Web Basics : CSS

HTML PROVIDES

CONTENT HIERARCHY

TO DOCUMENTS AND

LINKS PAGES TO EACH OTHER

IS: Utilitarian

NOT: PRESENTATIONAL

since 1996

The Design is bound to the html

HTML CRUFT

Same markup, different presentation

csszengarden.com

All heading 1 elements should be bold.

Therefore, no formatting markup such as bold tags (<b></b>) is needed within the content;

what is needed is simply semantic markup saying,

this text is a level 1 heading.

1996 vs 2014

cascading STYLE sheets

Just two concepts:

PROPERTIES

color

The text color will change

cascading STYLE sheets

Just two concepts:

PROPERTIES & ATTRIBUTES

color: green;

The text color will be green

cascading STYLE sheets

Each property expects specific attributes

color

green

red

#ff0000

salmon

border-width

10px

5rem



font-family

comic-sans

lobster

times new roman

height

10px

5rem

15%

 

cascading STYLE sheets

Certain properties let you declare multiple attributes at the same time

border-style: solid;
border-width: 1px;
border-color: black;
border: solid 1px black;

INLINE STYLING

Styles can be applied directly to elements

<p>Hello Fullstack</p>

<p style=" ">Hello Fullstack</p>

<p style="color:green; border: solid 1px black;">Hello Fullstack</p>

Inline styles are still crufty

cascading style SHEETS

CSS is best used when it's out of the way

<element>                 <p>Hello FullStack</p>
#id        <p id="fullstack">Hello FullStack</p>
.class     <p class="meetup">Hello FullStack</p>
p { color: green; }
#fullstack { color: green; }
.meetup { color: green; }

cascading style SHEETS

.meetup {

  color: green;

  border: solid 1px black;

}

Formatting

.meetup { color:green; border:solid 1px black; }

Hard to read:

Easy to read:

Keep it simple

  • Elements  ==   EVERYTHING
  • IDs             ==   Highlander Rule                                                     (There can be only 1)
  • Classes      ==  :)

use classes

WHERE

<Style> is not

maintainable

<link>

CASCADING style sheets

Attributes defined later override previous attributes

Browser support for CSS properties

Plain english overview of each property

RESOURCES et cetera

slides.com/azanebrain/fullstack-css

AJ Zane | @azanebrain

News and tips to get your CSS working how you want it

Techniques to target specific elements

Different strategies for organizing your projects

A preprocessor that lets you add programatic logic to CSS

Normalize the base CSS across all browsers

—— LABS ——

Fork this pen and work on the excersizes

Web Basics : CSS

FullStack Labs: CSS

By AJ Zane

FullStack Labs: CSS

CSS Presentation for part two of the Full Stack Labs "Web Basics" curriculum | fullstacktalks.com | @fullstacktalks

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