Web performance

# Browsers, metrics & tools !

   @doc_roms

C'est juste la photo de mon profil

Romuald

C'est juste la photo de mon profil

Twitter : @doc_roms

Le logo de la société PEAKS

Développeur chez

- Performance

- Qualité (a11y, éthique, sécurité… )

- Eco-conception

- Ecologie

- Numérique Responsable

- Inclusion

Performance ?

Web Performance - MDN 

 Les performances web correspondent au temps nécessaire à un site pour se charger, devenir interactif et réactif, et à quel point le contenu est fluide pendant les interactions des utilisateurs - le défilement est-il fluide ? les boutons sont-ils cliquables ? Les fenêtres contextuelles sont-elles rapides à charger et à afficher, et s'animent-elles en douceur pendant qu'elles le font ? 

Performance - ISO

Logo de l'organisme ISO

  Exigences de qualité et évaluation des systèmes et du logiciel (SQuaRE) — Modèles de qualité du système et du logiciel

ISO 25010:2002

Performance - ISO

Image présentant les diffents tests de la qualité logicielle (Tests fonctionnels, de performance, de compatibilité, d'utilisabilité, de fiabilité, de sécurité, de maintenabilité et de portabilité)

ISO 25010:2002

Performance - ISO

ISO 25010:2002

Temps de réponse Capacité Utilisation de ressources
Une application qui répond rapidement Une application qui répond tout le temps Une application sobre

Web

Web

Step 1 : DNS lookup

https://www.toto.com

https://www.toto.com

37.187.88.123

Web

Step 2 : TCP Handshake

37.187.88.123

Syn

Syn-Ack

Ack

Web

(Step 3) : SSL Handshake

37.187.88.123

HTTP 525  - SSL Handshake Failed

Web

Step 4 : Response - TCP slow start (14kb rule)

HTTP Resquest

ACK

ACK

ACK

Response 14kb

Response 28kb

Response 56kb

37.187.88.123

Response size Nb responses
10 kb 1
200 kb 4
1 500 kb 7
3 500 kb 8

HTTP/2

Web - Response

Response analysis

HTML

<!doctype html>
<html lang="fr-FR">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<link rel="profile" href="https://gmpg.org/xfn/11">
<title>Hello</title>
<link rel='dns-prefetch' href='//fonts.googleapis.com' />
<link rel='dns-prefetch' href='//s.w.org' />
<link rel='preconnect' href='https://fonts.gstatic.com' crossorigin />
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="Toto" href="https://www.toto.fr/feed/" />
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="Perf rocks !" href="https://www.youpi.fr/comments/feed/" />
<script type="text/javascript">
window._wpemojiSettings = {"baseUrl":"https:\/\/s.w.org\/images\/core\/emoji\/13.0.1\/72x72\/","ext":".png","svgUrl":"https:\/\/s.w.org\/images\/core\/emoji\/13.0.1\/svg\/","svgExt":".svg","source":{"concatemoji":"https:\/\/www.peaks.fr\/wp-includes\/js\/wp-emoji-release.min.js?ver=5.6.4"}};
!function(e,a,t){var n,r,o,i=a.createElement("canvas"),p=i.getContext&&i.getContext("2d");function s(e,t){var a=String.fromCharCode;p.clearRect(0,0,i.width,i.height),p.fillText(a.apply(this,e),0,0);e=i.toDataURL();return p.clearRect(0,0,i.width,i.height),p.fillText(a.apply(this,t),0,0),e===i.toDataURL()}function c(e){var t=a.createElement("script");t.src=e,t.defer=t.type="text/javascript",a.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(t)}for(o=Array("flag","emoji"),t.supports={everything:!0,everythingExceptFlag:!0},r=0;r<o.length;r++)t.supports[o[r]]=function(e){if(!p||!p.fillText)return!1;switch(p.textBaseline="top",p.font="600 32px Arial",e){case"flag":return s([127987,65039,8205,9895,65039],[127987,65039,8203,9895,65039])?!1:!s([55356,56826,55356,56819],[55356,56826,8203,55356,56819])&&!s([55356,57332,56128,56423,56128,56418,56128,56421,56128,56430,56128,56423,56128,56447],[55356,57332,8203,56128,56423,8203,56128,56418,8203,56128,56421,8203,56128,56430,8203,56128,56423,8203,56128,56447]);case"emoji":return!s([55357,56424,8205,55356,57212],[55357,56424,8203,55356,57212])}return!1}(o[r]),t.supports.everything=t.supports.everything&&t.supports[o[r]],"flag"!==o[r]&&(t.supports.everythingExceptFlag=t.supports.everythingExceptFlag&&t.supports[o[r]]);t.supports.everythingExceptFlag=t.supports.everythingExceptFlag&&!t.supports.flag,t.DOMReady=!1,t.readyCallback=function(){t.DOMReady=!0},t.supports.everything||(n=function(){t.readyCallback()},a.addEventListener?(a.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded",n,!1),e.addEventListener("load",n,!1)):(e.attachEvent("onload",n),a.attachEvent("onreadystatechange",function(){"complete"===a.readyState&&t.readyCallback()})),(n=t.source||{}).concatemoji?c(n.concatemoji):n.wpemoji&&n.twemoji&&(c(n.twemoji),c(n.wpemoji)))}(window,document,window._wpemojiSettings);
</script>
</head>
<body>
Hello !
</body>
</html>

