WebAuthn

New authentication

for the new web

Yuriy Ackermann

Sr. Certification Engineer @FIDOAlliance

twitter/github: @herrjemand

PASSWORD AUTHENTICATION

brief intro

Password authentication is like balancing rocks. Fail to secure one, and everything is compromised.

WebAuthn

User

API

Protocol

CTAP

Four layers of

User layer

API

API: Create PublicKeyCreditential


    var randomChallengeBuffer = new Uint8Array(32);
    window.crypto.getRandomValues(randomChallengeBuffer);
    
    var base64id = 'MIIBkzCCATigAwIBAjCCAZMwggE4oAMCAQIwggGTMII='
    var idBuffer = Uint8Array.from(window.atob(base64id), c=>c.charCodeAt(0))
    
    var publicKey = {
        challenge: randomChallengeBuffer,
    
        rp: { name: "FIDO Example Corporation" },
    
        user: {
            id: idBuffer,
            name: "alice@example.com",
            displayName: "Alice von Wunderland"
        },
    
        pubKeyCredParams: [
            { type: 'public-key', alg: -7  },  // ES256
            { type: 'public-key', alg: -257 }  // RS256
        ]
    }
    
    // Note: The following call will cause the authenticator to display UI.
    navigator.credentials.create({ publicKey })
        .then((newCredentialInfo) => {
            console.log('SUCCESS', newCredentialInfo)
        })
        .catch((error) => {
            console.log('FAIL', error)
        })

API: Create GetAssertion

 
   var options = {
        challenge: Uint8Array.from(window.atob("AsdeE22Sd/sSKnJIFjomA="), c=>c.charCodeAt(0)),
        timeout: 60000,
        allowList: [{ type: "public-key" }]
    };
    
    navigator.credentials.get({ "publicKey": options })
        .then((assertion) => {})
        .catch((err) => {})
    
    let encoder = new TextEncoder();
    let acceptableCredential1 = {
        type: "public-key",
        id: encoder.encode("550e8400-e29b-41d4-a716-446655440000")
    };
    
    let acceptableCredential2 = {
        type: "public-key",
        id: encoder.encode("1098237235409872")
    };
    
    let options = {
        challenge: Uint8Array.from(window.atob("B0soes+KsieDjesEm="), c=>c.charCodeAt(0)),
        timeout: 60000,
        allowList: [acceptableCredential1, acceptableCredential2];
        extensions: { "webauthn.txauth.simple": "Wave your hands in the air like you just don’t care" };
    };
    
    navigator.credentials.get({ "publicKey": options })
        .then((assertion) => {})
        .catch((err) => {})

Protocol

Challenge-Response

Phishing

Replay Attack

Registration-specific key-pairs

Attestation

Authentication vs Verification

Verification

Authentication

Can I have your ID?

Jup, that's good.

Authentication vs Verification

Password Authentication

Password-less Authentication

Test of User Presence (TUP)

User verification

User-Verification-Index

Your fingerprint

Your partners fingerprint

(UVI)

A5UCuKeCroUSPxcy

o3RPqEvThvtjoRE3

CTAP

CTAP2

  • Simple and lightweight hardware protocol
  • CBOR encoding(a la JSON ASN1)
  • Only two operational commands
    • authenticatorMakeCredential
    • authenticatorGetAssertion
  • Two meta commands
    • authenticatorGetInfo
    • authenticatorCancel
  • Successor of CTAP1(U2F) protocol

CTAP2 Message

         

           var userAccountInformation = {
                rpDisplayName: "ACME",
                displayName: "John P. Smith",
                name: "johnpsmith@example.com",
                id: "1098237235409872",
                imageUri: "https://pics.acme.com/00/p/aBjjjpqPb.png"
            };

CTAP2 Transports

Browser support

Review

Pros

  • Weak passwords and password reuse become less of an issue
  • Users don't need to trust relying party
  • Phishing is fundamentally not working with WebAuth
  • Relying party has no credentials to leak
  • Relying does not need to invent it's own authentication
  • Standard dictates best security authentication decisions, and not developers.

Cons

  • User hardware(minor issue due to smartphones)

Things to play

  • Specs: https://www.w3.org/TR/webauthn/
  • CTAP2: https://fidoalliance.org/specs/fido-v2.0-rd-20161004/fido-client-to-authenticator-protocol-v2.0-rd-20161004.html
  • http://slides.com/fidoalliance/jan-2018-fido-seminar-webauthn-tutorial#/
  • https://github.com/fido-alliance/webauthn-demo
  • https://webauthn.org/
  • https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Web_Authentication_API

Thank you!

WebAuthn Overview

By Ackermann Yuriy

WebAuthn Overview

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