INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

THE HISTORY OF

ARCHIT

ECTURE

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

A QUICK

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

OVERVIEW

  • History of Architecture
  • Ancient Architecture
  • Islamic Architecture
  • Modernism
  • Postmodernism

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

THE HISTORIC

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

TREATISES

The most important aspect of beauty was therefore an inherent part of an object, rather than something applied superficially; and was based on universal, recognisable truths.

DURABILITY

A building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition.

 

BEAUTY

It should be aesthetically pleasing.

 

UTILITY

It should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

A BRIEF

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

HISTORY

According to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these attributes as well as possible. Leon Battista Alberti, who elaborates on the ideas of Vitruvius in his treatise, saw beauty as primarily as a matter of proportion, although ornament also played a part.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

THE MODERN CONCEPT OF

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

FUNCTION

While the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be entirely subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of "function" in place of Vitruvius "utility".

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

ORIGINS AND VERNACULAR

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTURE

Building became a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

ORIGINS AND VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

ANCIENT RUINS

In many ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, architecture and urbanism reflected the constant engagement with the divine and the supernatural, and many ancient cultures resorted to monumentality in architecture to represent symbolically the political power of the ruler, the ruling elite or the state itself.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

ORIGINS AND VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

MODERNISM

Around in the beginning of the 20th century, a general dissatisfaction with the emphasis on the revivalist architecture and elaborate decoration gave rise to many new lines of thought that served as precursors to Modern Architecture.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTURE AIMS AT ETERNITY.

CHRISTOPHER WREN

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

BERKSHIRE UNIVERSITY | COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

THANK YOU!

THE HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

For Bianca G.

By Julie Christie

For Bianca G.

For Bianca G.

  • 721
Loading comments...

More from Julie Christie