Taller introducción SVG

Ejemplos en Codepen

Repositorio con recursos

Agenda

Qué es un SVG

Anatomía de un SVG

Herramientas para la Optimización

Estilos en SVGs con CSS

Implementación en proyectos web

Contenido Accesible

Animación web e interacciones

Recursos...

¿Qué formato de imagen debería utilizar?

<img src="kakarotto.svg" alt="kakarotto">
<!-- 3KB -->
<img src="kakarotto.png" alt="kakarotto">
<!-- 37KB -->

Qué es un SVG

Scalable Vector Graphic

Chris Lilley

@SVGeesus

Director técnico en el World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Scalable Vector Graphic

  • SVG puede tener un tamaño de archivo más pequeño que una imagen rasterizada similar.
  • SVG se puede escalar a cualquier tamaño.
  • La escalabilidad infinita significa que SVG se ve nítido en cualquier tamaño.
  • Soportado en cualquier navegador moderno.

Anatomía de un SVG

Sistema de coordenadas |  Viewbox

Viewbox Clipping

Anatomía de un SVG

Formas básicas | Shapes

Formas Básicas

<circle>   <ellipsis>   <rect>   <polygon>   <line>   <polyline>   <path>

 Atributo PreserveAspectRatio

*preserveAspectRatio no tiene efecto si no hay un viewbox declarado

Anatomía de un SVG

Paths | Groups

<path> elemento

  • El elemento path, toma un único atributo para describir que es lo que tiene que dibujar: "d"

  • Las letras que observías, son comandos

  • Los número, agregan valores a los comandos

  • Las comas son opcionales, hacen la misma función que un espacio en blanco

  • Las letras MAY son valores absolutos y las MIN son relativos

<path> ejemplos

https://codepen.io/chriscoyier/pen/NRwANp

<svg viewBox="0 0 74.9 74.7">
<path class="files" d="
M 0.9,74.2
l 25.2-37.4 
L 2,0.5
h 23.6
L 38,21.9
L 50,0.5
h 23
l -24.2,36
l 25.2,37.7
h -24
L 37.2,52
L 24.4,74.2
H 0.9
z"/>
</svg>
<svg viewBox="0 0 74.9 74.7">
<path class="files" d="M0.9,74.2l25.2-37.4L2,0.5h23.6L38,21.9L50,0.5h23l-24.2,36l25.2,
37.7h-24L37.2,52L24.4,74.2H0.9z"/>
</svg>

<path> lectura

Grupos

Filtros con SVG

<filter> element | Filtros | Máscaras

<svg width="600" height="450" viewBox="0 0 600 450">
    <filter id="myFilter">
    <!-- filter effects go in here -->
    </filter>
    <image xlink:href="..." 
           width="100%" height="100%" x="0" y="0"
           filter="url(#myFilter)">
    </image>   
</svg>

.filtro {
   filter: url(#myFilter);
}

Trabajando con Vectores

Creación | Optimización

Trabajando con Vectores

Ilustraciones gratuítas

Trabajando con Vectores

Accesibilidad | Screenreaders

  • Provee de un title y description:  Los elementos de SVG <title> y <desc> provee de una lectura del contenido.

  • Limpia código innecesario:  Pensad que un lector de pantalla lee cada una de las letras.
  • Haz que tengo foco: Si nuestro SVG es interactivo, deberemos de asegurarnos de que podemos hacer foco des de el tabulador de un teclado.

<g id="svg-list" role="list" aria-label="svg graph" transform="translate(0,58)">
// <g id="bars" role="list">/ <g id="bars-items" role="listitems">  

Trabajando con Vectores

Implementación

Trabajando con Vectores

Responsive

<!-- Eliminad los atributos 'width' y 'height' del SVG en linea -->
<!-- Añadid el atributo 'viewBox' si es que no lo teníais ya :p -->

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="270" height="80" 
viewBox="0 0 270 80">


<!-- contenido del SVG -->


</svg>

Librería de iconos

Creación | Sprites | Webfont | Implementación

SVG icons vs Webfont

  • Mayor control sobre los estilos (iconos multi-color)

  • Pueden ser animados e interactivos

  • Consistencia de renderizado en los navegadores

  • Más sencillos de crear, optimizar, implementar y mantener

inline svg

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symbol

<svg id="logo-svg" viewBox="0 0 80 80">
     <use xlink:href="#ufo"/>
</svg>

Animación Web

Principios de animación

Animación Web

Anatomia

Easing

Duration

Properties

Animación Web

Animando con CSS

@keyframes [name] {
  [keyframe selector] {CSS styles}
}

@keyframes spin {
  from {
    transform: rotate(0deg);
  }
  to {
    transform: rotate(360deg);
  }
}

.ufo {
  animation-duration: 2s;
  animation-name: spin;
}
/*
Part 1: Animation
Here is where we would put our full animation.
*/

.ufo {
  animation: rotation 2s infinite linear;
}

/*
Part 2: Media query
Here is where we would put our partial or no animation.
*/
@media (prefers-reduced-motion: reduce) {
  .ufo {
    animation: none;
  }
}

Animación Web

Animando con CSS | Motion Path

.mario-path-animation {
  offset-path: path("M100,250 C 100,50 400,50 400,250");
  animation: move 2s ease-out;
}

@keyframes move {
  100% {
    offset-distance: 100%;
  }
}


@media screen and (prefers-reduced-motion: reduce){
  .mario-path-animation {
    animation-duration: 1ms; /* lleva a la posición final de la animación */
  }
}

Animación Web

Animando con CSS | Motion Kart

Animación Web

Animando con interfaz gráfica

Animación Web

Microinteracciones

Mouse over Animation

Animación Web

Animando con frameworks JS

IE3 2021 | Workshop Intro SVG

By Carmen Ansio

IE3 2021 | Workshop Intro SVG

Taller SVG y animaciones CSS

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