Help your browser
to perform at its best!

Fronteers bijeenkomst, 24 april 2014

Jeroen Moors

I'm a freelance consultant.






@jeroenmoors
http://jeroen.is
jeroen.moors@fluoline.net
+32 475 71 42 49


Stijn: Jeroen, do you want to give a talk?

Jeroen: For Fronteers?

Stijn: Yes

Jeroen: Fuck Ja, but I'm not really a Fronteer

Stijn: No worries, pick a subject

Jeroen: Maybe performance?

Stijn: Yeah! Sounds good

Jeroen: Dan gaan we buzze geven in Antwerpen

My Simple Classification Model



Frontend people - 100% CSGBWEJ

Backend people - 50% CSGBWEJ

Infrastructure geeks - 0% CSGBWEJ



Chance of Seducing Girl in Bar When Explaining Job

But, it works on my computer...


Let's go surfing!






You enter an url...





Bang!

Where the f*ck do you want to go?


performance.dev.fluoline.net



DNS


Setup TCP-connection


HTTP Request


GET /frontend/basic.html HTTP/1.1
Accept:text/html,application/xhtml+xml,...
Accept-Encoding:gzip,deflate,sdch
Accept-Language:nl,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6,fr;q=0.4,th;q=0.2
Cache-Control:max-age=0
Connection:keep-alive
Host:performance.dev.fluoline.net
If-Modified-Since:Sat, 19 Apr 2014 15:26:10 GMT
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36...

HTTP Response

HTTP/1.x 200 OK
Connection:Keep-Alive
Date:Thu, 23 Apr 2014 12:51:35 GMT
Keep-Alive:timeout=15, max=98
Server:Apache/2.2.22 (Ubuntu)
Vary:Accept-Encoding
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Performance Demo</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css"> </head> <body> <h1>Hello world!</h1> <p>What would a web page be without a cat?</p> <img src="img/cat_red.png" alt="A cat" id="cat"> <img src="img/mouse_red_small.png" alt="A mouse" id="mouse"> <p>And a <a href="#" id="link">link</a> to a mouse.</p> ...

HTML


Parse HTML into trees




DOM Tree


Download more...





Paint!






Navigation Timing API


 window.addEventListener("load", function() {
  setTimeout(function() {
    var timing = window.performance.timing;
    var userTime = timing.loadEventEnd - timing.navigationStart;
    var dns = timing.domainLookupEnd - timing.domainLookupStart;
    var connection = timing.connectEnd - timing.connectStart;
    var requestTime = timing.responseEnd - timing.requestStart;
    var fetchTime = timing.responseEnd - timing.fetchStart;

    // use timing data
  }, 0);
}, false);

http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/CR-navigation-timing-20110315/

Measure!!



Navigation Timing API


http://kaaes.github.io/timing/


WBench


https://github.com/desktoppr/wbench

Google Analytics


Other tools


YSlow

Google Page Speed

New Relic




Avoid redirects





 Reduce the number of different domain names

DNS prefetching


 <link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//somehost.tld" />

Reduce the number of http requests


Combine javascript and CSS

CSS Sprites (larger images as well)

Inline images, javascript and CSS

Client side caching...

Client side caching


Cache images, JS & CSS for ever!

 <img src="/img/logo.png" alt="Company Logo" width="42" height="42">

 <img src="/img/logo_1.png" alt="Company Logo" width="42" height="42">

Reduce the size of the traffic

GZIP

Minify

Right image types & size (optimized)

Avoid 404-errors


Remove dead links

Provide a fav icon




HAVE THE BACKEND 
GUYS WRITE COOL CODE!



  



CSS on top



Javascript in the bottom

 <script src="file.js" defer></script>

CSS Optimal rule definition


body * {...}
.hide-scrollbars * {...}
ul li a {...}


.cool-class {...}
#one-and-one-only-id {...}

CSS Remove unused rules


.a-class-once-used {
margin:0;
padding:0;
border:0
}#a-id-with-no-use {
word-spacing:30px;
margin-left:200px;
background:#5d9ab2 url("img_tree.png") no-repeat top left;
}

http://unused-css.com/

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/dust-me-selectors/

Specify a character set






 Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8

Avoid reflow



 chromium-browser --show-paint-rects

Fake it!



Browsers evolve


Go and play!


Slides




Feedback, questions, ...

@jeroenmoors
jeroen.moors@fluoline.net

help your browser to perform at its best

By Jeroen Moors

help your browser to perform at its best

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