wsdb 290

library research workshop

your subject librarian:

ZOOM office hours most Tuesdays 3-5, or by appointment


ZOOM office hours: most Tuesdays 3-5 

OR by appointment

Webster Library, Ask Us Desk: most Tuesdays 1-3 most Fridays 10-12

today's CONTEXT

GUIDELINES  for  your PROPOSAL and for your final TERM PAPER tell you to:

  • incluce "a preliminary BIBLIOGRAPHY of peer-reviewed SCHOLARLY articles or books that seem relevant to your interpretive problem"
  • locate  "...DISAGREEMENTS among scholars, GAPS in knowledge"
  • follow customary scholarly CITATION format (ie MLA or APA) ...and carefully acknowledge your sources."

What do YOU want to cover today?

tell me here:

OUR Agenda....

but first:

need assistance with any of these agenda items?

ask questions - GET HELP

Need assistance beyond a quick chat,
and have a bit of time to plan?

your subject librarian:

ZOOM office hours most Tuesdays 3-5, or by appointment


ZOOM office hours: most Tuesdays 3-5 

OR by appointment

Webster Library, Ask Us Desk: most Tuesdays 1-3 most Fridays 10-12

under women's studies see:

OUR Agenda

accessing resources at concordia & beyond

Search for library books, ebooks, articles and films

what if the library doesn't have it ONLINE?

request a book and pick it up later....

or use the call number and locate button to find it

what if the library DOESN'T have it at all?

search for it in any library worldwide:

... and simply request it!

what if you are looking

for a journal?

for example, the latest issue of Ecofeminism & Climate Change journal?

CONFUSED? Still not sure whether we have it or not?

or continue on to finding material

relevant to your topic or problem....

to find scholarly articles or books

related to your topic / problem

where wouldyou search?


Search for specific library books, ebooks, articles and films

 but go beyond sofia 
to search for topics...

my tentative topic / problem

Interested in current debates about  updates this summer to assisted dying legislation in Canada, claims that inclusion of disability as a reason for requesting and accessing physician assisted death are akin to a eugenics framing….    In terms of historical women's studies perspectives, might this not have echoes of earlier 20th century debates about reproductive rights, and how that too has sometimes been associated eugenics, or eugenic feminism?

My questions / problems:  are there indeed connections there? Can the current debates be informed by those earlier ones?

This will take SEVERAL SEARCHES  to explore,  using...

Women's STUDIES databases



sample search results...

sample search results

or continue on to examples

in other subject areas....

what about finding subject-specific databases in other subject areas?

subject guides

for your own further review:

 sample searches  on "CLIMATE CHANGE"

in various databases:

  • Sofia
  • Google Scholar
  • iPortal
  • Anthropology Plus

climate change in Sofia:

climate change in Google Scholar:

climate change in iPortal:

CLIMATE CHANGE in anthropology plus

or continue on to

"cited by" in google scholar....


A different search EXAMPLE:

I loved Kim TallBear's 2014 article:  "Standing With and Speaking as Faith: A Feminist-Indigenous Approach to Inquiry".


I want to find more recent articles that engage with (ie that cite) this work, but that also deal with my current tentative research topic, policing and Indigenous peoples.






or continue on to identiying

scholarly / peer-reviewed....

scholarly / Peer-reviewed / academic

In some Library Databases you can use a checkbox:

or continue on to test yourself....


is it academic / scholarly /


which one(s) is/are scholarly?

This is a resource aimed at practitioners and researchers, but it is not written by an academic describing a research study or a theoretical framework. Though it casually refers to other studies, it does not seriously engage with other academic research and has NO BIBLIOGRAPHY!

This IS an academic/scholarly/
peer-reviewed article. Important clues: academic language, author draws on scholarly theories and outlines their own. Long BIBLIOGRAPHY of references.

or continue on to search

strategies & keywords....

How to properly enter your KEYWORDS in Library Databases

search strategies

example of a keyword

combination in socindex

example of a search in "standard"
EBSCO Article Databases

search tips & tricks for
library article databases

boolean operators, truncation, phrase searching:

 search strategies cheat sheet :

(YouTube, 7 mins)

Developing your search strategy: VIDEO

search strategy tip: keywords are not the only thing to think about!

Picking your topic takes strategy too

YouTube video, 3 mins

or continue on to bibliographies & zotero....

formatting referencES:


citation guides &

what's the simplest way to  properly cite?

it depends.

Start by picking a citation style 

and consulting a:

use a citation style guides:

APA STYLE: typical examples

in-text citations

Hakkinen and Akrami (2014) found that “individuals are receptive to climate change communications, regardless of ideological position” (p. 65).

Research shows that people from any ideological background are open to hearing about climate change (Hakkinen & Akrami, 2014).


APA STLe: typical exampleS


What about automatic citation tools?

take your pick:

a) citation generators*
b) citation management tools*

a) citation generators

Many library databases (for example: Sofia Discovery tool, EBSCO and ProQuest databases) as well as Google Scholar will provide you with formatted citations in the style of your choice that you can copy and paste into your bibliography, reference list or works cited list.

Make sure to  double check your generated citations - they are not always correct! Use those citation style guides to make sure all the required elements of the citation are present and correctly formatted.


b) citation management tools

Sometimes also called bibliographic management tools, these allow you to:

  • Download citations you find in library catalogues, databases, Google Scholar, and on the web.
  • Store and organize citations, and prepare a bibliography or reference list automatically.
  • Automatically format and insert in-text citations and a bibliography into papers you are writing with Microsoft Word, for example.

There are several citation management tools available.
Concordia Library provides support for ZOTERO...........

Make sure to  double check your generated citations - they are not always correct! Use those citation style guides to make sure all the required elements of the citation are present and correctly formatted.


or continue on to zotero....

Once those two steps are completed and everything is installed, go to your favourite library database or to Google Scholar, and search for articles on a topic.


At the top right corner of your browser  you should see something like this:

If you don't see the folder icon (or an icon that looks like a sheet of paper or a book) click on the extensions icon (looks like a puzzle piece) and make sure that Zotero is PINNED.  It will turn blue.

To save items to you Zotero library of citations, click on the folder icon (or paper or book  icon  if you are looking at only one citation)

By default ZOTERO tries to save items to your Zotero library in the desktop software you installed, but you can also choose to enable the  Zotero Web library and save your citations online.

Zotero desktop library:

ZOTERO Web library:

Once citations are saved in your Zotero library you can create a bibliography:

  1. select the items you want to include
  2. click on the Create Bibliography icon
  3. select a citation style
  4. copy-paste the citations into your Word document


Once the Zotero desktop application is installed on your computer, the related plugins should automatically be integrated into whatever word processing software you have on your computer. 

You can then insert citations and your bibliography right from within the word processing software.

zOTERO library help guide:

or continue on to bonus material....

primary sources

bonus material

primary source

 a source that provides first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic


the object(s) of your study


can be almost anything, depending on the CONTEXT!

what is a primary source?


can be PRIMARY sources?

typical primary sources 

  • newspaper articles
  • diaries
  • blogs, tweets & other social media posts
  • films / videos
  • court transcripts
  • laws, bills, government publications
  • NGO reports

locating primary sources will depend on what kind you are seeking, but see other library subject guides, such as:

WSDB 290 (Winter 2021)

By susie breier

WSDB 290 (Winter 2021)

Library Workshop slides for WSDB 290 Introduction to Historical Perspectives in Women’s Studies, Winter 2021 Professor Antonopoulos

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