Frontend for the dark side (aka Backend Team)

Contents

  1. grunt, bower, npm...
  2. Angular basics
    1. Factories
    2. Promises
    3. Code Reuse
  3. Angular intermediate
    1. One time binding
    2. The problem with scopes

Grunt, bower, npm...

Grunt, npm, bower...

  • Packages defined in: bower.json
  • Packages used by the client's browser
  • Back-end look-alike: pip
  • Package examples: angularjs, bootstrap

Bower

Package manager

Grunt, npm, bower...

  • Packages defined in: package.json
  • Packages used by the server
  • Back-end look-alike: pip (also)
  • Package examples: uglifyjs, jasmine, karma

npm

Package manager

Grunt, npm, bower...

Main file Used by Common Packages
bower
 
bower.json client angularjs
bootstrap
npm
 
package.json server uglifyjs
jasmine

Grunt, npm, bower...

  • Used by the server to build F.E. app
  • Back-end look-alike: Fabric? (http://www.fabfile.org/)

Grunt

Build manager

Grunt, npm, bower...

Bower packages

Frontend code

npm packages

download

download

1

2

run

3

uses

to pack / treat

generates

4

frontend app

3a

3b

uses

5

Grunt, npm, bower...

Bower packages

Frontend code

npm packages

download

download

1

2

run

3

uses

to pack / treat

generates

4

frontend app

3a

3b

uses

5

Angular basics

Angular basics

Factories

  • Also called services
  • Maintain app state

Frontend app

loaded

service

service.setSomething(value)

service.getSomething()

view 1

view 2

controller 1 created

controller 2 created

controller 1 destroyed

controller 2 destroyed

Angular basics

Promises

Objects representing asynchronous calls

// some code

var promise = $http.get(...)

// more code, not waiting for $http.get() to finish

promise

.then(...)

.catch(...)

Code executed when the request is finished successfully

Code executed when the request is finished with an error

Angular basics

Code reuse

Providers: Services, Factories, Values

Host state and common logic through all the app

Directives

Reusable UI Components (with their own logic and template)

ngInclude (reusable views)

ngInclude to insert some html into another, combine with stand-alone less files.

Combine with $templateRequest and cache mechanisms to improve performance.

Other advanced javascript techniques

Adding common logic to javascript object prototypes...

Angular intermediate

Angular intermediate

One time bindings

::someVariable

When?

Values that, once loaded, won't change not dinamyc values)

Why?

Improve performance by reducing CPU and memory usage in client

Typical examples

  • {{ ::currentUser.userName }}
  • ng-repeat="::listOfCurrencies"
  • ng-show="::retailer.disabled"

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

JavaScript prototypical inheritance

aString visible for [ ChildScope ]

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

JavaScript prototypical inheritance

aString in [ ChildScope ] masks the one in [ ParentScope ]

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

JavaScript prototypical inheritance

aString in [ ChildScope ] masks the one in [ ParentScope ]

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

Why is this important for AngularJS?

  • The following create new scopes, and inherit prototypically: ng-repeat, ng-include, ng-switch, ng-view, ng-controller, directive with scope: true, directive with transclude: true.

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

Why is this important for AngularJS?

Having an ngModel inside an ngRepeat (or other directives creating child scopes) is, then, useless

Solution

Storing models in JS objects, not directly in the scope

ng-model="user.name"

Angular intermediate

The scopes problem

Basically: https://github.com/angular/angular.js/wiki/Understanding-Scopes

Why is this important for AngularJS?

When making write operations on a model inside a child scope

$scope.someVar = "Some value"

Javascript is creating a new someVar in the child $scope instead of modifying the one in the parent scope

End. Questions?

Angular JS for the dark side (aka Backend Team)

By Hector Pablos

Angular JS for the dark side (aka Backend Team)

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