soci 375

library research workshop


library-related instructions include:

  • submit a well-conceived paragraph, single-spaced, with a title, subtitle, and tentative/preliminary bibliography....
  • ...of peer-reviewed / scholarly articles or books that seem RELEVANT to your interpretive problem"
  • locate  "...disagreements among scholars,  gaps in knowledge"
  • follow customary scholarly CITATION format (ie MLA or APA) ...and carefully acknowledge your sources."

[writing assistance at the library]

[writing guides from the library]

reminder of 'questions to think on':

  1. What interpretive problem or question do you intend to address? Explain the problem, showing how it arises from your chosen text/s…
  2. What makes your problem problematic? What disagreements among scholars, gaps in knowledge, or complexities or inconsistencies in the text/s characterize the problem?
  3. What’s at stake in addressing this problem? Why is it significant? To whom does it matter? How will solving it advance the conversation? How does your small problem connect to some larger problem?
  4. In addition to your chosen text/s do you envision using any other primary sources such as other kinds of sources – contemporary historical documents, empirical evidence, visual media, and so forth?

What do YOU want to cover today?

tell me here:

OUR Agenda....

but first:

need assistance with any of these agenda items?

ask questions - GET HELP

Need assistance beyond a quick chat,
and have a bit of time to plan?

your subject librarian:

ZOOM office hours most Tuesdays 3-5, or by appointment


ZOOM office hours: most Tuesdays 3-5, 

OR by appointment

AskUs Desk LB building: most Wednesdays 1-3

under sociology see:

OUR Agenda

accessing resources at concordia & beyond

Search for library books, ebooks, articles and films

what if the library doesn't have it ONLINE?

request a book and pick it up later....

or use the call number and locate button to find it

what if the library DOESN'T have it at all?

search for it in any library worldwide:

... and simply request it!

but you CAN'T borrow ebooks from other libraries!!

what if you are looking

for a journal?

for example, the latest issue of Ecofeminism & Climate Change journal?

CONFUSED? Still not sure whether we have it or not?

or continue on to finding material

relevant to your topic or problem....

to find scholarly articles or books

related to your topic / problem

where wouldyou search?


where you search affects

what you find and how you find it

my tentative topic / problem

In looking at recent writings and posts about non-monogamy, I keep coming across discussions of bisexuality. For example:   

How do both popular and academic discourses around bisexuality -- especially those purporting to debunk stereotypes -- actually work to reinforce normative or colonial constructs around non-monogamy?

my tentative topic/question

finding references for my tentative biliography...

Search for specific library books, ebooks, articles and films

 but go beyond sofia 
to search for topics...

sociology databases



...or one database at a time

now how can you access / download articles you found?

now how can you access / download articles you found?

or continue on to examples

in other subject areas....

what about finding subject-specific databases in other subject areas?

subject guides

for your own further review:

 sample searches  on "CLIMATE CHANGE"

in various databases:

  • Sofia
  • Google Scholar
  • iPortal
  • Anthropology Plus

climate change in Sofia:

climate change in Google Scholar:

climate change in iPortal:

CLIMATE CHANGE in anthropology plus

or continue on to

"cited by" in google scholar....


A different search EXAMPLE:

I like the 2008 book:  The Importance of Being Monogamous: Marriage and Nation Building in Western Canada to 1915 by Sarah Carter as it seems to provide relevant context for my topic.


I want to find more recent articles that engage with this work...

google scholar findit@concordia TIP:

for more tips on accessing documents your found in google scholar, see the slides on:

or continue on to identiying

scholarly / peer-reviewed....

scholarly / Peer-reviewed / academic

In some Library Databases you can use a checkbox:

VIDEO: peer-review in 3 minutes

or continue on to test yourself....


is it academic / scholarly /


which one(s) is/are scholarly?

This is a resource aimed at practitioners and researchers, but it is not written by an academic describing a research study or a theoretical framework. Though it casually refers to other studies, it does not seriously engage with other academic research and has NO BIBLIOGRAPHY!

This IS an academic/scholarly/
peer-reviewed article. Important clues: academic language, author draws on scholarly theories and outlines their own. Long BIBLIOGRAPHY of references. You can look up the journal Sexualities and find out that is peer-reviewed.

or continue on to search

strategies & keywords....

How to properly enter your KEYWORDS in Library Databases

search strategies

example of a keyword

combination in socindex

example of a search in "standard"
EBSCO Article Databases

search tips & tricks for
library article databases

boolean operators, truncation, phrase searching:

 search strategies cheat sheet :

(YouTube, 7 mins)

Developing your search strategy: VIDEO

search strategy tip: keywords are not the only thing to think about!

Picking your topic takes strategy too

YouTube video, 3 mins

or continue on to bibliographies & zotero....

formatting referencES:

citation guides &

why is citing important?

This is a challenge for all of us:  Reflect on the way you approach referencing the work of others in your own writing, presenting and thinking. Whose work do you build on to make arguments ... Who are you citing, and why do you cite them (and not others)?

Eve Tuck, K. Wayne Yang, Rubén Gaztambide-Fernández,"Citation Practices" Critical Ethnic Studies, April 2015

I believe that bibliographies and endnotes and references and sources are alternative stories that can, in the most generous sense, centralize the practice of sharing ideas about liberation and resistance and writing against racial and sexual violence. 

Katherine McKittrick,"Footnotes (Books and Papers Scattered about the Floor)", Dear Science and Other Stories,2021

[on being an activist:] Try to think in terms of effectiveness; be bulletproof. I mean, anything that you say, you should be able to back it up with footnotes.

Buffy Sainte Marie interview with Rosanna Deerchild, Unreserved podcast, 2022

what's the simplest way to  properly cite?

it depends.

Start by picking a citation style 

and consulting a:

use a citation style guides:

APA STYLE: typical examples

in-text citations

Hakkinen and Akrami (2014) found that “individuals are receptive to climate change communications, regardless of ideological position” (p. 65).

Research shows that people from any ideological background are open to hearing about climate change (Hakkinen & Akrami, 2014).


APA STLe: typical exampleS


What about automatic citation tools?

take your pick:

a) citation generators*
b) citation management tools*

a) citation generators

Many library databases (for example: Sofia Discovery tool, EBSCO and ProQuest databases) as well as Google Scholar will provide you with formatted citations in the style of your choice that you can copy and paste into your bibliography, reference list or works cited list.

Make sure to  double check your generated citations - they are not always correct! Use those citation style guides to make sure all the required elements of the citation are present and correctly formatted.


b) citation management tools

Sometimes also called bibliographic management tools, these allow you to:

  • Download citations you find in library catalogues, databases, Google Scholar, and on the web.
  • Store and organize citations, and prepare a bibliography or reference list automatically.
  • Automatically format and insert in-text citations and a bibliography into papers you are writing with Microsoft Word, for example.

There are several citation management tools available.
Concordia Library provides support for ZOTERO...........

Make sure to  double check your generated citations - they are not always correct! Use those citation style guides to make sure all the required elements of the citation are present and correctly formatted.


or continue on to

primary sources

bonus material

primary source

 a source that provides first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic


the object(s) of your study


can be almost anything, depending on the CONTEXT!

what is a primary source?


can be PRIMARY sources?

typical primary sources 

  • newspaper articles
  • diaries
  • blogs, tweets & other social media posts
  • films / videos
  • court transcripts
  • laws, bills, government publications
  • NGO reports

locating primary sources will depend on what kind you are seeking, but see other library subject guides, such as:

SOCI 375 Fall 2022

By susie breier

SOCI 375 Fall 2022

Library Workshop slides for SOCI 375 fALL 2022 Professor Antonopoulos

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