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A spectrum is a useful tool to show us
how varied expressions of something are.
There is no better side or worse just a
Gender is assigned at birth
by a doctor!
The doctor checks how many fingers and toes the baby has and what they have between the legs.
You are born either male or female, right?
Gender is a spectrum
About 20 children in Sweden are
born each year who are intersex.
They have visible genitalia of both sexes.
BUT Gender is chromosomal, hormonal and anatomical!
The development of the foetus
In week 9 the foetus is as big as a strawberry
At 9 weeks we can see for the first time
if the foetus has male or female genitalia.
Nipples seems to be in the "starter pack" for humans.
The development of the foetus
Every human recieves a set of genes from their father and their mother.
The foetus gets one set of chromosomes from its parents.
One of the Xs gets inactivated.
In week 7 the change begins. If your last chromosal pair contains a Y there will be testicles, if it ends in a X there will be ovaries.
So, everybody with a Y is a boy?
No, there are variants.
So many variants!
There are chromosomal variants,
Male and female gentialia are more alike than you might think.
This has to do with foetal development.
Kirsi will explain!
Who gets to decide?
Some gender variants don't show up until puberty or isn't discovered until infertility becomes an issue.
Does the doctor decide?
or the Parents?
It has to be the individual who decides?
Cis or Trans?
A person who identifies with the gender they were assigned with at birth.
A person who does not identify with the gender they were assigned with at birth.
Agender, Off the binary
The Gender that you identify as.
Nonbinary = neither
Genderfluid = both
= 4 genders
Binary is when you classify gender as two distinct and opposite forms
Masculine and feminine
The binary way of thinking is thought to have come about when sexuality was medicalized in the 19th century.
Nonbinary is a spectrum of gender identities.
An individuals internal sense of themselves as far as gender identity goes. This is different from gender role and gender expression.
Gender expression is how a person portray themselves.
For instance through what they wear, how they prefer their hair, use of make-up etc.
Gender role is the collection of behaviors and activities that society expects to be associated with a particular gender, in this place and time.
Male, female, female-bodied male, male-bodied female
Mahu= those who embody male and female spirit
Range of identities on a gender spectrum (Kenya, Tanzania)
What is your pronoun?
List of sexual orientation
Homosexual - Gay, Lesbian
A person who experiences sexual attraction in a way that matches the norm can also be called allosexual.
A person who never experiences sexual attraction is called asexual.
A person who experiences sexual attraction only in the context of an emotional connection is called demisexual.
Allo, a, demi?
is an emotional response towards another person.
They can be the same as your sexuality or vary.
A heterosexual can be biromantic.
An asexual can be androromantic.
Homophobia, Transphobia, Acephobia
The hatred towards those that break the percieved norm?
"It is not natural..."
If we by "natural" mean what is found in nature, homosexuality has been found in 1500 species of animal. Ranging from "one night stands" to lifelong partnership.
"It is a choice..."
It is NOT a choice!
There are different theories to why
(most of them genetic)
but we can clearly see that sexuality and gender variants are naturally occuring in not just our species but in others.
Sexual preferences are well established before puberty in most cases.
"It is a sin..."
The holy texts of many religions were written in specific historical contexts and by specific people, and can be interpreted in many ways.
There are religions that revere
and accomodate for same-sex relationships.
And religions who take no stance in who people fancy or sleep with.
"It is a sin..."
Leviticus also bans eating pork and shellfish, getting tattoos, mixing different fabrics, etc.
“‘Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material."
Leviticus 18:22, The Bible
Coming out/ In the closet/Outing
If you have not told people about your sexuality or gender you are in the closet. Coming out is when you tell people.
Outing - is when you force somebody to reveal their
sexuality or gender.
A person who is cis/hetero but supports other peoples rights to be who they are and love who they love.
Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities. It is used by people who do not want to define themselves by existing labels.
Exploring one's identity and/or sexuality. This is not limited to a specific age or timeframe.
Gilbert Baker 1978
The Pride flag (and pink triangle)
The Pink triangle was a Nazi symbol for sexual offenders
Pink Panthers: LGBTQ
civil rights movement
LGBTQ Safe Space symbol