6 characters are enough

Javascript

Based on Jasper Cashmore article

`A Javascript journey with only six characters`

[ ] ( ) + ! 

What are 6 characters?


    Math.asin(0) // 0

The length of encoded string is ~8k characters

6 characters are really enough

Why ?

Because we can

Obfuscation or validation check *

Why.. seriously?

One of security issues

* Check some special XSS

6 characters encoding


     Function(/* any string */)()

It's about how to create function *

6 characters encoding

  • Get Function constructor
  • Encode character set

In other words it's about how to


   Function("console.log('Hello world!');")()

Any character set encoding

issue

Constuctor

issue

Now we have two issues

Let's begin

Array type convention


        +[], // 0
    [] + [], // ''
       !+[], // true
      !!+[], // false
     [][[]], // undefined

Encode number


        +true  //  1
         !+[]  //  true
        +!+[]  //  1

          +[]  //  0
        +!+[]  //  1
  +!+[] +!+[]  //  2
           ..  // ...
            .  //  9

Now we can

Numbers to strings


          +[] + [], // '0'
        +!+[] + [], // '1'
  +!+[] +!+[] + [], // '2'
                ..  // ... 
                 .  // '9'

Let's convert

Encode any number


(+!+[] + []) + (+!+[] + []) // '11'

Now we can

What about alphabet?

We have the following


	 !+[], // true
        !!+[], // false
       [][[]], // undefined

     !+[] + [], // 'true'
    !!+[] + [], // 'false'
   [][[]] + [], // 'undefined'

Expressions to strings

Let's convert


   'true'[0] // 't'
   'true'[1] // 'r'
   'true'[2] // 'u'
   'true'[3] // 'e'

We could get character from string

By the way

We could encode chars


   (!+[]+[])[0] // 't'
   (!+[]+[])[1] // 'r'
   (!+[]+[])[2] // 'u'
   (!+[]+[])[3] // 'e'

Yippee!

But we can use characters from these strings

'true', 'false', 'undefined'

How to encode 'z' for example?

There's a method from Array.prototype


                         (!!+[]+[])[+[]] // 'f'
  ([][[]]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] // 'i'
                  (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]] // 'l'
                  (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]] // 'l'

Now we can compose 'fill'

[]["fill"] + [] === 'function fill() { [native code] }'

Fill method increase our character set


[][
  (!!+[]+[])[+[]] + 
  ([][[]]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] + 
  (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]] + 
  (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]]
] + []

// 'function fill() { [native code] }'

So now we can compose 'constructor'

[]["fill"]["constructor"] === Function

Hooray! We resolved first sub-issue! 

[]["fill"]["constructor"]


[][
  /* f */ (!!+[]+[])[+[]] + 
  /* i */ ([][[]]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] + 
  /* l */ (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]] + 
  /* l */ (!!+[]+[])[+!+[]+!+[]]
][
  /* c */ ([][(![]+[])[+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]
          +(!![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])
          [!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] +
  /* o */ (!![]+[][(![]+[])[+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]
          +(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])
          [+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]])[+!+[]+[+[]]] +
  /* n */ ([][[]]+[])[+!+[]] +
  /* s */ (![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] +
  /* t */ (!![]+[])[+[]] +
  /* r */ (!![]+[])[+!+[]] +
  /* u */ ([][[]]+[])[+[]] +
  /* c */ ([][(![]+[])[+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]
          +(!![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])
          [!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]] +
  /* t */ (!![]+[])[+[]] +
  /* o */ (!![]+[][(![]+[])[+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]
          +(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])
          [+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]])[+!+[]+[+[]]] +
  /* r */ (!![]+[])[+!+[]]
]

How to encode

But what about 'z'?

''['constructor'] + [] === 'function String() { [native code] }'

Convert String constructor to string

So we can use Number.prototype.toString *

Now we can compose 'toString'


  (10).toString(36) // 'a'
  (11).toString(36) // 'b'
                 .. // ...
  (34).toString(36) // 'y'
  (35).toString(36) // 'z'

In result we can encode charset from 'a' to 'z'

Charset from 'a' to 'z'

can't provide any other character

String.fromCharCode(/* charCode */)

What about uppercase 'C'?

How to get 'C' for 'fromCharCode'


                                       ''["bold"]()    // '<b></b>'
  []["fill"]["constructor"]("return escape('<')")()    // '%3C'
  []["fill"]["constructor"]("return escape('<')")()[2] // 'C'

Yeah, that it is!

Yippee! We have resolved second sub-issue!

Now any character can be encoded

'String.fromCharCode(256)'

will be encoded in ~11k characters

But by the way

Note that

There's not one way only to collect alphabet's charsets

JSFuck

JSFuck is an esoteric and educational programming style based on the atomic parts of JavaScript. It uses only six different characters to write and execute code.

Hieroglyphy

Transform any javascript code to an equivalent sequence of ()[]{}!+ characters that runs in the browser!

Do you want to play with it?

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'Thanks'

Javascript. 6 characters are enough

By Ufocoder

Javascript. 6 characters are enough

What are 6 characters? [ ] ( ) + !

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