Future Teachers'
Critical thinking & multi-literacy

Florent Michelot
Le 29 novembre 2019

Beyond Fake News

  • Boy & Michelat (1986): Among  professional categories, teachers were among the most open to certain beliefs
  • Ede (2000), Genovese (2005): Despite the increasing accessibility to science, paranormal beliefs are still strong

Teachers are not immune...

Boy et Michelat (1986)

Critical thnking definition based on russel

Ability to draw on a wide range of skills, dispositions and attitudes that form an intellectual and moral virtue that allows both the revision of one's own judgments and reject inappropriate assumptions.

A comparative study with 3 French-speaking nations

A comparative study with 3 French-speaking nations

The theorical presupposition of the research

3 tools

  • CritTSE : a scale to measure critical thinking self-efficacy
    • Based on Confidence subscale of the CriTT (Stupple & al., 2017)
  • MASE : a scale to measure metaliteracic assessment (i.e. reconceptualisation of information literacy) self-efficacy
    • Based on Evaluate information aspects of Metaliteracy Goals & Objectives (Mackey & Jacobson, 2018)
  • CT score : a "measurement" critical thinking test
    • Based on a reducted HCTA short version (Halpern, 2016)

self-efficacy seems to have a slight effect


CT self-efficacy

CT self-efficacy

Metaliteracy self-efficacy

However, french-speaking Quebecers self-efficacy is good

... and the level of critical thinking is affected

By complicating the model...

Critical thinking score can be partially explained with:

  • Country (Be, Fr, QC)
  • Type of training (professional, disciplinary)
  • Self-efficacy
  • ... and the anticipation of becoming a teacher


Critical thinking score is particularly influenced:

  • positively by self-efficacy
  • negatively by professional training
  • positively by studying in Qc

other preliminary results

  • Perception of Social Media in terms of information quality:
    • The perception is much more negative in disciplinary training compared to vocationnal training
    • Social Media are universally seen as very useful tools to work / study
    • Quebeckers have a positive image of traditional media
    • There are doubts: "I tend to trust [...] I often take for granted that they have to check their information before sharing it"
  • Many said that evaluating information on the web was easier: "I find it easier to evaluate information on the web because Fake news are more easily identifiable"

Great humility among students

Students seem to have good reflexes:

  • cross-checking information
  • source evaluation
  • search for sophisms: "I remain on the lookout for fallacious reasoning as the argument of the straw man"

and some "know-how"

Is there a deficit in training?


By Florent Michelot


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