Digital Access Plan

Columbus Ave Corridor

Meeting II   1/14/2022

POST IN THE CHAT!

  • Name
  • Affiliation
  • ??

Agenda

Welcome and Meeting Goals

Review of Project Process

Report Back on Community Needs Assessment

Technology Evaluation Preview

Next Steps

Please post questions and comments in the chat!

BREAK OUT GROUP DISCUSSIONS

Meeting Goals

Prioritize key findings from the Community Needs Assessment.

Brainstorm actions that could address digital divide issues along Columbus Ave.

Preview technology assessment concepts that MAPC will investigate further.

Phases of Work

  • Evaluation of Current Internet Providers and Levels of Service
  • Analysis of Community Access to Device and Internet

Phase 1A: Existing Conditions (July - August)

Phase 1B: Community Needs Assessment (August - December)

  • Identification of Population Specific Challenges and Needs via Survey
  • Focus Group(s) and Key Stakeholder Interviews with Community Members
  • Review of Existing Infrastructure and Assets Along Columbus Ave

  • Assessment of Potential Technology Interventions and Programs

Phase 2: Infrastructure and Technology Evaluation (January - March)

  • Development of an Operational Framework that Urban Edge  can use to Implement a Tech Solution, PLUS Programs for Skills Development and Community Ownership

Phase 3: Digital Operation Framework (April - May)

Help us see information from the community perspective

Provide feedback and response to proposed strategies

Assist in connecting with community members

Own this product

Advisory Committee Role

Community Needs Assessment--Urban Edge

Survey Data Review

Who Responded to the Survey?

Total Surveys Conducted

Target Survey Goal

Black / African American

200

265

Area Population

Race/Ethnicity

35%

Survey Results

35%

Black / African American

Seniors

Area PopulationAge

Surveys

19%

12%

Seniors

Hispanic or Latino

Hispanic or Latino

40%

56%

According to Census data, 27 to 39% of “Columbus Ave Corridor” households do not have access to the internet.

What was learned from the Survey? 

~27% 

Of residents do not currently currently have an internet subscription.

that number is just 7% when we look at all US households 

According to this Census data, 19% of “Columbus Ave Corridor” population are seniors.

What was learned from the Survey? 

of seniors do not have an internet subscription in their home.

 

~54% 

Affordability is often cited as a primary reason for the lack of an internet connection.

Is it Affordable?

~63%

of survey respondents without an internet subscriptions cite the reason as "too expensive"

 

52% of respondents have an annual household income of less than $25,000

Among non-broadband users, 45% say a reason why they do not have broadband at home is that the monthly cost is too expensive (Pew Researh Center)

Affordability is often cited as a primary reason for the lack of an internet connection.

Took action because of the large expense

~61%

of survey respondents have had to cancel or change their internet subscription because it is too expensive​

Among non-broadband users, 45% say a reason why they do not have broadband at home is that the monthly cost is too expensive (Pew Researh Center)

Is it Reliable?

of survey respondents have had to leave their home to use the internet at another location because their home service was unreliable

"Internet fee went up. It's too high while not being reliable."

For upload speed measured since 2017 in zip code 02119, 45% of the time the speed was under the threshold for broadband

~35%

Household Size and Reliability

Price declines and quality increases are associated with the entry of a third broadband competitor (Benton Institute)

The majority of respondents were Comcast customers

"Comcast es muy caro y además tiene un monopolio con el servicio de cable e internet"

--

"Comcast is very expensive and also has a monopoly on cable and internet service"

What about subsidy programs that provide free discounted internet connections?

Survey found that: 

Providers are federally mandated to offer low-income eligible service plans. Comcast calls their plan Xfinity Internet Essentials. 

It offers basic internet service for $10 / Month to income-eligible households (SNAP, Free or Reduced Lunch, etc)

 

~52%

of all respondents are Xfinity Internet Essentials Subscribers

What about subsidy programs?

Can you find out if academy homes 1 will provide internet again and if we can bring RCN because Comcast rips off customers and I'm disabled can you find internet services for home free or low for the month. Thanks in advance

Only 1,043 households

have taken advantage of EBB since November 1, 2021 in zip code 02119

In addition to provider programs, there is currently The Emergency Broadband Benefit program (EBB) will subsidize $50 for all service plans

 

There are 11,048 total households in zip code 02119 (US Census) .

