LGB

LGBT

LGBTQIA+

 

 

Lesbian

Gay

Bisexual

Transgender

Queer/ Questioning

Intersex

Asexual 

+

LGBTQIA+

Spectrum

A spectrum is a useful tool to show us

how varied expressions of something are.

There is no better side or worse just a

sliding scale.

 

Biological gender

Gender identity

 

Gender is assigned at birth

by a doctor!

 

The doctor checks how many fingers and toes the baby has and what they have between the legs.

You are born either male or female, right?

Well, no.

Gender is a spectrum

Male

Female

Intersex

About 20 children in Sweden are

born each year who are intersex.

They have visible genitalia of both sexes.

BUT Gender is chromosomal, hormonal and anatomical!

The development of the foetus

In week 9 the foetus is as big as a strawberry

At 9 weeks  we can see for the first time

if the foetus has  male or female genitalia. 

 

Nipples seems to be in the "starter pack" for humans.

The development of the foetus

Every human recieves a set of genes from their father and their mother.

50-60 genes

800-900 genes

Ovum

Sperm

XX

XY

The foetus gets one set of chromosomes from its parents.

One of the Xs gets inactivated.

Sometimes.

In week 7 the change begins. If your last chromosal pair contains a Y there will be testicles, if it ends in a X there will be ovaries.

So, everybody with a Y is a boy?

 

No, there are variants.

So many variants!

There are chromosomal variants,

hormonal variants

and

anatomical variants.

Male and female gentialia are more alike than you might think.

This has to do with foetal development.

 

Kirsi will explain!

Who gets to decide?

Some gender variants don't show up until puberty or isn't discovered until infertility becomes an issue.

Does the doctor decide?

or the Parents?

It has to be the individual who decides?

Right?

Cis or Trans?

Cisgender

A person who identifies with the gender they were assigned with at birth.

Transgender

A person who does not identify with the gender they were assigned with at birth.

Agender, Off the binary

Gender identity

The Gender that you identify as.

Male

Female 

Nonbinary = neither

Genderfluid = both

= 4 genders

Male

Female

Nonbinary

<Genderfluid>

Binary gender

Binary is when you classify gender as two distinct and opposite forms

Masculine and feminine

The binary way of thinking is thought to have come about when sexuality was medicalized in the 19th century.

Nonbinary is a spectrum of gender identities.
An individuals internal sense of themselves as far as gender identity goes. This is different from gender role and gender expression.

Gender expression

Gender expression is how a person portray themselves.

For instance through what they wear, how they prefer their hair, use of make-up etc.

Gender role is the collection of behaviors and activities that society expects to be associated with a particular gender, in this place and time.

Two-Spirit

Male, female, female-bodied male, male-bodied female

Two-Spirit

Mahu= those who embody male and female spirit

(Hawaii)

Chuckshi people,

Three genders

(Siberia)

Mashoga =

Range of identities on a gender spectrum (Kenya, Tanzania)

What is your pronoun?

She/Her/Herself

He/Him/Himself

Ve/Vim/Vir

kir/kirs/kirself

Hen

Sexual orientation

Romantic orientation

List of sexual orientation

Heterosexual

Homosexual  - Gay, Lesbian

​Androsexual

​Gynesexual

Bisexual

Hetero

Homo

Bi

Asexual

A person who experiences sexual attraction in a way that matches the norm can also be called allosexual.


A person who never experiences sexual attraction is called asexual.


A person who experiences sexual attraction only in the context of an emotional connection is called demisexual.
 

Allo, a, demi?

 

Romantic orientation

 

is an emotional response towards another person.

They can be the same as your sexuality or vary.

 

For instance:

 

A heterosexual can be biromantic.

 

An asexual can be androromantic.

 

 

 

Homophobia, Transphobia, Acephobia

The hatred towards those that break the percieved norm?

Why?

Religion

Culture

Ignorance

 

Power structures

"It is not natural..."

 

If we by "natural" mean what is found in nature, homosexuality has been found in 1500 species of animal. Ranging from "one night stands" to lifelong partnership.

 

 

 

"It is a choice..."

 

It is NOT a choice!

 

There are different theories to why

(most of them genetic)

but we can clearly see that sexuality and gender variants are naturally occuring in not just our species but in others.

 

Sexual preferences are well established before puberty in most cases.

"It is a sin..."

 

The holy texts of many religions were written in specific historical contexts and by specific people, and can be interpreted in many ways.

There are religions that revere

and accomodate for same-sex relationships.

And religions who take no stance in who people fancy or sleep with.

"It is a sin..."

 

Leviticus also bans eating pork and shellfish, getting tattoos, mixing different fabrics, etc.

 

“‘Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material."

 

Leviticus 18:22, The Bible

Text

Coming out/ In the closet/Outing

If you have not told people about your sexuality or gender you are in the closet. Coming out is when you tell people.

Outing - is when you force somebody to reveal their

sexuality or gender.

Ally

A person who is cis/hetero but supports other peoples rights to be who they are and love who they love.

Queer

Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities. It is used by people who do not want to define themselves by existing labels.

Questioning

Exploring one's identity and/or sexuality. This is not limited to a specific age or timeframe.

Life

Healing

Sunlight

Nature

Serenity

Spirit

Gilbert Baker 1978

The Pride flag (and pink triangle)

The Pink triangle was a Nazi symbol for sexual offenders

Pink Panthers: LGBTQ

civil rights movement

LGBTQ Safe Space symbol

HBTQIA+ Engelska

By Bessemerbiblioteket

HBTQIA+ Engelska

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