Health Economics Research Workshop


9/26/19

Sarah Elichko / selichk1@swarthmore.edu
Social Sciences & Data Librarian

Research a controversy in health economics

Finding research  (articles, books)

Finding data  (empirical evidence)

Reading, evaluating, writing

Potential pitfalls

Cherry picking

Directionless Tab Overload

Low quality and reliability

1. Focus on actively filtering, rather than passively searching

3. Organize your findings as you go

Successful Research Practices

2. Start with quality data sources

1. Focus on actively filtering, rather than
   passively searching

• Choose research tools that offer you more control

• Search clearly

Choose research tools that offer you more control

Google + Google Scholar --> wide net, but few filters

Tripod + EconLit --> Results focused on scholarly research,
                                      Filter + sort results by multiple criteria

Choose research tools that offer you more control

1. Go to Google Scholar and search for:  long-term care

How many search results come up?
Which academic disciplines do you see represented?
What options do you have to narrow down your results?

How are your results sorted? (Can you change the order?)

2. Open a new tab. Go to EconLit and repeat the search.

(keep EconLit open)

How to Filter Results in EconLit

Geography:  Focus on research about a specific country

      Filter by Subject > Select country name

Publication Date

Publication Title  (the journal an article was published in)

How to Filter by Geography

>> Start with: EconLit search for long-term care <<

Scroll down to Subject. Select More.
Find u.s. in the list. Check the box to Include. Click Apply.

Focus on actively filtering, rather than
passively searching

• Choose research tools that offer you more control 

• Search clearly

Organize your findings as you go

Start with quality data sources

How to find articles about complex topics

Two approaches:

- Topic Groups  (expands results)

- Subject Searching (helps focus results)

Search Clearly

How to find articles about complex topics

("long-term care" OR "nursing home" OR "assisted living")

(medicaid OR "private insurance")

AND

--> What this means: To appear in your search results, an article needs to include at least one term from each group.

1. Topic Groups

"long-term care"  --> 1,154 results

"long-term care" OR "nursing home" --> 1,481 results

"long-term care" OR "nursing home" OR "assisted living" --> 1,571 results

Subject Searching:  Emphasizes an aspect of your topic

>> Search in EconLit <<

1. Search for  "long-term care" OR "nursing home"


 

 

How to find articles about complex topics

2. Subject Searching

2. Go to Modify Search --> Advanced

3. Leave first box as-is.  In the 2nd box, enter:  H5*  
    --- Change drop-down menu to: All Subjects & Indexing

This finds articles about long-term care that focus on national government expenditures.

All JEL codes starting with D are within the category Microeconomics.
 

G --> Financial Economics (e.g. G21)

H --> Public Economics (e.g. H24)

I  -->  Health, Education, Welfare

J  -->  Labor & Demographic Econ.

L  -->  Industrial Organization (e.g. L84)

Halaskova, R., Bednar, P., & Halaskova, M. (2017). Forms of providing and financing long-term care in OECD countries. Review of Economic Perspectives, 17(2), 159-178. Goda, G. S. (2011). The impact of state tax subsidies for private long-term care insurance on coverage and Medicaid expenditures. Journal of Public Economics, 95(7-8), 744-757.
Health: Government Policy, Regulation, Public Health (I18) Health: Government Policy, Regulation, Public Health (I18)
National Government Expenditures and Health (H51) State and Local Government: Health, Education, Welfare, Public Pensions (H75)
Analysis of Health Care Markets (I11)
Economics of the Elderly, Economics of the Handicapped, Non-labor Market Discrimination (J14);
Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs, Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs (I38);

How JEL codes identify subjects

Compare the JEL Codes for these 2 articles.

Both discuss long-term care, but focus on different aspects:

How to search EconLit using JEL codes + filters

National government programs:
  
Health: Government Policy, Regulation, Public Health (I18);
   Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty (I38);
 

Insurers  
    
Health Insurance, Public and Private (I13)
     Insurance, Insurance Companies, Actuarial Studies (G22)

Nursing homes + other care providers
    
Personal, Professional, and Business Services (L84)

You could start with a narrow search:

"long-term care" OR "nursing home"
AND su(I13) = __ results

And then expand it a bit:

"long-term care" OR "nursing home"
AND su(I13 OR G22) = __ results

Even broader:
"long-term care" OR "nursing home"
AND su(I1* OR G22) = __ results

You can also filter down results
by date, geographic location, etc.

Example:
A handful of other related JEL codes

Focus on actively filtering, rather than
passively searching

• Choose research tools that offer you more control 

• Search clearly

Organize your findings as you go

Start with quality data sources

Start with quality data sources

Where to find recommendations:

Library Research Guides
Health Economics Data Guide
Economics Guide > Data


Asking professors + librarians


 

Focus on actively filtering, rather than
passively searching

• Choose research tools that offer you more control 

• Search clearly

Organize your findings as you go

Start with quality data sources

• Library research guides, asking faculty

Organize your findings as you go

Annotate while saving sources (identify themes)

Be consistent: save everything the same way

Make sure you're saving permanent links

Consider a visual note-taking strategy (e.g. mind-mapping)

Kumu

Focus on actively filtering, rather than
passively searching

• Choose research tools that offer you more control 

• Search clearly

Organize your findings as you go

Annotate while saving sources (identify themes)

• Be consistent: save everything the same way

• Make sure you're saving permanent links

• Consider a visual note-taking strategy

Start with quality data sources

• Library research guides, asking faculty

Get help with research:

Sarah Elichko
Social Sciences & Data Librarian

 

Office Hours: W, 3-4pm & Th, 11am-1pm
       At McCabe Research & Info Desk
Schedule an appointment online
Email: selichk1@swarthmore.edu

Quick questions --> McCabe Research & Info Desk

• Drop by to get help from a librarian or RIA

• Open Sunday-Thursday, 11am-10pm (+more hours)

Expand your search to include more policy journals

Starting in EconLit, select Change Databases.
Scroll down to Social Sciences, select box for Politics, click Apply.

Describe your policy issue in no more than 5 words

List some other words that you would expect to come up in discussions about your topic. (Imagine explaining your interest in this topic to your professor - what words would you use?)

Geographic keywords can help focus your results - try regions and countries, but also states, provinces, cities.

How to Choose Keywords / Search Terms

Remove conjunctions, articles and prepositions

Then, search Google Scholar, EconLit, or Tripod.

Browse the search results for terminology (synonyms, other words that relate to your topic)

Econ 75: Health Economics

By Swarthmore Reference

Econ 75: Health Economics

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