Memphis Python User Group
Who is this guy!?
What is vagrant?
Tool for building complete dev environments
Easy to use workflow
Focus on automation
Lowers Dev Environment setup time
- Increase Dev / Live Environment Parity
Vagrant configures a Provider
Provisioners Configure the VM
Vagrant use case
Spin up a server for:
- Test versions of your web app
- Test group policy permissions
- Test system updates before live
Spin up a desktop for:
- Test versions of your system app
- Isolate your development tools
Test system updates before live
How do you currently configure your environment?
Stop manually installing apps and configuring settings!
Chef - Cookbook based
Puppet - Manifest based
Shell (Batch Files) - Who doesn't love the shell?!
Why manually do something when your can let your provisioner do it for you?
Vagrant boxen are insecure, defaults to vagrant/vagrant
Vagrant uses Windows Remote Management tool (WinRM) to interact with your box
User Access Control (UAC) is a bad idea*
You will also need vagrant-windows plugin
User Access control*
In general, UAC is a bad idea because it likes to interfere with vagrants handling of your machine.**
If you're wanting to test UAC, be weary of any odd things may be a result of vagrant and UAC being enabled**
** I am not a windows guy, Brian made me do this. Feel free to correct me!
Go download a vagrant box!
You all have to deal with licensing...
Let's make a vagrant box!
First we have to create a Virtual Machine...
- install a base windows system
- install guest additions
- create vagrant user as admin
- turn off UAC
- disable complex passwords*
- disable shutdown tracker
- disable server manager starting
- Enable and configure WinRM
- WinRM 1.1 needs more tweaks
Save the VM as a box
c:\>vagrant package --base VM-Name --output MyFirstBox.box
- halt the VM
- export the VM
- compress the VM
What you will have is "MyFirstBox.box"
Add the new Vagrant box
Now that we have MyFirstBox.box, we need to add it to vagrant's available boxes.
c:\>vagrant box add MyFirstBox MyFirstBox.box
This will import the box into vagrant and when this process completes:
c:\>vagrant box list
You should see "MyFirstBox" in the list of available boxes
Creating the vagrant file
Create a folder to hold our Vagrant Project
C:\> cd VagrantRocks
This will put a Vagrantfile in VagrantRocks/
Edit Vagrant file based on the sample found here:
Tweaking the Vagrant File
You will likely need to change the forwarded port 3389 if you have Remote Desktop enabled.
Feel free to use my sample as a guide:
The Vagrant File
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
# Configure base box parameters
config.vm.box = "MyFirstBox"
# config.vm.box_url = "./vagrant-windows7x64box"
config.vm.guest = :windows
config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb|
vb.gui = true
config.windows.set_work_network = "1"
config.winrm.host = "localhost"
# Port forward WinRM and RDP
config.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 3389, host: 3389
config.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 5985, host: 5985, id: "winrm", auto_correct: true