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Leitner Box

The Leitner Box

PRACTICE

...most students simply read through their stack of cards over and over again...

How do you use your flashcards?

 ...flashcards are an effective method of summarising and condensing key facts and information.

Text

Commiting things to memory and recalling information is important for all exams...

But do you ever manage to remember them all?

...most likely not!

however, there is a more effective method of using them:

BIG IDEA..

  • This image shows a phenomenon called the forgetting curve

  • The downward curve shows how information is forgotten..

  • After 7 days we can only recall 40% of the original infomation, and will have forgotten up to 60%

  • The subsequent lines demonstrate how we can counteract this effect

  • Introducing some short revision sessions, spaced out through the week can help us recall much more information

  • The act of trying to recall information also strengthens connections to the knowledge in our brain.

  • We call this the power of forgetting

Leitner suggests that when we have a large amount of information to learn on flashcards we tend to gravitate to those we know already..

In the Leitner System cards are “promoted” to higher levels if we can recall the information and “demoted” if we can’t.

The system forces you to spend more time on the lower level cards, therefore focusing your learning on the things you most need to remember.

German Scientist - Sebastian Leitner developed a highly effective method of practice and recall. He called his method "Spaced Repetition"

LEITNER SYSTEM

..we also tend to  subconsciously avoid those we find more difficult

Box 1

In here put the cards for frequent practice (The stuff you aren't remembering well)

Box 1

When you score a victory and fully recall a card you move it into  Box 2

Box 1

This your "Everyday Box" - test yourself on these cards everyday. 

Box 2

If you find you have forgotten this when you test yourself it moves back down to Box 1

Box 2

This is your "4x Box"

Test on Mon, Wed, Fri and Sun

Box 3

This is your "3x Box"

Test on Tue, Thur & Saturday. Move down to Box 2 if you fail.

Box 4 - "Once a week box" (e.g Mondays)

By the time cards reach this box you are really confident on the information.

Box 4

If you get this information correct the week after moving it, you can "retire" it into box 5

Box 5

This is the “Retired box”, cards that you always get correct go in this box

Box 5

These only need to be reviewed occasionally (perhaps before the exam)

How to create flashcards for your leitner box

  • Create a list of topics, these can be from a single subject or try mixing up 2 or 3 subjects,for a really challenging recall.

  • Use the topics as headings create flashcards:

    • Each flashcard should have a concept, image or word on the front.

    • With a detailed explanation on the back.

  • The aim is to learn the explanations on the back of each card using the front as a prompt.

  • We recommend QUIZLET which is a free online app that allows you to create and print your own flashcards

  • The following slides show some examples of flashcards from Quizlet. 

FINAL THOUGHTS

  • The one quality we have seen that differentiates top performing students from others is…

  • ...Having the courage and determination to spend time focusing on weaknesses.

  • This helps you isolate where your attention needs to be.

  • It is uncomfortable, but will make a huge difference to your levels of performance.

 

1. Leitner Box

PRACTICE

Concise 

BIG IDEA..

  • This image shows a phenomenon called the forgetting curve

  • The downward curve shows how information is forgotten..

  • After 7 days we can only recall 40% of the original infomation, and will have forgotten up to 60%

  • The subsequent lines demonstrate how we can counteract this effect

  • Introducing some short revision sessions, spaced out through the week can help us recall much more information

  • The act of trying to recall information also strengthens connections to the knowledge in our brain.

  • We call this the power of forgetting

Box 1

In here put the cards for frequent practice (The stuff you aren't remembering well)

Box 1

When you score a victory and fully recall a card you move it into  Box 2

Box 1

This your "Everyday Box" - test yourself on these cards everyday. 

Box 2

If you find you have forgotten this when you test yourself it moves back down to Box 1

Box 2

This is your "4x Box"

Test on Mon, Wed, Fri and Sun

Box 3

This is your "3x Box"

Test on Tue, Thur & Saturday. Move down to Box 2 if you fail.

Box 4 - "Once a week box" (e.g Mondays)

By the time cards reach this box you are really confident on the information.

Box 4

If you get this information correct the week after moving it, you can "retire" it into box 5

Box 5

This is the “Retired box”, cards that you always get correct go in this box

Box 5

These only need to be reviewed occasionally (perhaps before the exam)

How to create flashcards for your leitner box

  • Create a list of topics, these can be from a single subject or try mixing up 2 or 3 subjects,for a really challenging recall.

  • Use the topics as headings create flashcards:

    • Each flashcard should have a concept, image or word on the front.

    • With a detailed explanation on the back.

  • The aim is to learn the explanations on the back of each card using the front as a prompt.

  • We recommend QUIZLET which is a free online app that allows you to create and print your own flashcards

  • The following slides show some examples of flashcards from Quizlet. 

FINAL THOUGHTS

  • The one quality we have seen that differentiates top performing students from others is…

  • ...Having the courage and determination to spend time focusing on weaknesses.

  • This helps you isolate where your attention needs to be.

  • It is uncomfortable, but will make a huge difference to your levels of performance.