P2P Web & Decentralized Apps

#ForPeople!

Barış Güler

@hwclass

Frontend Team Lead @ Blacklane

#WeAreHiring!

#AboutMe

This talk is

not about

blockchain or

bitcoin.

It is about decentralizedweb.

Keywords

Human Interaction

Openness

Web Application Development

Peer-to-Peer Web

Centralized Web

Corporate Web

Decentralization

Corporate Monopolies

Control-Centric Approach

Privacy

Dat Platform

Decentralized Web Events

Beaker Browser

Security

Hashbase

File system

Scuttlebutt

HTTP

Indie Web

 

The Web is

over-

engineered.

https://twitter.com/mathowie/status/837735473745289218

The Web is

under-

estimated.

#QuotesFromCommunity

"The Web enabled communication, collaboration, and creativity at a scale once unimaginable, but it’s devolved into a landscape of of isolated platforms that discourage customization and interoperability. The Web’s value flows from the people who use it, yet our online experiences are dictated by corporations whose incentives rarely align with our own."

#QuotesFromCommunity

http://ab13zyvpe7wadntqjz2zrmwcz02tvcuk75qcb6bh41w38qg6z7r0.gateway.mauve.moe:3000/

#P2PWebCommunity
#P2PWebCommunity

"Websites served from many locations; locations that are not coordinated."

Brewster Kahle, archive.org

#P2PWebCommunity

"A Web that does not depend upon powerful monopolies."

Jehan Tremback, altheamesh.com

"In the future, the Web will be like air and water. It will be a part of the Commons."

Jeffrey Ventrella, wiggleplanet.com

#P2PWebCommunity
#QuotesFromCommunity

"Decentralized software has potential to return control of digital information to the people."

#P2PWebCommunity

"The core weaknesses of the Internet have to be recognized, and how exactly they were exploited by middlemen businesses. The problem we are solving is both social and technical, so the solution must be a harmony of these two. Finally, all the tools and opportunities we need to supersede them are already in our hands: smartphones, peer-to-peer protocols, and mesh networks"

Distributed non-Profitness

Dat Project

#ForMorePublicData

#NonProfitHumanDriven

Along the way of building the future we got lost. We need public technology driven by communities and humans.

#DatDescription

"We believe that not-for-profit and human-driven technology will be the future of the open web. We must also nurture an inclusive community creating fair technology."

 

"User security and privacy take priority in the Dat Protocol. Applications using Dat get encrypted transfer, private data sharing, and content verification built-in."

 

"Existing Internet infrastructure was funded and built for the public. Large monopolies now control the web. Can we imagine a new model for technology infrastructure?"

#DatHistory

#FirstCommit

#DatFeatures

Distributed

Data history

Security

In-place archiving

https://github.com/datproject/docs/blob/master/papers/dat-paper.pdf

dat://... ≈ file://...

#DatFeatures
// import dat
const Dat = require('dat-js');

// create a new instance
const dat = Dat();

// share hello.txt
dat.add(function (repo) {
  var writer = repo.archive.createFileWriteStream('hello.txt')
  writer.write('world')
  writer.end(function () { replicate(repo.key) })
})
const clone = Dat()

// download hello.txt
clone.add(key, function (repo) {
  repo.archive.readFile('hello.txt', function (err, data) {
    console.log(data.toString()) // prints 'world'
  })
})
// download a subset
dat.add(key, { sparse: true }, function (repo) {
  // do domething!
})
#CodeForHumans

Dat on server

$ npm install -g hypercored

$ hypercored
Watching ~/dat/feeds for a list of active feeds
Archiver key is 42471e32d36be3cb617ec1df382372532aac1d1ce683982962fb3594c5f9532a
Swarm listening on port 58184

# Hit http://localhost:58184

To provide any feeds you want on web

#DatFeatures

hyperdrive: Core library

hypercore: Logging

#DatInternals

Distributed file system.

Distributed append-only log.

Connection for hyperdrive & hypercore feeds

hyperdiscovery

Create a Dat

dat.create

Share a Dat

dat.share

Download Dat

dat clone dat://778f8...

