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A dystopian world
Dystopia = "bad place"
the opposite word is Eutopia
The Word Utopia that is commonly used
means "non-existant place".
Thomas More wrote De optimo reipublicae statu deque nova insula Utopia in 1516
Genres and themes
Catastrophic or cataclysmic events
Common dystopian themes
Group - individual
Dystopian literature often contains new terminology for different things. They can tell us something about the society in this world.
Dystopian literature often take place after something (bad) has happened.
Dystopian literature is social criticism!
It is important that we understand that even though dystopian novels or stories take place in the future or even on different planets, the author's intent is to shine a light on what is happening in her or his own society.
Always consider what time and circumstance the author is writing about.
"The chosen one"
has abilities that sets him or her apart from others in society.
"The conflicted one"
is troubled by what they see or experience in their society.
Brings about change by challenging their situation and sometimes causing the downfall of their society.
Wich of theese characters do you think is "the chosen one, "the conflicted one" and "the catalyst"?
The rise of the YA dystopian genre!
Why so many Young Adult dystopian themed stories, why now?
Threats of outbreaks/pandemics
Let's take a look at how the Hunger Games triology reflects our modern world today.
Now let's take a look at the authors of
the short stories you will read...
Ray Bradbury 1920-2012
Was an American writer and screenplay writer with Swedish ancestry, his mother was a Swedish immigrant. Mostly known for his highly imaginative short stories and science fiction novels, he also wrote in other genres such as fantasy, horror and mystery fiction. His most famous work is the science fiction novel Fahrenheit 451.
He liked to read and write as a child and has said that Jules Verne and H.G. Wells inspired him to write science fiction. His writing style blend poetic language with nostalgia for childhood, social criticism and awareness of the hazards of runaway technology.
Kurt Vonnegut 1922-2007
Was an American writer, most famous for his darkly satirical, bestselling Science Fiction novel Slaughterhouse-five. He grew up in Indianapolis, and even though he described himself as a pacifist, he enlisted in the US. Army in 1943 and was sent to Europe to fight in WWII. He was caught by the Germans and sent to Dresden as a POW but survived the bombing of the city in 1945. After returning to America he married his high school sweetheart and got a job at an electrical factory. His writing was inspired both by his experiences in the war as well as being a factory worker and his writing style is marked by a dark humor that highlight the horrors and ironies of 20th-century civilization.