Dig in on Grid

Modern CSS Layouts

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@mjordancodes

Who am I? Why Should You Listen to Me?

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hi@mjordan.codes

@mjordancodes

<table>

Layouts are basically a mess

{ float : right }
{ position : absolute }
{ display : table }

@mjordancodes

@mjordancodes

How can we handle all these devices and avoid div soup?

@mjordancodes

{ display: flex }

The Flexible Box Module, usually referred to as flexbox, was designed as a one-dimensional layout model, and as a method that could offer space distribution between items in an interface and powerful alignment capabilities.

@mjordancodes

Can I Start Today?

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@mjordancodes

Flexbox Vocabulary

.container {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: row | column;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  justify-content: space-between;
  align-items: stretch;
}
.item {
  order: 1;
  flex-grow: 4;
  flex-shrink: 1;
  flex-basis: 5em;
  align-self: flex-end;
}
flex: 0 1 auto;

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Let's Try It!

Flexbox NavBar

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@mjordancodes

<nav>  
  <span class="menu-toggle">Menu</span>
  <div class="menu-content">
    <a href="#">Home</a>
    <a href="#">About</a>
    <a href="#">Portfolio</a>
    <a href="#">Blog</a>
    <a href="#">Contact</a>
  </div>
</nav>

Some simple HTML to start...

@mjordancodes

body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.menu-toggle {
  padding: 10px;
  display: block;
  text-align: center;
  cursor: pointer;
  background: #BEDB39;
}

CSS to start things off

@mjordancodes

.menu-content {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
}

Starting to Flex the things

@mjordancodes

.menu-content {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
}

.menu-content a {
  padding: 5px 0;
  background: #004358;
  width: 100%;
  text-align: center;
  color: #fff;
  text-decoration: none;
}

nav:hover .menu-content a:hover {
  background: #1F8A70;
}

And a little bit of pretty hovers

none;

nav:hover .menu-content {
  display: flex;
}

@mjordancodes

@media screen and (min-width: 400px) {
  .menu-toggle {
    display: none;
  }
  .menu-content {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: row;
  }
  .menu-content a {
    padding: 10px 0;
  }
}

Responsive Time

More Flexbox!

{ display: grid }

CSS Grid Layout excels at dividing a page into major regions or defining the relationship in terms of size, position, and layer, between parts of a control built from HTML primitives. Grid is for working in two-dimensions.

@mjordancodes

Can I Start Today?

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@mjordancodes

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Fallbacks for Older Browsers

New Grid Units

min-content
max-content

fr

minmax( )

@mjordancodes

.grid {
  display: grid;
}

@mjordancodes

.grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(4, 1fr);
}

@mjordancodes

.grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(4, 1fr);
  grid-template-rows: 100px 200px;
}

@mjordancodes

.grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(4, 1fr);
  grid-template-rows: 100px 200px;
  grid-gap-columns: 10px;
  grid-gap-rows: 5px;
}

@mjordancodes

Explicit Grid vs. Implicit Grid

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@mjordancodes

.grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
  grid-template-rows: repeat(4, 25px);
  grid-template-areas: "a a a"
                       "b b c"
                       "b b c"
                       "d d d";
}

Grid or Flexbox?

or floats??

@mjordancodes

@mjordancodes

@mjordancodes

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@mjordancodes

More CSS Grid in the Wild:

@mjordancodes

Rachel Andrew

Jen Simmons

Know these humans. They are AMAZING. Read their blogs, newsletters, and books, checkout their code, learn from their videos.

Links

Flexbox

W3C Flexible Box Specs --> https://www.w3.org/TR/css-flexbox-1/

Course: What The Flexbox? --> https://flexbox.io/

Flexbox Froggy --> https://flexboxfroggy.com/

@mjordancodes

W3C Grid Layout Specs --> https://www.w3.org/TR/css-grid-1/

Course: CSS Grid --> https://cssgrid.io/

Grid Garden --> https://cssgridgarden.com/

CSS Grid

Learn CSS Grid --> https://learncssgrid.com/

Grid By Example --> https://gridbyexample.com/

Links

@mjordancodes

Dig in on Grid

By mJordan Brady

Dig in on Grid

Wordcamp Portland on November 3rd.

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