Browser-as-a-"Server"

Beaker Browser

#ForMorePowerfulWeb

#WhyBuildABrowser?

Browsers are the gateway to the Web! By building a browser with experimental features and capabilities, we have the flexibility to explore how the browser can help uphold the vision of an open Web.

" At the heart of Beaker is a peer-to-peer network  for sharing all kinds of content.

 

It lets you skip the middle man and share data directly with your friends and colleagues. P2P networks are fantastic for sharing information privately, and they work great for publishing to a broad audience too!"

#BeakerDescription
#InternetIndependent
#RealOfflineExperience
#BeakerFeaturesForDevs

Share work via peers

Prototype & show what you have

Showcasing components / small pieces

Creating apps for your good (not for business)

#WrittenInJS!

#opensource
#BeakerInternals

WebDB

Homebase (ex. dathttpd)

DatArchive API

Reads/Writes data on dat:// websites.

Pinning server for Dat Protocol.

API for reading/writing on Dat file system.

Decentralized Apps for

People

#ByDevelopers!

Private Family blog

Beaker Browser

Gatsby

Netlify CMS

Flog

#BuildWithP2P

In-house Documentation

Beaker Browser

GraphCMS

React

dokumante.at

#BuildWithP2P

(Really!) personal Xgram

Beaker Browser

<Number-of-family-members-in-array>.map(m => createApp(m))

xgram.app

#BuildWithP2P

ad-hoc Social Network App

Beaker Browser

Hashbase

<Something>.js

personal.space

#BuildWithP2P

Team-specific Code Reviewing Tools

Beaker Browser

A Pub/Sub Mechanism

<SomethingAnother>.js

revue.me

#BuildWithP2P

Reviewing Tool for your Homeworks

Beaker Browser

HyperDB

Hashbase

<ThisIsSoCool>.js

kacuzerinden.io

#BuildWithP2P

Component Showcasing App

Beaker Browser

HyperDB

Hashbase

<WhyIamUsingThisStill>.js

Docz

use.guide

#BuildWithP2P

Your P2P Lambda

Beaker Browser

application/json or text/html

handler.js

lam.ba

#BuildWithP2P

Your tiny gist server

(I mean, peer-to-peer app)

<Some> Browser

HyperDB

<LetsSwitchToAnother>.js

gi.st

#BuildWithP2P

Your own hosting service

<Some> Browser

HyperDB

<LetsSwitchToAnother>.js

https://rationalcoding.github.io/hyperhost

Example:

https://decentralized-static-app.hashbase.io/
#BuildWithP2P

Tooling

#ByDevelopers!

Hashbase

Hosting for peer-to peer web

#Tooling

HyperDB

Distributed Scalable Database

https://github.com/mafintosh/hyperdb

#Tooling

Scuttlebutt

a decent(ralised) secure gossip platform

https://www.scuttlebutt.nz/

#Tooling

Bottlenecks

#ForPeople

"And when you gaze long

into an abyss,

the abyss also gazes you."

#FriedrichNietzche

Catch-22 syndrome​

Why use if people not using?

Lack of maturity

Some tools still have bugs.

Avoiding responsibility

Everything done by servers.

peer-to-peer-web.com

Decentralized Web Summit

Decentralized Web Meetups (Montreal, LA)

http://d10e.biz - The Leading Conference on Decentralization

#DecentralizedEvents

dig.csail.mit.edu - Decentralized Information Group

datproject.org

beakerbrowser.org

inthemesh.com

www.wired.com/story/the-decentralized-internet-is-here-with-some-glitches

ischoolonline.syr.edu/blog/what-is-the-decentralized-web

#RelatedLinks

?

#Questions

await setTimeout(() => {
   questions.map(question => {
      new Error.throw(question)
   })
}, 50000)

Thank you, all!

https://slides.com/hwclass/peer-to-peer-web-with-decentralized-apps

Peer-to-Peer Web with Decentralized Apps

By Barış Güler

Peer-to-Peer Web with Decentralized Apps

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