Angular

UX Mastery

 

 

with

 

Flex-Layout

Presented by:

Thomas Burleson

Thomas Burleson

@ThomasBurleson

http://linkedin.com/in/ThomasBurleson

ThomasBurleson@gmail.com

Team Lead, AngularJS Material

AngularJS Material

~3400 Forks

~15.5K Stars

~1K Watches

Thanks to Brad Green, Naomi Black, and Google.

Angular-Master-Class Trainer  +  Angular Consultant

40+ articles on blog.thoughtram.io

Angular

Flex-Layout

v2.0.0-beta.8

~1K Stars

Angular Flex-Layout ?

Before What...

Let's first talk Why...

HTML Layout ?

  • Position elements in a HTML page
  • Adjust element position & size
    • relative to parent container
    • relative to sibling elements

 

 

HTML Layout ?

sample layout

Layout Techniques

  • Table
  • Float, Position, Clear
  • Grids 
  • FlexBox CSS
  • Constraint CSS

 

Why FlexBox CSS

Box model optimized for user interfaces

Why FlexBox CSS

  • Grids are for 2-D Layouts

  • FlexBox is for 1-D Flows

 

Think about container FLOW

 

How to Think about FlexBox ?

Think about child SIZE

 

  • Flows = horizontal or vertical

  • Sizes = fixed or ratios

Why FlexBox CSS

FlexBox === Containers + Children

  • Containers define flow direction
  • Child define size, offsets, order
  • Containers can be nested

 

FlexBox Layout Flows ?

FlexBox Layout Flows !

... start outside containers to inside.

FlexBox Layout Flows !

FlexBox Layout Flows !

FlexBox Layout Flows !

FlexBox Layout Flows !

... consider flows as outside - in

FlexBox Child Sizes

Layout Techniques

  • <table> 

  • FlexBox CSS

  • Layout CSS

 

retrospective

Using HTML Tables

  • Verbose markup
  • Nesting is complicated
  • Maintenance nightmare

Using FlexBox CSS

Using FlexBox CSS

  • Manually define CSS
  • Requires In-Depth Knowledge
  • Requires Experience for Browser Bugs
  • Requires Prefixing
  • Not Angular-Native

Using AngularJS Material

Layout CSS

  • Embedded FlexBox CSS 
  • Directive assign classnames
  • CSS > 250K
  • CSS Specificity Issue
  • Slightly Fragile

Using AngularJS Material

Layout CSS

www.github.com/angular/flex-layout

  • Stand-alone Library 
  • No CSS Stylesheet 
  • Typescript Implementation
  • Inline CSS, Dynamically Injected
  • Static API
  • Responsive API
  • Independent of Angular Material
  • Angular CLI Integration

Using

Angular Flex-Layout

Browser Support

http://caniuse.com/#feat=flexbox

npm install --save @angular/flex-layout@latest
import { FlexLayoutModule }
    from '@angular/flex-layout';
...
@NgModule({
  imports: [FlexLayoutModule],
  ...
})
export class AppModule { }

Import Angular Flex-Layout NgModule

Install Angular Flex-Layout components

v2.0.0-beta.14

  • Directives used in HTML 
  • Declarative
  • Supports Data-Binding
  • Builds CSS - Dynamic Injected Inline
  • Supports Change Detection 
  • Includes fxHide and  fxShow  features
  • Performant

@angular/flex-layout

Static API

fxLayout
 
fxLayoutWrap
 
fxLayoutGap
 
fxLayoutAlign
 

<div fxLayout="row" 
    fxLayout.xs="column"> </div>

<div fxLayoutWrap> </div>

<div fxLayoutGap="10px"> </div>

<div fxLayoutAlign="start stretch">
</div>

@angular/flex-layout

Static API

API for DOM Containers

@angular/flex-layout

Static API

API for container children

fxFlex
 
fxFlexOrder
 
fxFlexOffset
 
fxFlexAlign
 
fxFlexFill
 

<div fxFlex="1 2 
calc(15em + 20px)"></div>


<div fxFlexOrder="2"></div>

<div fxFlexOffset="20px"></div>


<div fxFlexAlign="center"></div>


<div fxFlexFill></div>

Demo 

+

Source 

This is nice ...

