BOB 2017, Feb 24th

Benjamin Kampmann, gnunicorn.org

Privacy-first

Data Types

watch live at

tinyurl.com/privacy-first-data-types

👋 Hello

Benjamin Kampmann

Developer, Architect, Educator, Writer

Freelance, FLOSS

@gnunicornBen

    gnunicorn.org

imagine

https://icsmap.shodan.io/

Root Problem

centralised Data Warehousing

forum.safedev.org

Domain Name Service

XMPP

Email

Bittorrent (with DTH)

Freenet

the SAFE  Network

Overview

the SAFE network

A decentralized privacy-first open source data storage and communications network that provides a secure, efficient and no-cost infrastructure for app development.

Peer-to-peer Data Storage

Built-in Data Retentation

Mathematical Deduplication

Encrypted by Default

Self-Auth Registration

 

Infrastructure for

decentributed App

(aka truly anonymous)

the SAFE  Network

From the Data Perspective

For details on the Consensus System, see

my talk at FOSDEM 2017

Global Key-Value-Store

key + type -> value
sha256("ben") + 1 -> AccountInfo

sha256("ben") + 2 -> ImmutableData("ben")
sha256("ben") + 15001 -> MData

Data Types

  • Authentication
  • Immutable data
  • Mutable data*
  • Currency

Immutable Data

A chunk of data, stored at the address of sha256(data)

Content Addressing

Unified Resource Location:

http://forum.safedev.net/test/someting

protocol :// physical location / path within

Unified Resource Identifier:

safe://4e1243bd22c66e76c2ba9eddc1f91394e57f9f83

 

magnet:?xt=urn:sha1:4e1243bd22c66e76c2ba9eddc1f91394e57f9f83&dn

Deduplication

Self-encryption

Self-encryption

💾

🔪

📄

📄

📄

📄

🔐

🎁

🔐

🎁

🔐

🎁

🔑

Data Map

order in which they need

to be put together again

Immutable Data

+ Self-encryption 🔑

  • encrypted
  • public & private
  • deduplicated
  • content addressed

Mutable Data

pub struct MutableData {
    name: XorName,
    tag: u64,

    data: BTreeMap<Vec<u8>, Value>,

    permissions: BTreeMap<User, PermissionSet>,
    version: u64,
    owners: BTreeSet<PublicKey>,
}
pub struct MutableData {
    name: XorName,
    tag: u64,

    data: BTreeMap<Vec<u8>, Value>,

    permissions: BTreeMap<User, PermissionSet>,
    version: u64,
    owners: BTreeSet<PublicKey>,
}

essentially just HashMap, too

source

Mutable Data

CRYPTO

How make it private?

pub struct MDataInfo {
    pub name: XorName,
    pub type_tag: u64,

    /// Key to encrypt/decrypt the content.
    /// and the nonce to be used for keys
    pub enc_info: Option<(secretbox::Key,
                     Option<secretbox::Nonce>)>,
}
pub struct MDataInfo {
    pub name: XorName,
    pub type_tag: u64,

    /// Key to encrypt/decrypt the content.
    /// and the nonce to be used for keys
    pub enc_info: Option<(secretbox::Key,
                     Option<secretbox::Nonce>)>,
}

💻

🔑

📅

shared access

pub struct MutableData {
    name: XorName,
    tag: u64,

    data: BTreeMap<Vec<u8>, Value>,

    permissions: BTreeMap<User, PermissionSet>,
    version: u64,
    owners: BTreeSet<PublicKey>,
}
pub struct MutableData {
    name: XorName,
    tag: u64,

    data: BTreeMap<Vec<u8>, Value>,

    permissions: BTreeMap<User, PermissionSet>,
    version: u64,
    owners: BTreeSet<PublicKey>,
}
pub struct MutableData {
    name: XorName,
    tag: u64,

    data: BTreeMap<Vec<u8>, Value>,

    permissions: BTreeMap<User, PermissionSet>,
    version: u64,
    owners: BTreeSet<PublicKey>,
}
pub enum User {
    Anyone,
    Key(PublicKey),
}
pub struct PermissionSet {
    insert: Option<bool>,
    update: Option<bool>,
    delete: Option<bool>,
    manage_permissions: Option<bool>,
}

Mutable Data

+ MData Info 🔑

  • encrypted
  • public and private
  • HashMap
  • with shared access

Examples

default containers

"_documents"

"_downloads"

"_music"

"_videos"

"_public"

"_pictures"

 

privateRandomMData()

...