Bytes

Characters

Tokens

Nodes

DOM

CSSOM

Web - Response

DOM and CSSOM

DOM

CSSOM

The DOM and CSSOM are independent tree structures.

RENDER TREE

Web - Response

Smaller is better !

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
    <link rel='stylesheet' href='https://www.foo.com/aAndB.css' type='text/css' media='all' />
    <link rel='stylesheet' href='https://www.foo.com/cAndD.css' type='text/css' media='all' />
</head>
<body>
    <section class='a'>
        <div class='b'>
            <div class="c">
                <div class="d">
                    <p>Hello !</p>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </section>
</body>
</html>
<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<style>.a{};.b{};.c{};.d{}</style>
</head>
<body>
    <section class='a b c d'>
    	<p>Hello !</p>
    </section>
</body>
</html>

A large DOM will increase memory usage, cause longer style calculations, and produce costly layout reflows

Have less than 1,500 nodes total.

Have a depth lower than 32 nodes.

Have a parent node with less than 60 child nodes.

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
    <link rel='stylesheet' href='https://www.foo.com/styles.css' type='text/css' media='all' />
</style>
</head>
<body>
    <section class='a b c d'>
    	<p>Hello !</p>
    </section>
</body>
</html>

Web - Response

JavaScript ?

JavaScript is parsed, interpreted and executed

Web - Response

Render

Create Render Tree

Layout

Paint

Web - Response

Accessibility Object Model (AOM)

Web - Response

interactivity

WebPerformance Metrics

WebPerformance - Metrics

Time to first Byte (TTFB)

 Server response time

WebPerformance - Metrics

Time to First Paint

Google describes this key metric as important to the site visitor because it answers the question:

"is something happening ?"

WebPerformance - Metrics

First Contentful Paint (FCP)

WebPerformance - Metrics

Largest Contentful Paint (LCP)

WebPerformance - Metrics

First Input Delay (FID)

WebPerformance - Metrics

Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS)

WebPerformance - Metrics

Time to Interactive (TTI)

WebPerformance - Metrics

Total Blocking Time (TBT)

WebPerformance - Metrics

HTTP Requests

WebPerformance - Metrics

Total Page Size

WebPerformance - Budgets

Performance budgets

WebPerformance

Tools

Best Practices

Tous les outils "d'analyse statique"

Web.dev (lighthouse)

GTMetrix.com

WebPageTest.org

Dareboost.com

Tous les outils de "profiling"

Blackfire.io (PHP / Python / GO)

dotTrace (C / C++ / .net)

La console de dev

Démo ?

Thx!

C'est juste la photo de mon profil
Le logo de la société PEAKS

Web performance - How to improve it ?

By Romuald Priol

Web performance - How to improve it ?

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