The opposite is vernacular (inländskt) language.

English is the Vernacular language of Great Britain but the lingua franca in for instance

the Philippines and India.

"The United States and Great Britain are two countries separated by a common language." - Bernard Shaw

Puritans landing on Plymouth rock

Did the puritans go to America

to escape religious persecution

"freedom of religion"

or in order to be able to persecute others?

10,7% are Spanish speaking in the US.

What differences can we see between American English and British English?

Spelling

Pronunciation

Vocabulary

 

Grammatical differences

 

Colour

AE

BE

Color

Herbs

Herbs

Truck

Lorry

Aluminum

Aluminium

AAVE

also called: ebonics, Jive

A clear relationships between the Southern accents exist but the origins aren't known. There is a theory that AAVE arouse from one of more creole languages.

 

A creole language is a stable natural language developed by a mixture of languages, for instance: French and English

 

They start out as pidgin which is a more simplified mix of languages and can then develop to a creole language.

Ax or Ask?

Colloquialism

Vardagsspråk

Dialects

Sociolects

Chronolect

Canadian English

Pronunciation

Australian English

Slang
 

Sanga

Pash

Snag

Sheila

Dunny

Horn

True blue

Fair dinkum

Woop Woop

Slang and abbreviations

Between 1788 and 1868, about 162,000 convicts were transported by the British government to various  penal colonies in Australia.

Kiwi English (NZ)

Pin, Pan, Pen.

Vowel shift

Indian English

Though English is one of the two official languages of the Union Government of India, only a few hundred thousand Indians, or less than 0.1% of the total population, have English as their first language.

According to the 2001 Census, 12.6% of Indians know English.

 An analysis of the 2001 Census of India concluded that approximately 86 million Indians reported English as their second language, and another 39 million reported it as their third language.   - Wikipedia

Languages are living organisms

The Future of English?

Panglish?

"Singlish" or "Chinglish"

Lay leo


Orling tsu


Gaument


deck

By besskirsi

deck

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