Affordability is not the only barrier to adoption. 

What was learned from the Survey? 

~15%

 of those without an Internet subscription say they don't know how to subscribe

Comfortable Using Technology

~82%

of survey respondents agree with "I feel confident in my ability to use a computer/laptop/Chromebook".

100% of survey respondents under the age of 24 agree with "I feel confident in my ability to use a computer/laptop/Chromebook"

~57%

of survey respondents agree with "I feel confident that I am able to resolve issues related to my internet connection"

"If training was available I would like to learn more about technology"

Less Comfortable Ensuring Functioning Equipment

Devices

38%

of respondents disagree with "People in my household always have access to a computer if needed"

Device Access

According to Census data, 20 to 27% of "Columbus Ave Corridor" households do not have a computer. 

45%

of survey respondents have had to buy a new computer in the last 3 years

Devices

New device needed

Why did you purchase a new or used computer in the last 3 years?

 

"Porque  no tenia una y mis hijo lo necesitaban cuando  empezo la pandemic para sus classes en escuela por lo general nosotros tenemes celulares pero no se podian utilisar para las clases en lineas"

--

"Because I didn't have one and my children needed it when the pandemic started for their classes in school usually we had cell phones but they could not be used for online classes"

71%

of respondents cite that more than one person in their household needs to use the internet "Always" or "Frequently"

Devices

For 1-2 people, internet should be at least 25-50 Mbps. 

 

For 3-4 people, internet should be at least 50-100 Mbps.

 

For 5+ people, internet should be at least 200-500 Mbps.

Device Use

Three Determining Factors of Digital Access

Devices

Connection

Adequate Device

Literacy

Fast​

Affordable​

Router​

Personal Computer /Laptop

Use of Technology​

Ensuring functioning equipment​

Evaluating quality of information and privacy risks​

Why this area?

Even when compare to Boston as whole on Internet Access (include home computer, smartphone)

National Red Spot NTIA on Indicators of Broadband Need

Who Responded to the Survey?

46% of respondents are over the age of 46

40% of respondents are Spanish speakers

95% of respondents rent their home, 74% rent from Urban Edge

64% of respondents have lived at their current address for 5 years or more

42% of respondents have 0 children living in their home

56% of respondents identify as Hispanic or Latino

35% of respondents identify as Black or African American

52% of respondents are Xfinity Internet Essentials Subscribers

52% of respondents have an annual household income of less than $25,000

According to this Census data 39% of “Columbus Ave Corridor” households do not have access to the internet.

Connection

27% of survey respondents do not currently have an internet subscription.

 

 

add UE???

Who is connected?

50%
of survey respondents do not believe their internet service is affordable.

 

63%
of survey respondents without an internet subscriptions cite the reason as "too expensive"

 

61%
of survey respondents have had to cancel or change their internet subscription because it is too expensive​

Is it Affordable?

Connection

Is it Reliable?

35%
of survey respondents have had to leave their home to use the internet at another location because their home service was unreliable

 

Devices

38% of survey respondents disagree with "People in my household always have access to a computer if needed". 

Devices

According to this Census data 27.1% of “Columbus Ave Corridor” households do not have a computer.

 

Why did you purchase a new or used computer in the last 3 years?

 

"Porque  no tenia una y mis hijo lo necesitaban cuando  empezo la pandemic para sus classes en escuela por lo general nosotros tenemes celulares pero no se podian utilisar para las clases en lineas"

--

"Because I didn't have one and my children needed it when the pandemic started for their classes in school usually we had cell phones but they could not be used for online classes"

Digital Literacy 

Using Technology

~82%
of survey respondents agree with "I feel confident in my ability to use a computer/laptop/Chromebook

~57%
of survey respondents agree with "I feel confident that I am able to resolve issues related to my internet connection"

Ensuring Functioning Equipment

"If training was available I would like to learn more about technology"

The survey found that older Black respondents were less likely to have an internet connection.

