Neighborhood Deprivation Index (NDI)

NDI was generated based on block group-level SES Indicators from the 2012-2016 American Community Survey:

  • Poverty: % HHs in poverty, % HHs earning <$30,000/year, % HHs with no vehicle
  • Occupation: % males(females) in management or professional occupations
  • Housing: % rented housing, % vacant housing, % renter/owner costs>50% income, median home values
  • Employment: % unemployed, % males no longer in work force
  • Education: % <high school education
  • Racial composition: % non-Hispanic blacks
  • Residential stability: % in same residence in the last year, % residents ≥65 years old

Messer, Lynne C., Barbara A. Laraia, Jay S. Kaufman, Janet Eyster, Claudia Holzman, Jennifer Culhane, Irma Elo, Jessica G. Burke, and Patricia O’campo. "The development of a standardized neighborhood deprivation index." Journal of Urban Health 83, no. 6 (2006): 1041-1062.


By Hui Hu


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