Opening Science

the Wiki Way

Toni Hermoso Pulido - @toniher

PRBB - Barcelona, June 7th 2016


About me

Open Science

Open Access

Information wants to be free

On the one hand information wants to be expensive, because it's so valuable. The right information in the right place just changes your life. On the other hand, information wants to be free, because the cost of getting it out is getting lower and lower all the time. So you have these two fighting against each other.

Stewart Brand,  Hackers Conference (1984)

Creative Commons

Creative Commons terms

Attribution (recognition)

Share-alike (copyleft)



CC-BY-SA (e. g. Wikipedia)

CC-BY-NC-ND (e. g. TED Talks)


Aaron Swartz

Aaron Swartz and Lawrence Lessig (2002) (source)

Open source

Free/Libre Software

Richard M. Stalman as Saint Ignucius


The Cathedral and the Bazaar

Eric S. Raymond (source)


Wiki-Wiki Bus, Honolulu (source)

Ward Cunningham (source)


Jimmy Wales (source)

Larry Sanger (source)

Wiki. Editor interface

Wiki. Collaboration & history

Wikipedia Five Pillars

Wikipedia is an encyclopedia

  • Content must be verifiable
    • Content must refer to reliable sources
  • No original research is allowed
  • No propaganda or marketing is allowed
  • It is not a dictionary, manual, etc.
  • It is online and real-time


  • DISCUSSION: Generalist vs specialist

Citation Needed!

Wikipedia is written from a neutral POV

  • Avoid putting opinions as facts
  • Put in context if necessary balancing
  • Notability
    • Avoid self-promotion, etc.
  • Language tone


  • DISCUSSION: Conflict of interest
  • DISCUSSION: Implicit bias

Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit and distribute

  • Nobody "owns" an article
    • Your content can be changed completely
  • No plagiarism or copy without permission is allowed
  • Copyright must be respected
    • Only libre content is allowed (some exceptions apply - FAIR USE)

Be Bold!

Editors should treat each other with respect and civility

Wikipedia has no firm rules

Wikipedia as a community

An encyclopedia anyone can edit

Bots can also edit!

Diderobot (source)


Gene Wiki


Other Wikimedia projects

Wikimedia Commons


Wikidata. Elements

Wikidata. Entries

Wikidata. Entries

Wikidata. Querying (SPARQL)

Before: DBpedia


Wikis outside Wikimedia

Working the wiki way



Bioinformatics Unit - CRG

Proteomics Unit - CRG


Thursday morning 9th June 2016:

first PRBB biomedical edit-a-thon!

Opening Science the Wiki Way


Opening Science the Wiki Way

Presentation about Open Science and Wiki technologies, Wikipedia and their underlying principles

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