The Women Who Helped Build the Internet 

The women who helped build the internet

Lydia Wozniak

+ other creative things

BBC Design + Engineering

Software Engineer

Why?

Tubes, Behind the Scenes at the internet - Andrew Blum
Introduction to Networking: How the internet works by Charles R Severance

But, who?

Packet Switching: Donald Davies

ARPANET: Robert Taylor,  Lawrence Roberts

TCP/IP: Robert E. Khan, Vint Cerf

WWW: Tim Berners-Lee

Hidden Figures (2016)
BroadBand: The untold story of the women who made the internet - Clare L. Evans
Female Innovators at work, women on top of tech - Danielle Newnham

Elizabeth 'Jake' Feinler

FORTRAN

C AREA OF A TRIANGLE - HERON'S FORMULA
C INPUT - CARD READER UNIT 5, INTEGER INPUT, ONE BLANK CARD FOR END-OF-DATA
C OUTPUT - LINE PRINTER UNIT 6, REAL OUTPUT
C INPUT ERROR DISPAY ERROR MESSAGE ON OUTPUT
  501 FORMAT(3I5)
  601 FORMAT(4H A= ,I5,5H  B= ,I5,5H  C= ,I5,8H  AREA= ,F10.2,
     $13H SQUARE UNITS)
  602 FORMAT(10HNORMAL END)
  603 FORMAT(23HINPUT ERROR, ZERO VALUE)
      INTEGER A,B,C
   10 READ(5,501) A,B,C
      IF(A.EQ.0 .AND. B.EQ.0 .AND. C.EQ.0) GO TO 50
      IF(A.EQ.0 .OR.  B.EQ.0 .OR.  C.EQ.0) GO TO 90
      S = (A + B + C) / 2.0
      AREA = SQRT( S * (S - A) * (S - B) * (S - C) )
      WRITE(6,601) A,B,C,AREA
      GO TO 10
   50 WRITE(6,602)
      STOP
   90 WRITE(6,603)
      STOP
      END

ARPANET, 1969

Map showing 5h 10 min drive between Stanford University and UCLA
ARPANET LOGICAL MAP, MARCH 1977 - shows many nodes and paths between them

Dot Com

.com, .edu, .gov, .mil, .org, .net

 

Top Level Domain Names

Patricia Wilcox (previously Crowther)

New York Times, 1972

Mrs. Patricia Crowther of Arlington, Mass., a 29‐year‐old computer programer who is the mother of two daughters, told in an interview of being soaked to the skin, caked with mud “like chocolate frosting” and almost exhausted when the party inched through Hanson's Lost River and into the Mammoth Cave complex last Sept. 9.

"The Tight Spot"

 The critical juncture leading to the passages connecting Mammoth Cave and the Flint Ridge Cave System

PDP-1 Mainframe

Teletype Terminal

1972

Colossal Cave

Text Based Adventure Game

Dr Radia Perlman

Spanning-Tree Protocol, 1984

Algorhyme

I think that I shall never see
a graph more lovely than a tree.

A tree whose crucial property
is loop-free connectivity.

A tree that must be sure to span
so packet can reach every LAN.

First, the root must be selected.
By ID, it is elected.

Least-cost paths from root are traced.
In the tree, these paths are placed.

A mesh is made by folks like me,
then bridges find a spanning tree.

Still in use today...

Why?

Interconnections: Bridges, Routers, Switches and Internetworking Protocols - Radia Perlman

Professor Dame Wendy Hall DBE FRS FREng MAE FIET

Microcosm

Cern's WWW

First Website

Link Rot

"across major social media platforms 30% of shared links are totally dead within two years"

Web Science Research Initiative

More women in computing history?

Role Models are Important!

“One of the best ways to elevate your character is to emulate worthy role models.” — Epictetus

Thank you! 

 

Slides: Twitter @LydiaMoo 

 

 

Dame Vera Stephanie 'Steve' Shirley

Freelance Programmers Ltd, opened its doors in 1962, they hired remote women workers to carry out software engineering.

Margaret Hamilton

Director of the Software Engineering Division of the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, which developed on-board flight software for NASA's Apollo space program. The Apollo code ->

Katie Bouman

Led the creation of a new algorithm to produce the first-ever image of a black hole

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Role Models are Important!

“One of the best ways to elevate your character is to emulate worthy role models.” — Epictetus

Useful Links

Thank you

twitter @LydiaMoo for slides

The Women Who Helped Build the Internet

By Lydia

The Women Who Helped Build the Internet

Throughout the 20th century women held a lot of technological responsibility but, often are not credited for their contributions. This is an alternative history of the internet and shares the stories of women who helped create it.

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