Handling
Async
State

with
React
Query

What is React Query?

Data-fetching library for React.

 

Makes fetching, caching, synchronizing and updating server state in a React application a breeze.

How can I know if I need React Query?

You might be handling async state wrong

This is because server state is totally different.

  • Is persisted remotely in a location you do not control or own
  • Requires asynchronous APIs for fetching and updating
  • Implies shared ownership and can be changed by other people without your knowledge
  • Can potentially become "out of date" in your applications if you're not careful

Caching

Deduping multiple requests

Updating stale data in the background

Knowing when data is "out of date"

Reflecting UI updates faster

+ Performance optimizations (lazy, pages...)

Server state memory and garbage collector

Memoizing query results

Less code to handle fetch and refetch

More maintainable code

Potentially helps saving bandwidth

Direct impact on end-users

Potentially decrease BE load

TypeScript

...

Scroll Restoration

Even more stuff!

React Query Devtools

What matter is all the possibilites and challenges we can now face.

This does not replace Redux or any form of handling client state

How does React Query does its magic?

React component

React component

React component

React component

projects

React component

React component

React component

React component

projects

query

query

query

query

read

create

update

delete

React component

React component

React component

React component

query

query

query

query

read

create

update

delete

projects

React component

React component

React component

React component

projects

query

query

query

query

read

create

update

delete

queryCache

what about under the hood?

// whenever we call useQuery('myQueryName', service.getData)
// React-Query does this under the hood
// (simplified)

getResolvedQueryConfig(config); // gets the query from the queryCache.

new QueryObserver() // new instance of their own Observer implementation.

// Subscribe to the observer
React.useEffect(() => {
  errorResetBoundary.clearReset()
  return observer.subscribe(() => {
    if (isMounted()) {
      rerender()
    }
  })
}, [isMounted, observer, rerender, errorResetBoundary])

// more stuff, like handling Suspense

const result = observer.getCurrentResult()
// Gives us an instance of QueryResult, a prop in the QueryObserver class
// which has the callbacks in case another query has been modified
// or set to "stale" to fetch the data again, and more stuff.

return result;

👩‍💻
Demo
time!

React Query

By Lucas Bernalte

React Query

Intro to React Query!

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