Sockets bring light at the end of the tunnel

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@joel__lord

Real-time live slides, see my Twitter account

@joel__lord

About me

  • Javascript Junkie
  • Tinkerer
  • Technology enthusiast

@joel__lord

#ConFoo

What's that ?

  • WebSocket is a protocol providing full-duplex communications channels over a single TCP connection. The WebSocket protocol was standardized by the IETF as RFC 6455 in 2011, and the WebSocketAPI in Web IDL is being standardized by the W3C.

#ConFoo

@joel__lord

Normal HTTP Requests

Polling

Long Polling

Web Sockets

Pros

  • Bi-directional data transfers
  • Fast 
  • Low bandwith 

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@joel__lord

Cons

...

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@joel__lord

Cons

  • Lose the caching capabilities built in XHR and HTTP
  • Architectural changes in the application

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@joel__lord

Real world cases

  • Real time synchronization of data amongst a group of users (trello.com)
  • Live feeds (twitter stream)
  • Long server processes and providing ETAs to users
  • Multiplayer HTML5 games
  • Chat clients (Slack)

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Using Websockets with HTML5

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@joel__lord

var connection = new WebSocket('ws://somedomain/path/')

Using Websockets with HTML5

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@joel__lord

connection.onopen = function(e) {
  console.log("Connected");
};

connection.onmessage = function(e) {
  console.log( "Received: " + e.data);
};

connection.onclose = function(e) {
  console.log("Connection closed");
};

Sending data to the server

#ConFoo

@joel__lord

//Strings
connection.send('this is a string');

//Array Buffers
var image = aCanvas.getImageData(0, 0, 640, 480);
var binary = new Uint8Array(image.data.length);
for (var i = 0; i < image.data.length; i++) {
  binary[i] = image.data[i];
}
connection.send(binary.buffer);

//Blobs
var myFile = document.querySelector('input[type="file"]').files[0];
connection.send(myFile);

//JSON objects ?
var jsonObject = JSON.stringify({"data": "value"});
connection.sent(jsonObject);

Websocket libraries

  • Ratchet (php)
  • Jetty (Java)
  • socket.io (node.js)

#ConFoo

@joel__lord

Using socket.io

  • Server and client-side implementation

  • Falls back to long polling when necessary (IE 9)

  • Adds features like heartbeats, timeouts, and disconnection support not provided in WebSocket API

  • Easy stuff !

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@joel__lord

Client implementation

<body>

<input type="text" id="textField" />
<button type="button" id="sendMsg">Send</button>
<textarea id="msgBox"></textarea>

</body>
<script src="/socket.io/socket.io.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var socket = io();

    document.getElementById("sendMsg").onclick = function() {
        socket.emit("messageFromClient", {text: document.getElementById("textField").value});
    };

    socket.on("messageFromServer", function(data) {
        document.getElementById("msgBox").value += data.text;
    });

</script>

#ConFoo

@joel__lord

Server implementation

//Express server setup
var express = require("express");
var app = express();
var server = require("http").createServer(app);
var port = 8888;

server.listen(port, function () {
    console.log("Server started on port " + port);
});

app.use(express.static(__dirname + "/../"));

//Socket setup

var io = require("socket.io")(server);
io.on("connection", function (socket) {
    socket.on("messageFromClient", function (data) {
        socket.broadcast("messageFromServer", data);
    });
});

#ConFoo

@joel__lord

Code time !

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@joel__lord

Questions ?

@joel__lord

http://github.com/joellord

me@joel-lord.com

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@joel__lord

Sockets Bring Light At The End Of The Tunnel

By Joel Lord

Sockets Bring Light At The End Of The Tunnel

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