Community Needs Assessment--Urban Edge

Thematic Findings

Household size further complicates things--

Households by size in Urban Edge Study Area

For 1-2 people, internet should be at least 25-50 Mbps

 

$10-$30 per month

For 3-4 people, internet should be at least 50-100 Mbps

 

$35-$50 per month

For 5+ people, internet should be at least 200-500 Mbps

 

$50-$70 per month

Source:  US Census ACS 2019 5 Year, AllConnect

Household size further complicates things--

Internet Subsidies

Comcast Internet Essentials Plan offers basic internet service for $10 / Month to income eligible households (SNAP, Free or Reduced Lunch, etc)

 

The Emergency Broadband Benefit program will subsidize $50 for all service plans

 

Only 1,043
households have taken advantage of EBB since November 1, 2021 in zip code 02119

Competition-- chart

"Can you find out if academy homes 1 will provide internet again and if we can bring RCN because Comcast rips off customers and I'm disabled can you find internet services for home free or low for the month. Thanks in advance"

 

 

 

 

 

"Comcast es muy caro y además tiene un monopolio con el servicio de cable e internet"

--

"Comcast is very expensive and also has a monopoly on cable and internet service"

 

 

 

 

 

The majority of survey respondents were over  the age of 36. Black respondents were older, with 10% more of Black respondents falling into the category of ages 46-64 than Latinx respondents

Age

Adoption

73% of Black or African American respondents have an internet subscription. 81% of Hispanic or Latino residents have an internet subscription.

 

54% of seniors do not have an internet subscription in their home. 

 

72% of English speaking respondents have an internet subscription in their home. 86% of Spanish speaking respondents have an internet subscription in their home. 

23% of Black or African American respondents would like to learn more about basic computer skills (when asked which skills they are most interested in). 15% of Hispanic or Latino respondents would like to learn more about basic computer skills (when asked which skills they are most interested in)

Literacy 

Affordability

27% of Black or African American respondents agree that their internet is affordable. 48% of Hispanic or Latino respondents agree that their internet is affordable.

 

29% of English speaking respondents agree that their internet is affordable. 48% of Spanish speaking respondents agree that their internet is affordable. 

Community Needs Assessment--Urban Edge

Stakeholder Interviews

Focus Groups

Individual Conversations

Process

Sample Questions:

Warren Williams, E.D, Three Squares Main Streets

Sandra Waldon, Dimmock Health Center

Mike Lynch, City of Boston, Director of Broadband and Cable

Salvatore Pina, Roxbury Community College (RCC), Director of Workforce Development

Amy Nishman, Jewish Vocational Services (JVS), Senior Vice President of Strategy

Nessie Ruiz, Tech Goes Home

Milton Erving and Allessandra Brown, Timothy Smith Network

Scott Hagerty, InSource

Denise Delgado, Egleston Square Main Streets (email correspondence)

Urban Edge residents and community leaders

 

 

Urban Edge Staff

 

 

Affordable Housing Groups, JPNDC, TNB, MACDC, Winn Companies

What barriers do you see for your neighbors in getting online?

 

What opportunities might be created if there was improved ability to get online?

 

How are you thinking about the Digital Divide, and how it fits into your mission and programming?

 

Please identify the network of partners in the area, and the physical, operational and organizational assets they might bring to the project.  

Commonly identified needs

Digital Equity Needs

Connection, literacy and devices must work together. Even with the existence of an internet connection, residents need support in strengthening literacy skills and accessing devices.  Language barriers limit the effectiveness of digital equity efforts.

Stakeholders highlighted the need for internet access in order to allow community members to attend school, conduct work, search for jobs, access government assistance, and connect with friends and family. The need is even greater amongst the marginalized communities stakeholders serve.

There are a limited number of existing digital access programs (mostly run by TGH), and a strong desire was expressed for these programs, either by residents or by organizations who believe increased digital literacy will improve their own services. Stakeholders highlighted the digital literacy needs of seniors, career (re)training, business owners and ESL learners.

Businesses should better take advantage of online tools and be "document ready"

Devices

Consistent Themes

Stakeholder Insights

Many of the stakeholders are open to partnership and collaboration between organizations, and a desire to increase their work in helping to close the digital divide. 

Stakeholder organizations identified the incoming state and federal aid as a resource for this work, but are unsure of how to proceed. Collaboration within groups and with the City of Boston is likely necessary in order to qualify for these funds. 

