Websockets 101: using socket.io

About me

@joel__lord

http://github.com/joellord

jlord@macadamian.com

What's that ?

  • WebSocket is a protocol providing full-duplex communications channels over a single TCP connection. The WebSocket protocol was standardized by the IETF as RFC 6455 in 2011, and the WebSocketAPI in Web IDL is being standardized by the W3C.

Browser support

  • Firefox 11+
  • Chrome 11+
  • Safari 6+
  • Opera 12.10
  • Android Browser 4.4
  • Internet Explorer 10+

Pros

  • Bi-directional data transfers
  • Fast 
  • Low bandwith 

Cons

...

Real world cases

  • Real time synchronization of data amongst a group of users (trello.com)
  • Live feeds (twitter stream)
  • Long server processes and providing ETAs to users

Websocket libraries

  • Ratchet (php)
  • Jetty (Java)
  • socket.io (node.js)

Using socket.io

  • Easy stuff !

Server implementation

//Express server setup
var express = require("express");
var app = express();
var server = require("http").createServer(app);
var port = 8888;

server.listen(port, function () {
    console.log("Server started on port " + port);
});

app.use(express.static(__dirname + "/../"));

//Socket setup

var io = require("socket.io")(server);
io.on("connection", function (socket) {
    socket.on("messageFromClient", function (data) {
        socket.broadcast("messageFromServer", data);
    });
});

Client implementation

<body>

<input type="text" id="textField" />
<button type="button" id="sendMsg">Send</button>
<textarea id="msgBox"></textarea>

</body>
<script src="/socket.io/socket.io.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var socket = io();

    document.getElementById("sendMsg").onclick = function() {
        socket.emit("messageFromClient", {text: document.getElementById("textField").value});
    };

    socket.on("messageFromServer", function(data) {
        document.getElementById("msgBox").value += data.text;
    });

</script>

Code time !

Questions ?

@joel__lord

http://github.com/joellord

jlord@macadamian.com

Websockets 101: Using socket.io

By Joel Lord

Websockets 101: Using socket.io

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