@angular/flex-layout

Static API

But is it reaally that special !?

Responsive UX

What do modern web apps need?

Responsive UX

Containers & elements adjust sizes & positions based on changes in window sizes

Containers & elements adapt sizes & positions based on device display sizes

UX adapts to device viewports.

Assertions for

Responsive UX

Desktop Layout

Mobile Layout

Sample

"You don't just make  a Responsive UX !

You will need..."

Flexbox CSS + MediaQuery

FlexBox + MediaQueries 

Sample

" Please tell me there is a better way! "

Responsive API

We can easily build Adaptive Applications!

@angular/flex-layout

  • using Flexbox CSS under-the-hood
  • using responsive resizing and repositioning
  • using markup in the HTML layer
  • without worrying about MediaQueries

Responsive API

@angular/flex-layout

  • Uses Material Design: BreakPoint specifications
  • Use MediaQuery range definitions

Material Design

Published industry specs for ranges of viewport sizes. The transition between ranges are a known as BreakPoints.

Media Queries + Aliases

Breakpoint Alias mediaQuery
xs 'screen and (max-width: 599px)'
sm 'screen and (min-width: 600px) and (max-width: 959px)'
md 'screen and (min-width: 960px) and (max-width: 1279px)'
lg 'screen and (min-width: 1280px) and (max-width: 1919px)'
xl 'screen and (min-width: 1920px) and (max-width: 5000px)'

Media Queries + Aliases

Breakpoint Alias mediaQuery
lt-sm 'screen and (max-width: 599px)'
lt-md 'screen and (max-width: 959px)'
lt-lg 'screen and (max-width: 1279px)'
lt-xl 'screen and (max-width: 1919px)'
xs 'screen and (max-width: 599px)'
sm 'screen and (min-width: 600px) and (max-width: 959px)'
md 'screen and (min-width: 960px) and (max-width: 1279px)'
lg 'screen and (min-width: 1280px) and (max-width: 1919px)'
xl 'screen and (min-width: 1920px) and (max-width: 5000px)'

Media Queries + Aliases

Breakpoint Alias mediaQuery
lt-sm 'screen and (max-width: 599px)'
lt-md 'screen and (max-width: 959px)'
lt-lg 'screen and (max-width: 1279px)'
lt-xl 'screen and (max-width: 1919px)'
gt-xs 'screen and (min-width: 600px)'
gt-sm 'screen and (min-width: 960px)'
gt-md 'screen and (min-width: 1280px)'
gt-lg 'screen and (min-width: 1920px)'
xs 'screen and (max-width: 599px)'
sm 'screen and (min-width: 600px) and (max-width: 959px)'
md 'screen and (min-width: 960px) and (max-width: 1279px)'
lg 'screen and (min-width: 1280px) and (max-width: 1919px)'
xl 'screen and (min-width: 1920px) and (max-width: 5000px)'

Responsive UX

Using MediaQuery + Alias, we can easily create Adaptive UX Layout ....

@angular/flex-layout

Responsive HTML  API

with the

Responsive HTML API

@angular/flex-layout

Simply append the mediaQuery alias to the API:

fxLayout.sm           = "..."

fxLayoutAlign.md  = "..."

fxHide.gt-sm           = "..."

