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Medical Laboratories

What happens in a medical lab?

Tests done on clinical specimens in order to obtain information about the health of a patient

  • Useful for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases
  • Specimens include
    • Blood
    • Urine
    • Tissue
    • Sputum
    • Wound cultures

Tests For...

  • Microbiology: What is causing the infection?
  • Hematology: What is wrong with the blood?
  • Chemistry: Are the body's amount of chemicals abnormal?
  • Urinalysis: Is there anything unusual present?

Sputum sample from patient with pneumonia

Blood sample from patient with leukemia

Careers in a medical lab

  • Phlebotomist
    • Draws blood from a patient for medical testing
  • Medical Laboratory Scientist
    • Performs the tests necessary to analyze patient specimens
  • Pathologist
    • Doctor who studies the completed tests in order to make a decision about diagnosis