Searching for Primary Sources Online
- Use unique, specific terms
- Use the minus operator (-) to narrow the search
- Use quotation marks for exact phrases
- Don't use common words and punctuation
Customize your search
The plus operator (+): Eliminate stop words by using (+) instead of "and"
The tilde operator (~): Return results that use synonyms
The wildcard operator (*): fill in the blank operator
The OR operator (OR) or (|): returns results with either of two terms
- Utilize faceting
A library guide (or subject guide) is a list of resources created (usually) by librarians to assist students with their research needs. Can include books, journals, databases, websites, etc.
Digital compilation of one or more collections of digital resources/objects which may or may not include some contextualization or explanation
Sequoyah Research Center
Digital Art Collections
Historical Map Archives
Curated collections of primary sources (documents, images, maps, sounds, etc.) combined with contextual analysis.
Citing Electronic Sources
Your citations should include as much of the following information as possible:
Author and/or editor names (if available)
Title of the Website, project, or book in italics.
Any version numbers available, including revisions, posting dates, volumes, or issue numbers.
Date you accessed the material.
A Sample Citation
- Choose a topic (i.e. American Indian Movement (AIM))
- Find a photo
- Native American Studies Research Guide http://libguides.lib.msu.edu/c.php?g=95603&p=624342
- Any resource mention previously
- Any other source on the web
- Answer as many of the following questions as possible:
- Is the source trustworthy? Who is responsible for the website?
- Is the image authentic? Who is the creator of the image? When was the photo taken? Where was the photo taken?
- What information do you need to analyze the photo? Is it all there? Is enough there?