Called a Declarative API since this is used in the HTML

To build this desktop Adaptive Layout:

1

<div>
  <header>header</header>
  <div>

    <nav>nav</nav>

    <article>article</article>

    <aside>aside</aside>

  </div>
  <footer>footer</footer>
</div>

We start with boring HTML:

2


<div fxLayout="column" >

  <header>header</header>

  <div fxLayout="row" fxFlex >

    <nav fxFlex="1 6 20%" >nav</nav>

    <article fxFlex="3 1 60%" >article</article>

    <aside fxFlex="1 6 20%" >aside</aside>

  </div>
  <footer>footer</footer>
</div>

Spice it up with

Flex-Layout, Declarative Static  API

3

To get this mobile adaptive layout:

4

<div fxLayout="column">
  <header>header</header>
  <div fxLayout="row" fxLayout.xs="column" fxFlex>

    <nav fxFlex="1 6 20%" fxFlexOrder 
        fxFlexOrder.xs="2" >nav</nav>

    <article fxFlex="3 1 60%" fxFlexOrder 
        fxFlexOrder.xs="1" >article</article>

    <aside fxFlex="1 6 20%" fxFlexOrder 
        fxFlexOrder.xs="3" >aside</aside>

  </div>
  <footer>footer</footer>
</div>

created by Katerine Orlova

Make it sizzle with Flex-Layout Responsive  API

5

Responsive HTML API

@angular/flex-layout

@angular/flex-layout

Responsive HTML API

  • Declarative, intuitive HTML API
  • No fussing with MediaQueries
  • No fussing with Breakpoints
  • No programmatic work

Responsive HTML API

@angular/flex-layout

Demo 

+

Source 

bit.ly/angular-flex-layout

... more Declarative API


<div fxShow fxHide.xs="false" fxHide.lg="true"></div>
  • xl, then fallback to the default fxShow; so the div is shown
  • lg, then the div is hidden (since the value === 'true')
  • md, then fallback to the default fxShow; so the div is shown
  • sm, then fallback to the default fxShow; so the div is shown
  • xs, then the div is shown (since the value === 'false')

Visibility example


<div fxFlex="50%" fxFlex.gt-sm="100%"></div>
  • xl, then fallback to 'gt-sm' so the div sizing is 100%
  • lg, then fallback to 'gt-sm' so the div sizing is 100%
  • md, then fallback to 'gt-sm' so the div sizing is 100%
  • sm, then fallback to the default fxFlex="50%"; so the div is 50%
  • xs, then fallback to the default fxFlex="50%"; so the div is 50%

Special Responsive Features

fxShow
 
fxHide
 
ngClass
 
ngStyle
 

<div fxShow 
    [fxShow.xs]="isVisibleOnMobile()"></div>

<div fxHide 
    [fxHide.gt-sm]="isVisibleOnDesktop()"></div>


<div 
    [ngClass.sm]="{'fxClass-sm': hasStyle}"></div>

<div 
    [ngStyle.xs]="{color: 'blue'}"></div>


Javascript Imperative API

ObservableMedia
 
BREAKPOINTS
 
BaseFxDirectiveAdapter
 

constructor(public 
    media:ObservableMedia ) {}

providers: [{provide: BREAKPOINTS,
    useValue: MY_CUSTOM_BREAKPOINTS }]


export class ClassDirective
    extends NgClass {}

Subscribe to mediaQuery Activations


import {Subscription} from "rxjs/Subscription";
import {MediaChange, ObservableMedia} from "@angular/flex-layout";

constructor(media: ObservableMedia) {
  this.watcher = media.subscribe( (change: MediaChange) => {

    if ( change.mqAlias == 'xs') {
      this.loadMobileContent();
    }

  });
}

Resources

Angular Flex-Layout

github.com/angular/flex-layout

Visual guide to Flex

http://cssreference.io/flexbox/

bit.ly/demo-flex-layout-responsive

Thanks

Katrine Orlova

 

github.com/

twitter.com/

 

@cheerypick

- slide contributions and speaker -

http://bit.ly/thoughtram_houston

  • Observables
  • Component Architecture
  • Routing
  • Forms
  • redux + ngrx
  • Advanced Testing

 

Go to:

Note: the 3-day training may not include all these topics. Additional days may be required.

Angular UX Mastery with Flex-Layout

By Thomas Burleson

Angular UX Mastery with Flex-Layout

Use @angular/flex-layout to easily create responsive, adaptive Angular applications... without having to be a Flexbox CSS expert.

  • 4,660