IoT Dashboards

From Data Flow to

Data-Driven Decisions

 ​ 

Elisabeth Engel

@_lizzelo_

https://unsplash.com/photos/npxXWgQ33ZQ

One day in February...

... you get a message

Company News

Dear colleagues, 

 

we proudly present our new IoT Dashboard ! 🎉

 

Your Industry 4.0 Working Group

and get to see this!

http://192.168.178.143:8080/

overwhelming

IoT Factory Management

57.000 €

no idea what to do with it

What's that?!?

Data Points

Processing

Table

Visualization

Info

Raw Data

John

01/01/2012

Smith

01/07/2016

???

??

?

Name Hire Date LOC
John 31.01.1978 53279
Smith 01.07.1980 16507

Data-Driven

Icon made by freepik from www.flaticon.com

?

!

Question-Driven

Decision 

Recommendation

Clear 

Question

Icon made by freepik from www.flaticon.com

User-Driven

???

User

+

?

Clear 

Question

Dashboard

Decision

Recommendation

!

10 seconds

Key Takeaway

Idea

Test

Draft

Creation Process

Paper

Table

Diagram

"Decide, if ..."

Key Takeaway

Visualizations

Visualization Types 

Dimensions

Encoding

Colors

https://extremepresentation.typepad.com/files/choosing-a-good-chart-09.pdf

Visualization Types

https://extremepresentation.typepad.com/files/choosing-a-good-chart-09.pdf

https://extremepresentation.typepad.com/files/choosing-a-good-chart-09.pdf

https://extremepresentation.typepad.com/files/choosing-a-good-chart-09.pdf

https://extremepresentation.typepad.com/files/choosing-a-good-chart-09.pdf

Pie Charts

Shop Context

Time

Location

Success / Failure

Access Type

User Segment

Dimension Quiz

Shop Context

http://www.mmi.ifi.lmu.de/lehre/ws1920/iv/slides/iv_ws19_02_perception.pdf

Encoding

Combination

Form

Color

Pre-attentive recognizable

attentive recognizable

https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/preattentive-visual-properties-and-how-to-use-them-in-information-visualization

Encoding

Too Much Encoding

  • "sunshine"
  • "some sort of circles"
  • "people sitting at a table"
  • "strange logo"

Clear to the User?

Meaning & Rating

Colors

Color Blindness

colororacle.org

colorbrewer2.org

Color Schema

Axes

50

51

52

400

600

Do Not Trust Any Statistics...

500

100

200

300

400

600

500

100

300

200

800

700

Do Not Trust Any Statistics...

Proportion

10 %

Option B

20 %

Option A

Do Not Trust Any Statistics...

http://www.stat.columbia.edu/~gelman/communication/Bateman2010.pdf

Do Not Trust Any Statistics...

 Hands On Example

What Could We Improve?

Icon made by freepik from www.flaticon.com

???

User:

?

Clear Question:

"How is the factory's performance?"

Factory Team Members

1. Creating the Right Data Basis

2. Delete the Clutter

3. Choose the Right Visualization

4. Select Meaningful Encoding

5. Insert Captions

6. Give Context

7. Show Details If Required

Key Takeaway

- show details on demand

- provide context

- insert labels

- select meaningful encoding

- choose suitable visualization type

- remove clutter

- provide proper data basis

Optimizing Visualizations

Key Takeaway

Pinterest • informationisbeautiful.net • behance.net • dailyinfographics.com

coolinfographics.com • visualcomplexity.com • flowingdata.com

improving-visualisations.org/visuals

Inspirations

Dashboards

Distribution

Interactions

http://192.168.178.143:8080/

Distribution

Getting Feedback

http://192.168.178.143:8081/

Zoom

Move

Filter

Sort

Connect

Highlight

Interactions

http://192.168.178.143:8080/

Best Practises

Master the Data Flow

Start Small...

Variant A

Variant B

Variant C

Blue Button Test 

Red Button Test

Yellow Button Test

Test with Real Data

Key Takeaway

Mind Users' Prior Knowledge 

https://unsplash.com/photos/REZp_5-2wzA

260 000 Pilots  

7 Non-Professionals  

Build Knowledge and Understanding

Search for "challenger" & check:

 

Can the data answer my question?

 

    - Data representative?

    - Data distorted by other factors?

    - Data section selected appropriately?

 

Cross-Check

Key Takeaway

Tools

Requirements

Comparison

Requirements

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized

blackrockdigital.github.io/startbootstrap-sb-admin-2

In-House Development

Data Sources: any

Styling: any

Features: depend on the framework

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized

Grafana

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized on Monitoring

Data Sources: 50+ plugins for data sources (e.g. MySQL, Elasticsearch)

Styling: themes customizable via SASS altering features

Features: depend on framework

play.grafana.org

Tableau

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized on exploration

Datea Sources: 80+ connectors  (e.g. Microsoft, Oracle, SAP, Mongo DB, MySQL)

Styling: formatted via UI

Features: drag & drop, data representation

www.tableau.com

Thingsboard

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized on

IoT devices

Data Sources: ~ 15 connectors  (e.g. MQTT,  AWS IoT, IBM Watson, Azure Event Hub)

Styling: formatted via UI

Features: dashboard management by device

thingsboard.io

Freeboard

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized on

IoT & web mashups

Data Sources: mainly JSON

Styling: formatted via UI

Features: online demo to try out, expandable via plugins

freeboard.github.io/freeboard/

Node Red Dashboard

versatile

cost-effective

explorative

configurable

via UI

specialized on

Node Red

Data Sources: ~ visualizes Node Red data

Styling: formatted via  Node Red UI nodes

Features: themes, interactive elements

flows.nodered.org/node/node-red-dashboard

TL;DL

Decision

Recommendation

?

User With Clear Question

10 Seconds

Rule

!

https://unsplash.com/photos/dyYP4nCi7_o

Yep, this can feel like being in here ...

https://unsplash.com/photos/PO7CGnoDFUI

but it's worth the effort! 

Thanks to the                 -Team

!?!

!?!

!?!

!?!

Discussion

Questions?

 

Recommendations?

 

Remarks?

Slides

Contact

slides.com/elisabethengel/iot-dashboards

Elisabeth Engel

Credits

interfacewerk GmbH

Matthias Groch

Anna Rieder

Sebastian Ullherr

  • Information Dashboard Design: The Effective Visual Communication of Data

  • https://dataschool.com/how-to-design-a-dashboard/

  • policyviz.com/helpmeviz

  • infoactive.co/data-design

  • datavizcatalogue.com

  • improving-visualizations.org

  • storytellingwithdata.com

  • blog.tr3dent.com/2016/03/21/top-10-data-visualization-experts-to-follow-on-twitter

  • lisacharlotterost.github.io/2016/04/22/Colors-for-DataVis

Sources & Interesting Links

IoT Dashboards - From Data Flow to Data-Driven Decisions

By Elisabeth Engel

IoT Dashboards - From Data Flow to Data-Driven Decisions

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