Digital Scholarship Fellowship Coordinator
Copyright, Plagiarism, Privacy & Terms of Service
What is copyright?
Terms of Service?
What is copyright?
- Legal protection provided by the U.S. government for original works. Includes:
- Literary works
- Musical works, including lyrics
- Dramatic works, including music
- Pantomimes and choreographic works
- Motion pictures and other AV works
- Sound recordings
- Architectural works (Morris, 2013).
What rights does the copyright holder have?
- Right to the work "and right to authorize use of the work as they see fit" such as:
- Derivative works, i.e. translations, abridged works, musical arrangements, motion picture adaptations, and abridgments of works (United States Copyright Office, 2013).
- Reproductions of original work
- "Distribute copies of the work to the public by sale, lease, rental or transfer of ownership" (United States Copyright Office, 2013).
- "Document telling visitors to your site what information you collect and what you do with that information" (OpenTracker, 2015).
- "Statement or a legal document (in privacy law) that discloses some or all of the ways a party gathers, uses, discloses, and manages a customer or client's data. It fulfills a legal requirement to protect a customer or client's privacy" (Wikipedia, 2015).
Copyright is legal rights provided to owner's of artistic/scientific works to prevent copying or redistribution of the work unless approved by the copyright holder/owner.
Terms of Service
Legal document of terms that you agree to in order to use a company's service (s). Can include intellectual copyright.
Copyright vs. Terms of Service
What are terms of service?
- Rules "which one must agree to abide by in order to use a service"(Wikipedia, 2015).
- Anytime you agree to a document to download an app or software, etc.
Have you agreed to terms of service? Do you know what you agreed to?
Do you think terms of service are fair and respect your privacy?
Does there need to a revolution in which terms of service can actually be understood? Why?
What are typically in a terms of service?
Included in a terms of service would be :
- company's intellectual property rights of images, logos, etc.
- termination clause
- governing laws for the country
- any work that contains copyright infringement will be automatically removed
- clause that tells you the company is not responsible for third party web sites that link to its site/use information (Terms Feed, 2015).
"'I have read and agree to the Terms' is the biggest lie on the web. We aim to fix that "(Terms of Service; Didn't Read, 2014).
"Terms of service are often too long to read, but it's important to understand what's in them. Your rights online depend on them. We hope that our ratings can help you get informed about your rights. Do not hesitate to click on a service below, to have more details! You can also get the ratings directly in your browser by installing our web browser add-on" (Terms of Service; Didn't Read, 2014).
Does copyright help us (us as scholars) or hurt us?
Copyright was originally invented in order protect the rights of artists, writers, filmmakers, scientists etc. so that their original works/research could not simply be stolen and so that they were not deprived of profit from their work (Lethem, 2007).
However in art, literature, media and scholarly works themes are often repeated, stories rewritten (Lethem, 2007) and pop culture turned into new art, think Andy Warhol.
The current length of copyright is the life of the author plus 70 years (90-125 years), originally it was only 14 years (U.S.Copyright Office, 2011).
Copyright law; what is actually stealing and what is creative expression?
Current copyright limits natural creative expression. Is there anything out there that doesn't mimic something else? (Lethem, 2007)
What is plagiarism?
According to Haverford's Office of Academic Resources plagiarism is theft, the intentional stealing of another person's words (author) without giving them credit (i.e. citing/references) (OAR, 2015).
Morris, V. (2013). Copyright Recap [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://one.drexel.edu/web/university
Copyright, Privacy and, Terms of Service
By Digital Scholarship Fellows