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Poblacht na hÉireann
The Emerald isle
"The land of Saints and Scholars"
Republic of Ireland
The Celts are often seen as a mysterious and proud people of warriors. But they were not a united people.
They have left marks after them in language and art.
We know they fled to Ireland after the Angles, Saxons and Jutes came to England.
Women among the Celts could be both kings and warriors.
The Celts was eventually defeted because they could not unite the tribes against the Normans.
Remnants of the Celtic culture
Bother - annoy
Clock - bell
Craic - fun
Hooligan - Trublemaker
Phoney - fake
Whiskey (uisce beatha) - water of life
Samhain - Halloween
The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Gráinne - Tristan and Isolde
Christening ca 400 A.D.
Ireland was christened. North Ireland is protesant and south Ireland is catholic
St Patrick's day
The Irish potato famine 1845-1852
During the 1800s many countries in Europe were stricken by famine. This affected Ireland particularly hard because they were dependent on potatoes as their main staple food.
Side note: The Osman emperor Abd ül-Mecid
wanted to send 10 000 pounds to help the Irish
but was convinced by Queen Victoria to send only 1000 since she herself had sent only 2000. ül-Mecid Sent several ships with food instead.
The potato famine leads to a wave of emigration,
many leave the green isle and travel to America.
Today about 35 million Americans claim to have their roots in Ireland.
Poverty and famine similarily led to a wave of
Swedish emigrants moving to America in the 1800s.
Today about 4 million Americans have Swedish descent.
The Easter rising?
- What: A protest against British rule in Ireland
- When: Took place in april 1916
- Who: The Irish against the British
- Where: In Dublin
- Why: Watch this short clip
What led to the Easter rising april 1916?
A conflict between nationalist and unionists
Republicans - nationalists that previously used violent means.
Nationalists - unified Ireland only through peaceful methods.
Unionists - support the union with Great Britain but only by peaceful methods.
Loyalists - unionists
that may use violent means to "defend" the union.
On January 30, 1972, British paratroopers killed 13 Irish citizens at a civil rights protest in Derry, Northern Ireland.
The lyrics are a nonpartisan condemnation of the historic bloodshed in Ireland.
The horror is witnessed by a observer.
This was inspired by the IRA bombing in Warrington, Cheshire, England on March 20, 1993. Two children, Jonathan Ball and Tim Parry, were killed. The IRA (Irish Republican Army) is a militant group that was determined to remove British troops from Northern Ireland.
The video was shot by Samuel Bayer, who flew to Belfast shortly before the ceasefire to get footage of the area - those are real British soldiers and local children. Bayer intercut these scenes with striking images of Dolores O'Riordan, standing by a cross and covered in gold paint, as similarly gilded children look on.
On August 31, 1994, just a few weeks after this song was released, the IRA declared a ceasefire after 25 years of conflict, leading some critics of The Cranberries to wonder if the IRA was willing to call a truce to make sure the group didn't release any more songs about them.
How we see the Irish?
How to behave in Ireland
What every Irish film contains