Next Generation Web Apps!

Kamlesh Chandnani

Frontend Engineer @Mobisy

@_kamlesh_

What is PWA?

A web app which is progressively enhanced as support for new web APIs gets added to the browser.

What web can do?

Why PWA?

 

Even though PWAs have been around for more than two years now, there are still a bunch of misconceptions about them

  1. Works only in Chrome
  2.  Can’t be as smooth as native apps
  3. No full-screen mode
  4.  Have to be SPAs
  5. Building offline-first isn’t worth it etc.

Progressive Web Apps are mature enough for players like Twitter, AliBaba, Flipkart because of the following key benefits:

  1. 3x more time spent on site.
  2. 40% higher re-engagement rate.
  3. 70% greater conversion rate among those arriving via Add to Homescreen.
  4. 3x lower data usage.
     

Hardware access includes

  • geolocation — supported in the vast majority of browsers
  • Camera and microphone via the getUserMedia/Stream and the upcoming MediaStream Image Capture APIs
  • Device vibration
  • Screen orientation and accelerometer access, including compass and gyroscope, battery status

Upcoming hardware access

Traditionally native features that PWAs can also use

How To convert your WA into PWA?

Existing WA

Responsiveness

Webapp Manifest

Service Worker

=   PWA

Next Generation Apps @mobisy

Why we adopted PWA?

  • Write once, run anywhere.

  • We can build PWAs using Web Technologies, which are already there and we all are familiar with them since ages.

  • Remote Updates - We don't have to explicitly go to play store and make our app available for new updates.
     

  • One design works across devices (No visual appearance changes because of the native platforms iOS / Android).

  • Share each and every page as we don't have screens but url's that identifies them.

How did we utilize the capabilities of PWA?

Offline Transactions

  • At Mobisy we built Bizom which is a Mobile first Saas solution to increase sales force productivity.
     
  • Saas products are fundamentally different from mass consumer products when it comes to transactional (CRUD) operations.
     
  • The prime requirement for our apps is to be usable even when device connectivity is slow, unreliable or absent. These conditions are real for our 100k+ users who are sales executive and visit retailers across India.
     
  • Till now every tech giant have utilized the capabilities of PWA which have to deal with just the View and User engagement parts of the application. But the mystery of offline user actions which lead to some transactions such as create, update, delete remains unsolved

Where To?

Tech

Stack

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

Dexie

Webpack

Service Worker

Lighthouse

React

React

React is a declarative, efficient, and flexible JavaScript library for building user interfaces.

React is Fast?

Frameworks can be fast if we put the work in

React

Redux

Redux

Redux is a predictable state container for JavaScript apps.

  • Redux is the implementation of Flux architecture.
     
  • Redux architecture revolves around a strict unidirectional data flow.

React

Redux

React-Router v4

React Router

  • Learn Once, Route Anywhere
  • React Router is a collection of navigational components that compose declaratively with your application. Whether you want to have bookmarkable URLs for your web app or a composable way to navigate in React Native, React Router works wherever React is rendering--so take your pick

Sample Code

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

ES6

  • ECMAScript 6, also known as ECMAScript 2015, is the latest version of the ECMAScript standard.
     
  • ES6 is a significant update to the language, and the first update to the language since ES5 was standardized in 2009.

Some of the features of ES6

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

Dexie

Dexie

  • A wrapper over native IndexedDB
     
  • SQL like API's
     
  • Fits best for offline storage
     
  • Asynchronous
     
  • Promise Based API's.
     

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

Dexie

Webpack

Webpack

Webpack is a module bundler for modern JavaScript applications.

"Fast is a product of using your framework well & intelligently loading via your bundler."

Code Splitting - What it looks like

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

Dexie

Webpack

Service Worker

Service Worker

"Try not to keep the main thread busy."

  • A service worker is a script that your browser runs in the background, separate from a web page, opening the door to features that don't need a web page or user interaction.
     
  • Today, they already include features like push notifications and background sync.

React

Redux

React-Router v4

ES6

Dexie

Webpack

Service Worker

Lighthouse

Lighthouse

"Less code loaded better, improves performance."

  • Automated tool for improving the quality of web pages
     
  • It has audits for performance, accessibility, progressive web apps, and more

Before

After

Drum Rolls

Online Resources

Q&A?

Next Generation Web Apps

By Kamlesh Chandnani

Next Generation Web Apps

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