Aeronautical Decision Making

ADM is a systematic approach to the mental process used by pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances.

Steps in the decision making process

  • Define the problem
  • Choose a course of action
  • Implement the decision
  • Evaluate the outcome

There are 2 models are commonly used 

3P Model

  • Perceive: Think about the circumstances related to the Pilot, Aircraft, enVironment, and External pressure. (PAVE)

  • Process: Evaluating their impact on flight safety. Think the Consequences, Alternatives, Reality of the situation and External pressure. (CARE)

  • Perform: Determine the best course of action.