In Harmony with Javascript

ES6, Javascript, and You

http://slides.com/scurker/es6-javascript-and-you

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Jason Wilson

Text

Interaction Designer @ Daxko

ES6

Ha
R
Mo
Ny

welcome to the future

(of javascript)

Arrow Functions

Arrow Functions

// Ye Old Javascript
var evenNumbers = [1,2,3,4,5,6].filter(function(num) {
  return num % 2 === 0;
});

// ES6 Harmony
var evenNumbers = [1,2,3,4,5,6].filter((num) => num % 2 === 0);

console.log(evenNumbers); // => [2,4,6]

Arrow Function Scope

var favorites = {
  name: "Jason",
  movies: ["Inception", "The Avengers", "Groundhog Day"],
  likes: function() {
    this.movies.forEach(m => console.log(`${this.name} likes ${m}`));
  }
}

favorites.likes();
// "Jason likes Inception"
// "Jason likes The Avengers"
// "Jason likes Groundhog Day"

Block Scoping

Block Scoping

var scoping = function() { 
    if(0 < 1) {
      var a = 1;
      let b = 2;
    }
    console.log(a);
    console.log(b);
}

scoping();
// 1
// ReferenceError: b is not defined

Global Scope

var a = 1;


function() {
   var b = 2;

   if(true) {
     let c =3;
   } 

}

 

Functional Scope

Block Scope

Const

Const

const numbers = [4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42];

numbers = [0];

console.log(const);
// => [4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42]

String Templates

String Templates

var suffix = 'tel';

console.log(`Ho${suffix}, Mo${suffix}, Whatcha gonna do today?`);
// Hotel, Motel, Whatcha gonna do today?

console.log(`1 + 2 = ${1 + 2}`);
// 1 + 2 = 3

Multi-line Strings

// Ye Old Javascript
var mystring = "this is \n a multiline string"

// ES6 Harmony
var mystring = `this is
a multiline string`;

console.log(mystring);
// this is
// a multiline string

Function Parameters

Default Parameters

function add(x, y=0) {
    return x + y;
}

add(1);
// => 1

add(2, 3);
// => 5

Rest Parameter

function add(a, ...values) {
    return a + values.reduce((x, y) => x + y);
}

add(1);
// => 1

add(1, 2, 3);
// => 6

add(1, 2, 3, 5);
// => 11

Spread Operator

// Array Literal
[...values, 1, 2, 3];

// Better apply
function foo(x, y, z) {}
var args = [1, 2, 3];
f.apply(null, args);

// ES6
f.apply(...args);

Promises

Welcome to...

CALLBACK HELL

.then()

is the new callback hell

A(+) Promise

var promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {

  // do something asynchronously
  foo(function(ok) {

    if(ok) {
        resolve("It's good!");
    } else {
        reject("Nope!");
    }

  });

  return promise;

});

.then()

Promise.then(function(result) {});
Promise.catch(function(err) {});

Chaining

function doSomethingAsync() {
  return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
    async(function() { 
        resolve("success!");
      });
  }
}

doSomethingAsync()
    .then(function(result) {
        // do something with result
    })
    .then(function(result) {
        // do something else result
    })
    .then(function(result) {
        // do another thing, don't think about it
    })
    .then(function(result) {
        console.log('all done!');
    });

Multiple Promises

function doSomethingAsync() {
  return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
    async(function() { 
        resolve("success!");
      });
  }
}

doSomethingAsync()
    .then(function(result) {
        return anotherPromise(result);
    })
    .then(function(result) {
        // handle the result of the second promise
    });

Enhanced Object Literals

(quite literally)

Shorthand Property Names

// Ye Old Javascript
var o = {
    a: 'a',
    b: '1',
    c: {};
};

// ES6 Harmony
var a = 'a';
var b = '1';
var c = {};
var o = { a, b, c };

Shorthand Method Names

// Ye Old Javascript
var o = {
    a: "foo",
    toString: function() {
        return this.a;
    }
};

// ES6 Harmony
var o = {
    a: "foo",
    toString() {
        return this.a;
    }
};

Computed Property Names

var whatever = 'string';
var o = {
    a: "foo",    
    ['to' + whatever.toUpperCase()]: function() {
        return this.a;
    }
};

Some Things I Left Out

  • Classes
  • Generators
  • Destructuring
  • Enhanced Iterators
  • Modules
  • Maps and Sets
  • Proxies
  • More Math
  • ...and more

Check out https://github.com/lukehoban/es6features

ES6 Harmony Today

(no, it's actually not IE)

Supports minimal ES6 features :(

Most ES6 Harmony Features are in the Preview Release

IE11 does not support most everything without shims

See https://status.modern.ie/?term=es6

Firefox 25+

node 0.11+ (with flags)

--harmony_generators
--harmony_modules
--harmony_proxies
--harmony_scoping
--harmony_collections
--harmony_iteration

Most ES6 features are available

--es_staging

Classes & Object Literals available with

Check out https://kangax.github.io/compat-table/es6/

For Full Compatibility Tables

Polyfills & Transpilers

Polyfills (Shims)

Fill in the gaps

  • Corejs - https://github.com/zloirock/core-js
  • es6-shim - https://github.com/paulmillr/es6-shim/

Transpilers

  • Babel - https://babeljs.io/
  • Traceur - https://github.com/google/traceur-compiler

Compiles ES6 into ES5 compatible code

Thanks!

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ES6, Javascript and You

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ES6, Javascript and You

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