- History of Architecture
- Ancient Architecture
- Islamic Architecture
The most important aspect of beauty was therefore an inherent part of an object, rather than something applied superficially; and was based on universal, recognisable truths.
A building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition.
It should be aesthetically pleasing.
It should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used.
According to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these attributes as well as possible. Leon Battista Alberti, who elaborates on the ideas of Vitruvius in his treatise, saw beauty as primarily as a matter of proportion, although ornament also played a part.
While the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be entirely subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of "function" in place of Vitruvius "utility".
Building became a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.
In many ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, architecture and urbanism reflected the constant engagement with the divine and the supernatural, and many ancient cultures resorted to monumentality in architecture to represent symbolically the political power of the ruler, the ruling elite or the state itself.
Around in the beginning of the 20th century, a general dissatisfaction with the emphasis on the revivalist architecture and elaborate decoration gave rise to many new lines of thought that served as precursors to Modern Architecture.
For Bianca G.
By Julie Christie