Microsoft To-Do

React+Redux practices case study

👋 my name is Alex

All opinions are mine

and do not represent opinions of my employer

(especially       )

Microsoft To-Do

Just a To-Do list...

React

Redux

Redux-actions

ES6 + TypeScript

eslint plugins

ImmutableJS

...

Reselect

Thick Client

Telemetry

e2e tests (state machine)

Unit tests (TDD)

Snapshot tests

Feature Toggles

Legacy Code

Refactoring is hard

Too many patterns

Other clients

Naming

Docs / How-tos

Estimates

  • Team & Business context

  • Architecture

  • React practices

  • Redux practices

  • What's next?

  • Going Deeper...

Team and Business Context

Year 1: TTM

Year 2: Features

Year 3: Quality

Year 4: ???

Architecture

Architecture Principles

Data-oriented programming 

Functional programming 

CQRS

Changeability > Performance

Explicitness

Clean Architecture

Coding in the language of Domain

App vs UI vs Data

Declarativeness

Dependencies = DAG

Feature Cohesion

State Machine testing

Think "plugins"

React Practices

We use API facade

We use Render Callbacks

Render Slots

Layout Components

HOCs

More components    =    less overhead

What we have learned?

        25 items                       ~50ms

       500 items                       ~300ms

Our DnD implementation

=

 50% perf overhead

What we have learned?

Do not create custom Batchers 💩

Compose behaviours with React components mindfully

Redux Practices

ICC

=

Independently

Connected

Components

We connect

every tiny single component

to the store

ICC

Connector + Component

=

Single Domain Entity

(independent of parent context)

Think MVVM or MVP

ICC in the wild

1. Connect is partially applied

2. Index exports (component + connect)

3. Specialization goes to subdirectories

Refactored example:

ICC talk:

"View Descriptors"

Router +

State transition guards +

Context

Normalized State

Directory structure

===

state structure

State is composed of domains

1. No derived data in domains

2. Single Source of Writes

3. Represents Domain Entities

4. Indexed (byId, byOrder)

Think "a table in relational DB"

5. Dependent reducers

Example of a domain

1. Derived Data is in selectors

Crucial Conventions

2. Action is handled by only one reducer

3. Actions have domain-specific names

4. Dependent actions

Side-effects in Middlewares

Snapshot testing for UI

State Machine testing for e2e

Selenium testing for acceptance

What's next?

  1. Separate builds for integrations (logic/UI reuse) 🤔

  2. Cyclic dependencies in Webpack  💩

  3. Too much code for derived data

  4. "Where do I put that?" 

More structure

State machines?

Statecharts (xState)

TLA+

SAM.js

Going deeper...

Basics

Advanced

Black Magic

📜 SAM.js

Thank you!

Questions?

Microsoft To-Do React+Redux case study

By Alexey Migutsky

Microsoft To-Do React+Redux case study

Belarus 2019

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