Progressive Web Apps

Enhancing user experience on the web

Hello!

ayastreb.me

github.com/ayastreb

What is a Web App?

- interactive web page

- built with HTML, JavaScript and CSS

- runs in web browser

- no additional software

What is a Web App?

What is a Web App?

What makes it progressive?

Alex Russell

@slightlylate

Fast

Reliable

Installable

Responsive

Progressive Web App Platforms

- browser (desktop & mobile)

- installed app (desktop & mobile)

- other (gaming console, smart TV, etc)

Benefits of Progressive Web Apps

- universal

- higher conversion: pwastats.com

- no app store - easy updates

- easier to develop & maintain

Drawbacks of Progressive Web Apps

- in early stage

- browser support is limited

- no app store 😄

- no native APIs

How to make a PWA?

- secure (HTTPS everywhere)

- fast & responsive

- works offline (service worker)

- installable (meta data)

Web App Manifest

# index.html
<link rel="manifest" href="/manifest.json">
# index.html
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="57x57" href="/apple-touch-icon-57x57.png">
...
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="180x180" href="/apple-touch-icon-180x180.png">
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="32x32" href="/favicon-32x32.png">
...
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="192x192" href="/android-chrome-192x192.png">
<meta name="msapplication-TileColor" content="#4CC1FC">
<meta name="msapplication-TileImage" content="/mstile-144x144.png">
<meta name="theme-color" content="#222222"></head>

Before:

After:

Web App Manifest

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/Manifest

Service Worker

Service Worker

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/ServiceWorker

# index.html
if ('serviceWorker' in navigator) {
  navigator.serviceWorker.register('service-worker.js')
    .then(function (registration) {
      if (registration.active) {
        console.log('This page now works offline!')
      }
    });
}

Service Worker

# service-worker.js

self.addEventListener('install', event => {
  fetch(new Request(OFFLINE_URL)).then(function(response) {
    return caches.open(CURRENT_CACHES.offline).then(function(cache) {
      return cache.put(OFFLINE_URL, response);
    });
  })
});

self.addEventListener('fetch', event => {
  if (event.request.mode === 'navigate' ||
      (event.request.method === 'GET' &&
       event.request.headers.get('accept').includes('text/html'))) {
    console.log('Handling fetch event for', event.request.url);
    event.respondWith(
      fetch(event.request).catch(function(error) {
        console.log('Fetch failed; returning offline page instead.', error);
        return caches.match(OFFLINE_URL);
      })
    );
  }
});

https://googlechrome.github.io/samples/service-worker/

Service Worker

- write your own

- generate automatically:

- sw-toolbox

- sw-precache

- sw-precache-webpack-plugin

https://jakearchibald.github.io/isserviceworkerready/

Hybrid Apps

www.pwabuilder.com

Conslusion

- better user experience

- benefits in all browsers

- does not replace native apps

- development approach

Resources

https://jakearchibald.github.io/isserviceworkerready/resources.html

https://jakearchibald.com/2014/offline-cookbook/

https://developers.google.com/web/ilt/pwa/

https://github.com/w3c/ServiceWorker/blob/master/explainer.md

https://googlechrome.github.io/samples/service-worker/

https://developers.google.com/web/progressive-web-apps/checklist

Q&A

http://bit.ly/2wjsTeR

Progressive Web Apps

By Anatoliy Yastreb

Progressive Web Apps

  • 511
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