Global sharing. Affordable Learning

Implementing the UNESCO OER Recommendation

Towards sustainable education for all

Wayne Mackintosh


Open Education Resource Foundation

Nurturing sustainable futures

There is no form of educational delivery more cost-effective, scalable and sustainable than open education


OER Foundation

The mechanics of open education

Gears by Pexels dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0 

Open education

Open Educational Resources (OER)

Open Learning (OL)

Open Educational Practices (OEP)

Open Pedagogy

Open Access (OA)

Free & Open Source Software (FOSS)

Open licensing

Defining OER

OER (Open Educational Resources) are defined by UNESCO as learning, teaching, and research materials in any format and medium that:

  • reside in the public domain or released under an open license
  • that permits no-cost access,
  • plus permissions for others to re-use, re-purpose, adapt, and redistribute.

UNESCO OER Recommendation

  1. Build the capacity of stakeholders to find, re-use, creat, adapt and share OER;
  2. Develop supportive policy for OER;
  3. Ensure inclusive and equitable access to quality OER;
  4. Nurture the creation of sustainability models for OER; and
  5. Facilitate international cooperation in OER. 

The five action areas

(Note monitoring requirements targeting consolidated report for the 42nd General conference (Autumn 2023))

UNESCO OER Recommendation

  1. 2002: OER was coined at UNESCO’s Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries
  2. 2012: Paris Declaration
  3. 2017: Ljubljana Declaration from awareness to action
  4. 2019: UNESCO OER Recommendation adopted by member states

A short history

Sustainable education


Conservation light bulb by Alexas Fotos dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Crossing the chasm

sharing to LEARN

learning to SHARE

OER is a renewable & sustainable resource


How do we achieve sustainable OER projects?

How will your institution remain sustainable without OER?

Sapling by Jason Scragz licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic