The OER universitas

 Access and Justice in Open,  Distance and Online Learning

Wayne Mackintosh

Acknowledgements

Books by flockine dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Attributions

 

Gears by Pexels dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0 

Jeans and credit cards by TheDigitalWay dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Seventh sense by woodleywonderworks licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Building and clouds by MichaelGaida dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Crowd by James Cridland licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Coin bar graph by PublicDomainPictures dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Open windows by PrestPhoto dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Semi-free range chickens by woodleywonderworks licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Gift by blickpixel dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0 

Yellow ballon by harxtec dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Vegetables by janua2000 dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Books by flockine dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Dried up by Engin Akyurt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Eating by Anemone123 dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Open umbrellas by carlmaxwelllewin dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Tug of war by Robert Clemens licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic 

Tux / GNU logos  licensed under the Free Art License

Ubuntu wall paper by Abyss Alpha Coders free for personal non-commercial use

Globe by diegomyo dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Redlining work of an officer of the US government under the public domain in US territory.

Sapling by Jason Scragz licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Attributions (continued)

Binary man by Geralt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Technology grid by Geralt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Network cables by blickpixel dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Graduation by paseidon dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Hand shake puzzle by PublicDomainPictures dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Green paint by JTPatriot dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Conservation light bulb by Alexas Fotos dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Baby feet by Alicia Zinn dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Seagull sky flight by maleifl dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

License

OER Foundation. 2017.

Unless stated otherwise, the presentation is licensed as follows. Selected screenshots are used under the provisions of fair dealing. Institutional logos are all rights reserved.

Avocado halves by Kaz dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Let's begin ...

Yellow ballon by harxtec dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

A rhetorical question

One child dies every 10 seconds from malnutrition  

Marginal cost of duplicating digital knowledge

=

ZERO

Eating by Anemone123 dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Dried up by Engin Akyurt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Vegetables by janua2000 dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

A return to academic tradition?

WE MUST BE FREE

WE MUST BE OPEN

ACCESS TO THIS PAGE WAS BLOCKED
YOU MAY NOT VIEW THIS PAGE

Share, Remix, Reuse

"Legitimate plagiarism?"

Seventh sense by woodleywonderworks licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Definitions

 

Access in ODL

Removal of barriers to participate in higher education

Two parts

Access and social justice in a digital world

Practical demonstration

1

ISSUES

2

OER SOLUTIONS

Open for access

but not for participation

Open umbrellas by carlmaxwelllewin dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Education - fundamental human right?

 

 Everyone has the right to education.

Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages... Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 26)

Constant tension

Access | Social justice

Sustainable education

Removing barriers through ODL

Reinforce inequalities

An early ODL pioneer

 

In 1946, UNISA pioneered university-level distance education

"Given the political history of South Africa and the legacy of the apartheid years, UNISA has played a very important role in giving access to high quality tertiary education to previously disadvantaged groups."  Unisa website

#Feesmustfall

Do only the rich deserve education?

#Millionstudentmarch

Tuition-free public college

Cancellation of all student debt

$15 Minimum wage for campus workers

Preparing for work in a digital age

2016 Global Internet Report

India passed USA to become #2 global user market behind China

Largest smartphone market is Asia-Pacific comprising 52% of total usage

25% of population in Africa are internet users with only 1% having broadband

Digital redlining

 

Redlining refers to the US National Housing Act of 1934 where maps were colour coded for making loans differentially available

"Digital justice isn't only about who has access but also about what kind of access they have, how its regulated, and how good it is." Chris Gilliard 2016

Net neutrality

India's telecoms regulator orders mobile operator to discontinue Facebook's "Free Basics" service

The problem

 

Supply | Demand

Building and clouds by MichaelGaida dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Future of the ODL university

"Thirty years from now the big university campuses will be relics. Universities won’t survive. It’s as large a change as when we first got the printed book"

Peter Drucker, 1997

10

20

DOWN

TO GO

Financial pressure in ODL

Coates' review

"Unless significant changes are made – and soon – AU will face a financial crisis early in 2018"

AU should rebrand itself as “the leading Canadian centre for online learning."

Financial pressure in ODL continues

"Institution plans to save 25% of annual budget ... and reinvest in digital transformation."

MissionU

 

Study for free. Contribute 15% of your income for just 3 years when earning $50,000 or more

Modern States

 

Unsatisfied demand for HE

 100 Million additional places by 2025

Crowd by James Cridland licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

BIG vision for a small charity

But what if ...

Institutions assembled only 2 courses from OER

Agreed to provide assessment services for formal credit?

