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Jump into JavaScript

JavaScript runs in your browser

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language

JavaScript is an interpreted, not compiled language

JavaScript was named after Java, but they are not related languages.

JavaScript was created by Netscape in 1995 and was adopted as a standard by ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association)  shortly after 

JavaScript is an Object Oriented language

JavaScript is the basis for Node.js, Ember.js, Backbone.js, Angular JS,

Ext JS, jQuery 

The Document Object Model, or DOM, is a tree of objects, called elements, created from the HTML code of a page

JavaScript is useful for changing the DOM, thereby changing the structure and behavior of an HTML page

The DOM

Click the F12 key, or Ctrl + Shift + I

Lesson 1: Adding JavaScript to your HTML page 

<script type='text/javascript'>	

  for(i=0; i<2; i++){
     alert(i);
   }

</script>

Lesson 2: Creating a function

<script type='text/javascript'>	
function execute(){

  for(i=0; i<2; i++){
     alert(i);
   }

};
</script>
<script>
  execute();
</script>

Lesson 3: Handling Events

<input type="button" onclick='execute()' value="Click Me for Alerts" />

Other events include: onchange, onmouseover, onmouseout, onload

Lesson 4: Add an external script file

<script src='demo.js' type='text/javascript'></script>
function changeH1(){
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello JavaScript";

}
<input type="button" onclick='changeH1()' value="Change Content" />
<br/><br/>

Lesson 5: Getting Data from an input

First name:<br/>
<input type="text" id="firstname" name="firstname" value="Mickey"/>
<br/>
Last name:<br/>
<input type="text" id="lastname" name="lastname" value="Mouse"/>
<br/>
<input type="button" onclick="sayHello()" value="Say Hello" />
function sayHello() {
	
	var firstName = document.getElementById("firstname").value
	var lastName = document.getElementById("lastname").value
	
	alert("Hello " + firstName + " " + lastName);
}

Lesson 6: Control Structures

var loopByInput = function(){
        var loopNum = document.getElementById("loopNum").value
        var number = parseInt(loopNum);

	if(!isNaN(number)){
		
		for(i=0; i<number;i++){
			document.getElementById("output").innerHTML += i + "<br/>";
		}
		
	}
	
	else document.getElementById("output").innerHTML = "The value " + loopNum 
            + " is not a number <br/>";
}
Input a number of times to loop:<br/>
<input type="text" id="loopNum" name="loopNum" value=""/>
<br/>
<input type="button" onclick='loopByInput()' value="Loop this #" />
<div id="output"></div>

Lesson 6: Control Structures

for(i=0; i<number;i++){
	document.getElementById("output").innerHTML += i + "<br/>";
}
		
i = 2;
do{
    document.getElementById("output").innerHTML += i + "<br/>";
    i++;

} while(i < number);

Lesson 7: Updating attributes

var changeText = function(){
	var element = document.getElementById("output");
  
  if(element.style.color == "red")element.style.color="blue";
  else element.style.color="red";
  
  console.log(element);
  
};	
var hideOutput = function(){
  var element = document.getElementById("output");
  
  if(element.hidden == false){
    element.hidden=true;
    document.getElementById("hide").value = "Show Output";
  }
  else {
    element.hidden=false;
    document.getElementById("hide").value = "Hide Output";
  }
};

Lesson 8: Adding elements to the DOM

<div onclick='addImage()' style="background-color:blue; width:50px; height:50px;"></div>	
var imageIndex = 0;
var images = ["pics/1.jpg", "pics/2.jpg", "pics/3.jpg"];

var addImage = function(){
  var element =document.createElement("img");
  element.src =images[imageIndex % 3];
  element.style ='height:200px;width:200px;';
  imageIndex += 1 ;
  
  var bodyElement = document.getElementById("body")
  bodyElement.appendChild(element);
 
}

Text

jQuery is a JavaScript library that makes DOM traversal and editing easier. 

jQuery also provides AJAX functionality which is a better way to update your HTML page with dynamic content from a source external to the HTML page

Lesson 9: jQuery selectors 

function sayHello() {
	
	var firstName = document.getElementById("firstname").value;
	var lastName = document.getElementById("lastname").value;
	
	alert("Hello " + firstName + " " + lastName);
};


function sayHello() {
	
	var firstName = $("#firstname").val(); 
	var lastName = $("#lastname").val(); 
	
	alert("Hello " + firstName + " " + lastName);
};
<script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.3.js" type='text/javascript'></script>

Lesson 10: jQuery to add elements 

var addImage = function(){
  
var element =document.createElement("img");
  element.src = images[imageIndex % 3];
  element.style ='height:200px;width:200px;';
  document.getElementById("body").appendChild(element);

 imageIndex += 1 ;
}
  
var addImage = function(){
  
  var img = $("<img>");
  img.attr('src',images[imageIndex % 3]);
  img.attr('style', 'height:200px;width:200px;');
  $('body').append(img);
  
  imageIndex += 1 ;
 
}

Lesson 11: jQuery Ajax

$("document").ready(function(){

    $.ajax({
      type: 'GET',
      url: 'http://www.shannonwhalen.com/demo.php',
      dataType: 'jsonp',
      success:function(data, status, request){

        $.each(data, function(index, value){
          $('<input />', { type: 'checkbox', id: 'cb' + index }).appendTo("body");
          $('<label />', { 'for': 'cb'+index, text: value }).appendTo("body")
            .css("margin-right", "10px"); 
        
        });
      }
    });
});

References

QUESTIONS?

Jump Into JavaScript

By Akron Women In Tech

Jump Into JavaScript

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