Dom Taylor, MA, MLIS

Peace & Conflict Studies, Philosophy, Catholic Studies, and Religion Librarian

Catholic Studies Subject Guide


CATH 1190-A01

February 5, 2019













Julian: "Is the bank open on Saturdays?"​​

Getting around the world means you have to trust people. The question is how much trust you should give and why. This depends on context.

Me: "Yes!"

Julian: "How do you know??"

Me: "I was there last year, I think."

Julian: "Do you actually know? If I don't make a payment, I'll lose my apartment"

Me: "Oh...I don't actually know. Let's check online."

Snow day

Julian: "Looks like a blizzard out. Are classes cancelled?"​​

Me: "Definitely!"

Julian: "How do you know??"

Me: "I looked out the window."

Me: "I checked the university homepage."



Citation as a responsibility

Academic integrity is important,


there are other equally important reasons to cite.

Citing as a "game"

  • Expressing yourself meaningfully requires shared rules.
  • This is like a board game/ sport. You can modify or disregard some rules, but there comes a point when you are no longer playing the original game.

3 important "moves" in the citation game

Following the citation game gives you some abilities by allowing for certain moves:

  1. Duty/Obligation: 2-way obligation. If you take others' ideas seriously (by citing them), then people will take your ideas seriously.

  2. Licence: Like a license to drive, but this is a license to put an idea forward/critique an idea. This license comes in different strengths. This strength is directly tied to the strength of the idea you are citing and how you explain it.

  3. Legitimacy: How seriously people will take your claims depends on how well you use your licenses. The better (and more) connections you have to other ideas, the more likely people will take your ideas seriously.

Making it explicit:

The link between trust, citation, and academic arguments

Example of a bad argument:

My friend Alix and I are having coffee and talking about ways to get healthier. She recommends using marijuana, because she saw a documentary about how natural things are healthy (or at least healthier than unnatural things). Alix argues that, since marijuana is a type of plant and plants are natural, then marijuana is healthy (Alix is also a biologist and, therefore, has some expertise on the matter).

Link to Mind Map builder

What's important?

  1. Using the library search engine, find and/or look over one of the books/articles I've handed out and figure out what types of information are relevant to show others what you have cited.
  2. Pick what you think is the most important type of info.
  3. Why do you think this? (One reason).

Online Resources

ZotBib citation generator. This can handle multiple citation formats, including APA, but it isn't perfect, so verify the information using one of the following:

  1. Purdue OWL (reference list and in-text) and/or CitationFox (reference list only).
  2. Catholic Studies guide (some info for Catholic Studies-specific citation).
  3. UM APA 1 pager (easy to use)

Quoting vs. Paraphrasing

  1. Both are forms of citation.
  2. Both require author and year, but quotes also require page numbers.
  3. Quoting is especially useful when the author's terminology or wording is crucial. For most assignments, use quotes sparingly. 
  4. Paraphrasing is the default way to cite because it allows you to reframe the author's ideas.
  5. If you are using the author's words or ideas, then CITE! Better to cite too much than too little. 

Contact info

Dom Taylor


phone: 204.474.9184

book an appointment

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CATH 1990-A01: Citation

By Dom Taylor

CATH 1990-A01: Citation

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