How does OERu work?

Gears by Pexels dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0 

Smart philanthropy

 

Gift by blickpixel dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0 

Giving is receiving

Parallel learning universe | Sustainable revenue streams

OERu concept

 

Global sharing - Affordable learning

 

The business of open?

 

Jeans and credit cards by TheDigitalWay dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Cost levers for OER

 

Marginal cost of duplicating digital

= Near ZERO

Cooperative development

 = Cheaper than doing it alone

Coin bar graph by PublicDomainPictures dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Disaggregated service provision model

Traditional university

package

OERu unbundled

package

OERu open business model

 

Low cost. Low risk. High Impact

International. Intercultural.

Sharing is caring

Achieve community service goals

Reaching an unreachable market

International brand promotion

No "new money"

Improved revenue streams

OER is a renewable & sustainable resource

 

How do we achieve sustainable OER projects?

How will your institution remain sustainable without OER?

Sapling by Jason Scragz licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

OERu 1st year of study

Graduation by paseidon dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Inaugural qualification -Business

 

Certificate of Higher Education in Business (OERu)

Learning in a digital age

Principles of management

Introduction to entrepreneurship

Principles of marketing

Introduction to business

Introduction to project management

Principles of microeconomics

Principles of macroeconomics

Introduction to customer centred business

Introduction to operations management

Core courses (60 credits)

Optional courses (60 credits required)

94 credits

available

Corporate communication

Inaugural qualification - Arts

 

Certificate of General Studies (30 credits)

English for academic writing

Regional relations in Asia and the Pacific

Creating sustainable futures

Indigenous Australia

World history in the modern era

Introduction to psychology 1

Introduction to research methods in psychology

Art appreciation and techniques

Introduction to critical reasoning

Residency requirement (6 credits)

Transfer credit (24 credits)

26 credits

plus

20 credits (Business)

Critical reasoning

OERu credit transfer system

 

Hand shake puzzle by PublicDomainPictures dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Principles 

OERu partners retain decision-making authority

Operates within existing institutional policy

Institutional residency requirements respected

Outputs 

Credit transfer and credit accumulation guidelines (Approved)

Credit transfer contract (Completed)

Micro-credentials

 

See announcement on microcredentials by New Zealand Minister of Tertiary Education, Skills & Employment

Micro-credentials for credit

Role of the project manager

Initiating a project

Planning a project

Executing and closing a project

Introduction to project management

CertHE Business

Transcript credit

Green paint by JTPatriot dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Open pedagogy

 

Open windows by PrestPhoto dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

What can open do that closed can't?

Free range learning

Semi-free range chickens by woodleywonderworks licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Learning on the open web

Binary man by Geralt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

OERu open technology

Technology grid by Geralt dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

An open source ecosystem

Open planning (public & transparent record of all meetings)

Open design and development (designed for collaboration)

Open delivery (designed for learning on the internet)

Network cables by blickpixel dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Authoring and publishing technology

Author on WikiEducator

Outline of wiki pages

Publish course web site

1

2

3

4

OERu learning environment

 

Course web site

Distributed interaction tools

Live course feed

OERu technology wheel

Learning in a digital age

Sustainable innovation options

 

Conservation light bulb by Alexas Fotos dedicated to the Public Domain under Creative Commons CC0

Small OER steps

Incremental design pursuing realistic targets for sustainable OER success - Learn by doing

Opportunities for open prototypes:

Baby feet by Alicia Zinn dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

Reuse OERu open online courses as support materials

Approve and adopt one OERu course for full-fee students

1

2

Learning in a digital age (LiDA)

Course development cost

High demand

Fiscal risk

Relevant

OER capacity

Speed to market

Aim

To develop and apply digital and learning literacies critical for learning success in tertiary education for the 21st century.

Micro- courses

Digital literacies for online learning (LiDA101)

Digital citizenship (LiDA102)

Open education, copyright and open licensing in a digital world (LiDA103)

Critical media literacies and associated digital skills (LiDA104)

Approve LiDA to be offered at locally as a full-fee, full-service course

Proposal

From vision to reality

Benefits of contributing to the OERu Innovation Partnership:

Sharing costs is an economic imperative

Pooling resources creates a significant boost in capacity

Participating in partnerships with like-minded institutions creates innovations on a scale that would not be possible working alone

Seagull sky flight by maleifl dedicated to the public domain under Creative Commons CC0

LEARN MORE AT

OERu.org

AAOU 2017

By Wayne Mackintosh

AAOU 2017

Keynote presentation prepared for AAOU 2017 Conference.

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