=> ser(privMDataInfo)

📱

😀

access "_pictures" to 'insert' ?

MData

add access "$Key" to 'insert'!

share

🔐

Public Names

"DNS" - domain lookup

with a "service" oriented approach

app.mutableData.newRandomPrivate(consts.TAG_TYPE_WWW)
 .then((serviceMdata) => serviceMdata.quickSetup()
  .then(() => {
    const nfs = serviceMdata.emulateAs('NFS');
    return nfs.create(content)
     .then((file) => nfs.insert('/index.html', file))
     .then(() => {
       const dnsName = sha256Hash.digest(domain);
       return app.mutableData.newPublic(dnsName, consts.TAG_TYPE_DNS)
        .then((dnsData) => serviceMdata.serialise()
          .then((serial) => dnsData.quickSetup({'www': serial})
           ));
        });
app.mutableData.newRandomPrivate(consts.TAG_TYPE_WWW)
 .then((serviceMdata) => serviceMdata.quickSetup()
  .then(() => {
    const nfs = serviceMdata.emulateAs('NFS');
    return nfs.create(content)
     .then((file) => nfs.insert('/index.html', file))
     .then(() => {
       const dnsName = sha256Hash.digest(domain);
       return app.mutableData.newPublic(dnsName, consts.TAG_TYPE_DNS)
        .then((dnsData) => serviceMdata.serialise()
          .then((serial) => dnsData.quickSetup({'www': serial})
           ));
        });
app.mutableData.newRandomPrivate(consts.TAG_TYPE_WWW)
 .then((serviceMdata) => serviceMdata.quickSetup()
  .then(() => {
    const nfs = serviceMdata.emulateAs('NFS');
    return nfs.create(content)
     .then((file) => nfs.insert('/index.html', file))
     .then(() => {
       const dnsName = sha256Hash.digest(domain);
       return app.mutableData.newPublic(dnsName, consts.TAG_TYPE_DNS)
        .then((dnsData) => serviceMdata.serialise()
          .then((serial) => dnsData.quickSetup({'www': serial})
           ));
        });
app.mutableData.newRandomPrivate(consts.TAG_TYPE_WWW)
 .then((serviceMdata) => serviceMdata.quickSetup()
  .then(() => {
    const nfs = serviceMdata.emulateAs('NFS');
    return nfs.create(content)
     .then((file) => nfs.insert('/index.html', file))
     .then(() => {
       const dnsName = sha256Hash.digest(domain);
       return app.mutableData.newPublic(dnsName, consts.TAG_TYPE_DNS)
        .then((dnsData) => serviceMdata.serialise()
          .then((serial) => dnsData.quickSetup({'www': serial})
           ));
        });
app.mutableData.newRandomPrivate(consts.TAG_TYPE_WWW)
 .then((serviceMdata) => serviceMdata.quickSetup()
  .then(() => {
    const nfs = serviceMdata.emulateAs('NFS');
    return nfs.create(content)
     .then((file) => nfs.insert('/index.html', file))
     .then(() => {
       const dnsName = sha256Hash.digest(domain);
       return app.mutableData.newPublic(dnsName, consts.TAG_TYPE_DNS)
        .then((dnsData) => serviceMdata.serialise()
          .then((serial) => dnsData.quickSetup({'www': serial})
           ));
        });

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Thanks!

Benjamin Kampmann

@gnunicornBen   gnunicorn.org

Privacy-first Data Structures @ BOB 2017

By Benjamin Kampmann

Privacy-first Data Structures @ BOB 2017

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