Introduction to Firebase Cloud Function
Sending email using Firebase Cloud Function

What is Cloud Function?

 

Cloud Functions for Firebase. In a nutshell, they are small pieces of stand-alone JavaScript functions which are deployed to Firebase servers and executed in response to various events — such as a change in Firebase Database or a new user login, without the need to manage a server.

Why Use Cloud Functions?

  • Bootstrap your server side development —Cloud Functions for Firebase manages the infrastructure for you, so the only thing left is to write your business logic without any reference to the environment (scale, users, etc…).

  • Function types — The functions can be triggered by: Realtime database changes, authentication, analytics, Cloud Storage and HTTP trigger. These triggers cover everything that is needed for your Firebase app including integrations to other cloud services.
  • Easy to monitor — Firebase provides statistics & logs for every function, as well as integration with Google Stackdriver for complex monitoring.

 

  • Easy to deploy — Deploy Cloud Functions for Firebase is very simple. You only need to run the deploy command with firebase-tools and your functions are good to go.
> firebase deploy --only functions    

> firebase deploy --only functions:welcomeEmail

What Can We Do with Cloud Functions?

How to start sending email using Firebase Cloud Function ?

 1. Installing Firebase CLI via npm
> npm install -g firebase-tools

  2.  Initialize the firebase project

> firebase init functions
myproject
 +- .firebaserc    # Hidden file that helps you quickly switch between
 |                 # projects with `firebase use`
 |
 +- firebase.json  # Describes properties for your project
 |
 +- functions/     # Directory containing all your functions code
      |
      +- package.json  # npm package file describing your Cloud Functions code
      |
      +- index.js      # main source file for your Cloud Functions code
      |
      +- node_modules/ # directory where your dependencies (declared in
                       # package.json) are installed

Send Welcome Email On User Creation

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const nodemailer = require('nodemailer');

const mailTransport = nodemailer.createTransport(
`smtps://test.user@gmail.com:test@123@smtp.gmail.com`);

exports.sendWelcomeEmail = functions.auth.user().onCreate(event => {
  
  const user = event.data; 
  const email = user.email; 
  const displayName = user.displayName;

  const APP_NAME = 'Demo App';

  const mailOptions = {
    from: `${APP_NAME}`,
    to: email
  };

  mailOptions.subject = `Welcome to Demo App!`;
  mailOptions.text = `Hey ${displayName || ''}! Welcome to ${APP_NAME}. I hope you will enjoy our service.`;
  return mailTransport.sendMail(mailOptions).then(() => {
    console.log('New welcome email sent to:', email);
  });
});

Send Good Bye Email On User Deletion

exports.sendByeEmail = functions.auth.user().onDelete(event => {

  const user = event.data;
  const email = user.email;
  const displayName = user.displayName;

   const mailOptions = {
    from: `${APP_NAME}`,
    to: email
  };

  mailOptions.subject = `Bye!`;
  mailOptions.text = `Hey ${displayName || ''}!, We confirm that we have 
                       deleted your ${APP_NAME} account.`;
  return mailTransport.sendMail(mailOptions).then(() => {
    console.log('Account deletion confirmation email sent to:', email);
  });
});

  3.  Deploy firebase functions

> firebase deploy --only functions

Resources

  • https://firebase.google.com/docs/functions/
  • https://github.com/firebase/functions-samples

Questions ?

Thank you !

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By tauqeer_ahmed

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