Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

A

Tools and techniques that could come in handy

#IfTech20

Alexander Vassbotn Røyne-Helgesen

Manager, Front-end Developer @ Bekk

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Typography

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

The first normal paragraph should be 24px below the lead paragraph

  1. Font-size 18px
  2. Line-height 28px
  3. Margin-bottom 24px
.if.editorial-lead{
  font-family: "If Sans Bold", Arial, sans-serif;
  font-weight: normal;
  font-variation-settings: 'wght' 126;
  font-size: 18px;
  line-height: 28px;
  letter-spacing: normal;
  margin-bottom: 24px;
 }

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

LGTM!

Or?

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

~ 20%

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Developers and Designers often speak different languages

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

CSS gives us the illusion it understands design

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

.if.editorial-heading{
  font-size: 18px;
  line-height: 28px;
 }

Looks easy enough?

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

CSS

Design

To the left, what CSS does. To the right, is what the designer intended to see. The CSS centers the text in the line-height. The designer aligns to the baseline (line-height bottom).

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Developers are left to tweak it until it looks good enough

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

An approach would be to find the typographic metrics and shift alignment based on that. A very tedious, manually approach for every font and line-height used

https://github.com/michaeltaranto/basekick

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Some versions of a typographic metrics calculator, to determine metrics

Typography

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Accessibility

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Accessibility

Accessibility

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

A website is not necessarily universally designed, even though it is in line with the current requirements and guidelines

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Meaningfull html

Enable the keyboard

Handle focus

Coverage with tests

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Meaningfull HTML

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

<label for="roundTrip">
   Round Trip
 </label>
<input type="checkbox" id="roundTrip"/>

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Intro to ARIA

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

<span role="button" onClick={} onKeypress={} tabIndex={}></span>

ROLE: What is it?

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

<button aria-checked="false"></button>

STATE: What state is it in?

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

aria-haspopup="true" 
aria-label="Close modal"

PROPERTY: What's the nature of it?

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Testing with disability simulation

Manual testing

Automatic testing

User tests with people with and without disabilities

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

One cannot test all WCAG criteria automatically. In fact, very few of them can be tested automatically, without even evaluating them manually. I believe that at best, only four of the 35 criteria apply according to Norwegian law, which can be fully tested automatically:

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

  • 1.4.3 Contrast between text and background should be good enough
  • 2.1.1 All functionality is available via keyboard
  • 3.1.1 Page language must be specified (lang attribute)
  • 4.1.1 Parsing must be possible. In other words, the HTML must be valid and according to specification

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Automated testing

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Directive-specfic user tests

Text alternative and labeling, Keyboard operabillity, ARIA-attribute matching

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Labeling user tests

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

it('should apply aria-hidden="true" when parent has valid label', inject(function() {
  const el = make(
    `<md-radio-button
          aria-label="Squishy Avatar"
          role="radio" tabindex="0"
        >
          <div class="md-container"></div>
          <div class="md-label">
            <md-icon md-svg-icon="android"></md-icon>
          </div>
        </md-radio-button>
     `
  );

  expect(el.find("md-icon").attr("aria-hidden")).toEqual("true");
}));

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Keyboard unit tests

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

it("closes on escape", inject((document, CONSTANTS) => {
  const menu = setup();
  openMenu(menu);
  expect(getOpenMenuContainer(menu).length).toBe(1);

  const openMenuEl = document.querySelector("md-menu-content");

  pressKey(openMenuEl, CONSTANTS.KEY_CODE.ESCAPE);
  waitForMenuClose();

  expect(getOpenMenuContainer(menu).length).toBe(0);
}));

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Integration / End-to-end tests

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Color contrast

Widget keyboard interop

Document-level rules

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Get help from an API

Save yourself from: label/name computation, incorrect ARIA usage, color contrast, data table markup and viewport/zooming issues.

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

$ npm i axe-core --save-dev

Runs locally, open source, free, good for integration tests and unit tests

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

import * as axe from "axe-core";
it("should have no accessibility violations", done => {
  browser.executeScript(axe.source);
  browser
    .executeAsyncScript((resolve: any) => {
      return (
        new Promise() <
        axe.AxeResults >
        (res => {
          axe.a11yCheck(document, {}, resolve);
        })
      );
    })
    .then((results: any) => {
      if (results.violations.length > 0) {
        console.log(results.violations);
      }
      expect(results.violations.length).toBe(0);
      done();
    });
});

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Accessibility is similar with all web frameworks.

Unit tests provide a component accessibility contract.

Use integration tests to redirect human resources.

Use an API for extra a11y muscle.

Prevent broken experiences from going out the door!

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Automatic testing of WCAG undoubtedly contributes to both quality and efficiency, but it often reveals only the tip of the iceberg. I believe human evaluation and user testing are absolutely necessary when we work on creating solutions that can be used by everyone in any situation. The effect of seeing and knowing the problems associated with disability itself should also not be underestimated - Anders Skifte

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Extensions

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Accessibility

Tricks of the trade

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Speccer

$ npm i @phun-ky/speccer

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Responsive documentation examples

$ npm i @phun-ky/responsive-documentation-examples

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Prettier

$ npm install --save-dev --save-exact prettier

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

EditorConfig

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

CodePen

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Lerna

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Conventional Commits

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Tricks of the trade

Questions?

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Thank you!

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Alexander Vassbotn Røyne-Helgesen

Manager, Front-end Developer @ Bekk

#IfTech20

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade - tools and techniques that could come in handy

By Alexander Vassbotn Røyne-Helgesen

Typography, Accessibility testing and Tricks of the trade - tools and techniques that could come in handy

#IfTech20 – online #9, 19 NovemberThis talk will both demonstrate the pains a developer have with the designer when the developer implements typography design. Ever wondered why the distance between a title and the text says 30px in the sketch, but it won't line up with your html and css? Well, this talk will make you understand why, and how to fix this :) Also addressing accessibility testing for developers. How to test your application for accessibility issues with ease! I will also disclose to you what my normal day look like as a developer for If's Design Systems. I will share tools, tricks and techniques that helps a lot with my workload

  • 121
Loading comments...

More from Alexander Vassbotn Røyne-Helgesen