Agent-based mobility simulation

Senozon VIA

https://pixabay.com/en/traffic-jam-stop-and-go-rush-hour-143391/

MATSim

Home

Work

Shop

Home

until 8am

9am to 6pm

6:15m to 6:30pm

from 6:45pm

walk

public

transport

walk

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Population census
Recensement de la population

 

RP

Icons on this and following slides: https://fontawesome.com // Background: Simunto VIA

- Socio-demographic attributes (age, gender, ...)

- Household structure (members, cars, ...)

- Home location

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Income tax data
Dispositif sur les revenus localisés sociaux et fiscaux

RP

FiLo
SoFi

 

- Spatial income distribution

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Origin-Destination commuting data

RP: Flux de mobilité
 

RP

RP
Mob

 

FiLoSoFi

- Work location
- Education location

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Regional household travel survey
Enquête globale de transport
 

RP

EGT

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

National household travel survey
Enquête national transports et deplacements
 

ENTD

- Activity / trip chains

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

Regional household travel survey
Enquête globale de transport
 

EGT

National household travel survey
Enquête national transports et deplacements
 

ENTD

- Activity / trip chains

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Enterprise census
Base permanente des équipements
 

RP

BPE

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

- Secondary activity locations

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Road network
OpenStreetMap
 

RP

OSM

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

Transit schedule
IDFm GTFS
 

GTFS

- Detailed road network

- Detailed public transit network

- Detailed public transit schedule

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

Travel behaviour
Discrete choice model
 

DCM

Statistical model of travel behaviour in Île-de-France

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

DCM

Scenario

Home

Work

Shop

Home

until 8am

9am to 6pm

6:15m to 6:30pm

from 6:45pm

walk

public

transport

walk

MATSim

Mobility simulation

Modification of daily plans

Analysis

Scenario

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

DCM

Scenario

...

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

DCM

Scenario

...

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

DCM

Scenario

...

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

DCM

Synthetic population of Île-de-France

Open
Data

RP

FiLoSoFi

RP Mob

EGT

ENTD

BPE

OSM

GTFS

Open
Software

+

=

Reproducible research

Verifiable results

Integrated testing

  • Detailed documentation of whole open-source pipeline is under preparation

DCM

Example: Emission analysis

Example: Emission analysis

Operator

Fleet size determines
waiting times and costs

Customers

React to prices, waiting
times and other modes

Example: AMoD

* Ruch, C., S. Hörl, J. Hakenberg, E. Frazzoli (2019) The Impact of Fleet Coordination on Taxi Operations, Under review.

Application: Efficiency of taxi services (and Uber?)

San Francisco

Chicago

Zurich

Paris ?

* Nicolas Vignot

Redesigning the Paris transport system

- Adjust sense of traffic

- Superblocks

Effects in all Île-de-France

- Commuting times

- Accessibility

- Car vs. public transit use

- Emissions

Existing capabilities

Redesigning the Paris transport system

Effects in all Île-de-France

- Commuting times

- Accessibility

- Car vs. public transit use

- Emissions

Further funding and work needed

- Extended intermodal traffic

- Cycling ...
... infrastruture
... behaviour

Agent-based model of Paris and Île-de-France

By Sebastian Hörl

Agent-based model of Paris and Île-de-France

Paris, 29 November 2019

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