Digital Sources for Research of Native American History

HST 379: Native Americans in North America from 1830

  • Use unique, specific terms
  • Use the minus operator (-) to narrow the search
  • Use quotation marks for exact phrases
  • Don't use common words and punctuation
  • Customize your search
    • The plus operator (+):  Eliminate stop words by using (+) instead of "and" 

    • The tilde operator (~): Return results that use synonyms

    • The wildcard operator (*):  fill in the blank operator

    • The OR operator (OR) or (|):  returns results with either of two terms

  • ​Utilize faceting

Digital Public Library of America


Library Guides

Digital Archives

Digital compilation of one or more collections of digital resources/objects which may or may not include some contextualization or explanation 

Institutional Archives

Sequoyah Research Center

Photographic Archives

Digital Art Collections

Historical Map Archives

Digital Exhibits

Curated collections of primary sources (documents, images, maps, sounds, etc.) combined with contextual analysis.

Citing Electronic Sources


  • Your citations should include as much of the following information as possible:

    • Author and/or editor names (if available)

    • Title of the Website, project, or book in italics. 

    • Any version numbers available, including revisions, posting dates, volumes, or issue numbers.

    • Date you accessed the material.

    • URL 

A Sample Citation


  • Choose a topic (i.e. American Indian Movement (AIM))
  • Find a photo
    • Native American Studies Research Guide
    • Any resource mention previously
    • Any other source on the web
  • Answer as many of the following questions as possible:
    • Is the source trustworthy? Who is responsible for the website?
    • Is the image authentic? Who is the creator of the image? When was the photo taken? Where was the photo taken?
    • What information do you need to analyze the photo? Is it all there? Is enough there?