Stellar Evolution









Solar Masses

Scales and galaxies

Solar system

Moons that are other worlds:

Finding exoplanets

TESS camera apertures

Kepler primary mirror


Types of


  • Hot Jupiters
  • lava planets
  • rogue planets
  • lethal rain
  • devoured planets
  • evaporating planets
  • eccentric orbits
  • ocean planets
  • zombie planets
  • tidally locked planets
  • eyeball planets
  • multiple-habitable worlds
  • circumbinary planets

Super-Earth or mini-Neptune?

Your questions:


  • What are some of the other planets that are outside of our solar system?
  • How many exoplanets are there?
  • What kind of things do you study, specifically?

  • What types of instruments do you build?

  • Do you use chemicals or gases, like helium, in your research?

    • spectral lamps, liquid nitrogen

  • Is there another planet that can support life?

  • Have you made any discoveries?

    Have you ever tried space food? What was it like?

  • What is your theory on how the universe was created?

  • When you do research, how do you find things on other planets?

  • Why did you become a scientist?

  • Have you ever done any experiments? If so, what kind?

What is the closest exoplanet to our solar system?


Proxima Centauri b

Have you ever seen any planets through the telescope at NASA?


Was the moon landing fake?

  • What is physics?

  • How long does it take to confirm an exoplanet? What steps do you have to take?

  • What did you have to do to become a successful scientist?

  • What is a day like for a scientist?

  • What is the experience of being a scientist? What is the reaction when you tell people you’re a scientist?

  • Do you have another job besides being a scientist? If you weren’t a scientist, what would you be?

  • Was it always your dream to be a scientist?

  • What is it like to use a telescope? How do you use one?

  • What are your thoughts on aliens?

  • What do you do for fun at work? For example, if you have some down time.




  • Intensity
    • photometry
      • magnitudes
      • transits
  • Wavelength
    • spectrum
      • radial velocity
      • composition
    • incandescence 
    • emission
    • absorption
  • Interference
  • Polarization
    • linear
    • circular



Your questions:


  • How was the asteroid belt made?

    • ​​formation of solar system, disruption by Jupiter ​

  • Has any other life been found?

  • How many galaxies are there?

    • ​​100s of billions: +100,000,000,000

    • our galaxy has 250 billion stars: 250,000,000,000
  • Are there more spiral galaxies?

  • Are there planets outside our solar system?

  • How did the planets get in our solar system? Why not on a different star?

  • How do planets get moons?

  • Why are planets round?

  • Why does Saturn have rings? What are the rings?

  • How do planets get made?

  • Are there other planets with atmospheres like Earth’s

  • How do planets find their orbits?

  • How do we know what the Sun is made of?


  • How many stars are in our galaxy?

  • What is the purpose of a star?

  • Why are stars different colors?

  • Why do stars twinkle?

  • What are stars made of?

  • What is a supernova?

  • Where’s our closest star after the Sun?

  • How long do stars live?

  • Was there another Sun here before ours?

  • How are stars formed?

  • Are there moons around the Sun?

  • How many people have been to the moon?

    • 24 have been to the moon, 12 have walked on it

  • Why can’t we see the moon’s colors from Earth?

Your questions:


  • What advice would you have for a student looking for a career in Astro?

  • What is the most interesting thing you have studied?

    • ​delphinus nova 2013

  • How does the supplier of the telescope work? (who made it, etc)

  • When and how were you inspired to work with telescopes?

  • The most insane thing you have seen with a telescope?

    • ​oumuamua

  • Are mirrored/reflecting telescopes the best type?

  • What do you like about your job? What do you most dislike about your job?

  • If you weren’t working on telescopes, what would you be doing?

  • What is something NASA is working on right now?

  • What can you say about other types of telescopes?  (all kinds?)

  • Do you know when the luvoir telescope will launch?

  • What are your expectations for the future of humanity on other planets or finding life on other planets?

  • What climate change related projects is NASA working on?

  • If making money is your goal, what type of science should you study?

  • What is the most rewarding part of your job?

  • Are there any plans to send humans to space again soon?

Why is the government underfunding NASA? Are there other ways for NASA to get money?