Your Political Campaign
Needs a CISO

J0N J4RV1S
BSidesSLC 2017
slides.SecureUtah.org

Politicizing InfoSec Sucks

     We've gotten to this ridiculous position where aspects of infosec have become so ridiculously politicized it's become a partisan message in order to make even basic facts.

What is the CISO's role?

  • Ensure information assets and technologies are protected
     
  • Directs staff in developing, implementing, and maintaining processes to reduce information and IT risks
     
  • Respond to incidents, establish controls, manage security technologies, and direct the establishment and implementation of policies and procedures
     
  • Usually responsible for information-related compliance (US PCI DSS, FISMA, GLBA, HIPAA, etc)

What is the CISO's role?

Today’s CISOs must not only be a technical security expert; they must also be:

  • Effective risk managers with a deep understanding of the business, who can develop and drive an information security strategy and program
     
  • Successful leaders who can instill a culture of security throughout the enterprise
     
  • Great communicators who can seamlessly move from an internal IT meeting about firewall configurations to a presentation to the Board of Directors

What is the CISO's role?

What is the CISO's role?

2016 POTUS Campaigns

Trump

Clinton

Candidate raised......$973.2M

Super-PACs raised....$217.5M
Total, Dec '16.........$1,190.7M

Candidate raised......$564.3M

Super-PACs raised......$82.3M
Total, Dec '16...........$646.8M

Clinton staff, Aug '16.......800

Total staff, Oct '16..........5,138

Trump staff, Aug '16..........130

Total staff, Oct '16..........1,409

*

*

*

i can has security?

Email Servers

 Candidate's Server Accidentally Leaked Résumés of More Than 20 Aspiring Interns *

Misconfigured Amazon S3 bucket

+ guess obvious file names

= anyone can download the files

CloudSec

 Ex-Vendor's Server Accidentally Leaked Personal Information of Campaign Donors *

Misconfigured Amazon S3 bucket

+ former vendor did not purge data

= personal information leaked

CloudSec

  • Apply access and security controls to your data

  • Audit the controls and review the access logs

  • Know what data your vendors hold

  • Require vendors to purge data when contract ends

  • Know the value of the data you collect -

    • What's used to prove your identity to Gmail, Twitter, Facebook, and many other websites?

    • Personal email address + mobile phone number

Lessons Learned

Email Servers

WebSec

  • Mischief-Makers in the Middle 

    • Code Injectors

    • Cookie Thieves

    • End-point Imposters

    • VPN & Tor Exit Nodes

  • Eavesdroppers 

    • Dodgy ISPs

    • Nosy Nations

    • WiFi Snoopers

    • Perversive Trackers

HTTPS or GTFO

Strong end-to-end encryption defends against:

WebSec

 Submit a Pull Request to Inject Arbitrary JavaScript Into a Website Donation Page *

Website loads code directly from public repo

+ repo owner changes code

= website serves arbitrary code to visitors

 Submit a Pull Request to Inject Arbitrary JavaScript Into a Website Donation Page *

WebSec

 A Political Appointee to a Cyber Security  Position Had a Really Insecure Website *

Lend your name to a security consulting firm

+ website software is all kinds of bad

= InfoSec Twitter all in a tizzy

WebSec

WebSec

text

WebSec

  • Audit your codebase

  • Hire competent vendors

  • Audit your vendors' work

  • Secure your website if you depend on it for anything important

Lessons Learned

Email Servers

Email Servers

Happy reading!

#CampaignSec is tough...

...but what if you win?

Your family and staff are now high-value targets for every foreign intelligence agency, bored hacker, and motivated criminal group in the world!

Congratulations!

Congratulations!

Which Android phone does the President use? *

MobileSec

MobileSec

    The working assumption should be that [the President's] phone is compromised by at least one—probably multiple—hostile foreign intelligence services and is actively being exploited.

    Anyone around the President should presume they are being actively recorded by hostile powers, regardless of location, unless they are positive the phone is out of the room.

You've been elected to be the POTUS

+ your adversary is $NATIONSTATE

= your devices are gonna have a bad time

MobileSec

  • Inventory the devices you need to defend
  • You better be threat modeling
  • Effectively communicate your threats
  • Know when to bring in outside expertise

Lessons Learned

Credential Management

...oops

Credential Management

  • People make mistakes - be prepared
  • Audit your authentication services
  • Have a plan to rotate VIP credentials 
  • Test your incident response plan

Lessons Learned

Blue Feed, Red Feed

See Liberal Facebook and Conservative Facebook, Side by Side

A Misinformed Citizenry

This is How Your Hyperpartisan
Political News Gets Made

“Those websites are marketing websites,” he said after looking at the content, “and the product they’re pitching is outrage.”

Fake News ain't new

A Misinformed Citizenry

1953 - National Enquirer converts to a sensationalist tabloid

American Media, Inc. owns

Star, The Globe, The National Enquirer, Weekly World News, and other similar publications

A good news article has:

  1. Attribution - for each fact, how does the reporter know it?
     
  2. Particularity - if the story offers specific facts, does it connect them to the thesis of the article?
     
  3. Corroboration - a reliable story based on an anonymous source will corroborate elements of the source's story in a meaningful way for the reader.

Critical analysis is critical

Do political candidates really need a CISO?

Thank you!

Your Political Campaign Needs a CISO

By J0NJ4RV1S

Your Political Campaign Needs a CISO

Future candidates for major political positions need a CISO.

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