A dystopian world

Dystopia = "bad place"

 

 

the opposite word is Eutopia

 

 

 

The Word Utopia that is commonly used

means "non-existant place".

Thomas More wrote De optimo reipublicae statu deque nova insula Utopia in 1516

Genres and themes

Science fiction

Catastrophic  or cataclysmic events

War/Totalitarian regimes

Pandemics/Contagion

Common dystopian themes

Control

Propaganda

Class

Technology

Drugs

Sexuality

Group - individual

Dehumanisation

"Doublespeak"

Dystopian literature often contains new terminology for different things. They can tell us something about the society in this world.

Post-apocalyptic societies

Dystopian literature often take place after something (bad) has happened. 

Dystopian literature is social criticism!

It is important that we understand that even though dystopian novels or stories take place in the future or even on different planets, the author's intent is to shine a light on what is happening in her or his own society.

 

Always consider what time and circumstance the author is writing about.

The protagonist

"The chosen one"

has abilities that sets him or her apart from others in society.

"The conflicted one"

is troubled by what they see or experience in their society.

"The catalyst"

Brings about change by challenging their situation and sometimes causing the downfall of their society.

Winston Smith

Katniss Everdeen

Neo 

Wich of theese characters do you think is "the chosen one, "the conflicted one" and "the catalyst"?

The classics

1949

1932

1940

The rise of the YA dystopian genre!

Why so many Young Adult dystopian themed stories, why now?

Control/surveillance

Class/war/conflict

Pollution/Climate change

Threats of outbreaks/pandemics

Cataclysmic events

Let's take a look at how the Hunger Games triology reflects our modern world today. 

Now let's take a look at the authors of

the short stories you will read...

Ray Bradbury 1920-2012

Was an American writer and screenplay writer with Swedish ancestry, his mother was a Swedish immigrant.  Mostly known for his highly imaginative short stories and science fiction novels, he also wrote in other genres such as fantasy, horror and mystery fiction. His most famous work is the science fiction novel Fahrenheit 451.

He liked to read and write as a child and has said that Jules Verne and H.G. Wells inspired him to write science fiction. His writing style blend poetic language with nostalgia for childhood, social criticism and awareness of the hazards of runaway technology.  

 

 

The Pedestrian 

The Veldt

Kurt Vonnegut 1922-2007

Was an American writer, most famous for his darkly satirical, bestselling Science Fiction novel Slaughterhouse-five.  He grew up in Indianapolis, and even though he described himself as a pacifist, he enlisted in the US. Army in 1943 and was sent to Europe to fight in WWII.  He was caught by the Germans and sent to Dresden as a POW but survived the bombing of the city in 1945.  After returning to America he married his high school sweetheart and got a job at an electrical factory. His writing was inspired both by his experiences in the war as well as being a factory worker and his writing style is marked by a dark humor that highlight the horrors and ironies of 20th-century civilization.

 

 

Harrison Bergeron

Dystopian fiction

By Bessemerbiblioteket

Dystopian fiction

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