JavaScript

Design Patterns

Andrés Bedoya (@Angel_fire)

What is a pattern?

A pattern is a reusable solution that can be applied to commonly occurring problems in software design - in our case - in writing JavaScript web applications. Another way of looking at patterns are as templates for how we solve problems - ones which can be used in quite a few different situations.

Addy Osmani

History

Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software - 1994

GoF (Gang of Four) 

Erich GammaRichard HelmRalph Johnson and John Vlissides

23 patterns:

  • Creational
  • Structural
  • Behavioral

Abstract Factory

Builder

Factory Method

Prototype

Singleton

Adapter

Bridge

Composite

Decorator

Facade

Flyweight

Proxy

Chain of Responsability

Command

Interpreter

Iterator

Mediator

Memento

Observer

State

Strategy

Template

Visitor

The Constructor Pattern

function Persona (nombre, apellido, edad, perfil, idioma) {
    this.nombre = nombre;
    this.apellido = apellido;
    this.edad = edad;
    this.perfil = perfil;
    this.idioma = idioma || "Ingles";

    this.fullName = function () {
        return this.nombre + " " + this.apellido;
    }
}

Persona.prototype.fullInfo = function() {
    return this.nombre + " " + this.apellido + " Tiene " + 
    this.edad + " años" + " Se desempeña como " + this.perfil + 
    " Y habla " + this.idioma;
}


var persona1 = new Persona ("Andres", "Bedoya", 30, "UI developer", "Ingles");

console.log(persona1.fullName());
console.log(persona1.fullInfo());

The Module Pattern

In JavaScript, there are several options for implementing modules. These include:

  • The Module pattern
  • Object literal notation
  • AMD modules
  • CommonJS modules
  • ECMAScript Harmony modules

Object Literals notation

var myModuleJS = {
    myConfig: {
        language: "es",
        country: "Colombia",
        cache: true
    },

    reportMyConfig: function () {
        console.log("Caching is: " + (this.myConfig.cache ? "enabled" : "disabled"));
        console.log("Language: " + this.myConfig.language);
        console.log("Country: " + this.myConfig.country);
    },

    updateMyConfig: function(newConfig) { 
        if (typeof newConfig === "object") {
          this.myConfig = newConfig;
        }
    }
};

myModuleJS.reportMyConfig();

myModuleJS.updateMyConfig({
    language: "en",
    country: "England",
    cache: false
});

myModuleJS.reportMyConfig();

The Revealing Module Pattern

var myRevealingModule = (function() {

    // Private method
    var calculateSalary = function (name, basicSalary) {
        if (basicSalary > 499) {
            if (name.length > 6) {
                return basicSalary - 40;
            } else {
                return basicSalary - 20;
            }
        } else {
            return basicSalary + 20;
        }
    };

    // Public method
    var finalSalary = function (name, basicSalary) {
        return calculateSalary(name, basicSalary);
    };

    return {
        printSalary: finalSalary
    };

})();

myRevealingModule.printSalary("Andres", 500);

AMD

AMD (Asynchronous Module Definition) format is to provide a solution for modular JavaScript that developers can use today.

MV* Patterns

  • MVC Pattern (Model, View, Controller)
  • MVP Pattern (Model, View, Presenter)
  • MVVM Pattern (Model View ViewModel)

Solid - Design Principles

  • Single Responsibility Principle
  • Open-Closed Principle
  • Liskov Substitution Principle
  • Interface Segregation Principle
  • Dependency Inversion Principle

JavascriptDP

By Andrés

Loading comments...

More from Andrés