Existing Programs

Stakeholder Insights

Tech Goes Home has created a fee for service program where they used to not charge partners. Urban Edge is piloting a program for youth and seniors with Tech Goes Home, and JVS has a partnership with them as well. 

InSource is Urban Edge's IT consultant. In addition to Urban Edge offices, InSource manages the in-building network (wiring installed during its renovation) at Walnut Park and soon to be completed Holtzer park. Currently these netowrks offer minimal bandwidth to users but that can be easily increased. 

Three Squares is working with JPNDC to aid businesses to become document ready. Work between Three Squares and RCC and BFIT is ongoing. 

RCC has a Timothy Smith Network Space (computer lab) 

Opportunities

Stakeholder Insights

At the Mildred Hailey site with JPNDC and UE, they want to add a business center and bring Wi-Fi to the community center during the renovation, setting a new benchmark for connectivity with the Mildred Hailey redevelopment

Free internet in public parks

Internet in unit

Working with Amazon for funding in Roxbury where they have a large giving budget

Dimmock HR program could focus on more digital offering

Digital Literacy for Latinos

Tech Goes Home considering becoming an ISP

(Affordable Housing) If you have significant reserves and you can talk to the lender about it to authorize it, you may be able to use the reserves, and solve for the operating expense. All properties have operating reserves, required by lenders in the state. Each has different requirements. It is an eligible use for the operation of the building (from the reserves), but installation is a grey area, as it is not exactly a replacement, but that is often up to the funder that holds the replacement reserve. 

One org is a funnel to programs feeding to one org doing digital literacy feeding to one org doing career training

A public free network may be able to be supported by the City of Boston

Asset Mapping

Infrastructure Digital Literacy Workforce Dev Community Ties Device access
Urban Edge X X X
JVS X X X
City of Boston X
Tree of Life X
JPNDC X X X
TNB X
Winn X
InSource
RCC X X X X
Timothy Smith X X X X X
Three Squares Main Streets X X
Egleston Square Main Streets X X
Dimmock X X
Tech Goes Home X X

Community Needs Assessment--Urban Edge

Key Findings

Key Findings

The Community Needs Assessment identified 4 Areas of Focus:​​​

  • Infrastructure
  • Devices
  • Targeted Approaches
  • How we talk about the Internet

Key Findings-Infrastructure

  • 54% of seniors do not have an Internet subscription in their home.
  • 77% of Internet users are Comcast customers
    • 52% are Xfinity Internet Essentials
  • 35% of survey respondents have had to leave their home to use the Internet at another location because their home service was unreliable
  • Majority of stakeholders interviewed manage broadband  infrastructure components-buildings, community spaces, computer labs

Comcast is the ISP for the large majority of residents, despite issues of quality. Outreach to seniors and low income residents for Internet Essentials is lacking, as are affordable alternatives.

Key Findings-Devices

  • 38% of survey respondents disagree with "People in my household always have access to a computer if needed."
  • 51% attended or work or school remote
  • Lack of public computer labs

Like all of us, many Columbus Corridor residents attended school or work remotely in 2021. Many reported not having enough computers, and options for device purchase or borrowing are minimal. 

Key Findings-Targeted Approaches

  • Stakeholders highlighted the digital literacy needs of seniors, career (re)training, business owners and ESL learners.
  • ~45% of seniors disagree with the statement "I feel confident in my ability to use a computer/laptop/Chromebook" (number increases to ~70% of those uncomfortable with their ability to fix Internet issues)
  • 30% of Haitian Creole speakers (and ~20% of Spanish speakers disagree with the statement "I feel confident in my ability to use a computer/laptop/Chromebook"
  • 59% agree with the statement "If training were available, I would be interested in a career in the Technology or IT Field"
    • 100% of respondents ages 19-24 agree with the statement "If training were available, I would be interested in a career in the Technology or IT Field

When results are broken down by age/race, distinctive needs and interests are revealed. Stakeholders echoed that need for specific types of training. 

Key Findings-How we talk about the Internet

  • Many more households qualify for EBB/ACP than are registered
  • %__of Infinity Internet Essentials customers report spending +$100 per month on Internet subscription
  • 57% feel confident in resolving issues related to Internet connection vs 82% confident in resolving computer/laptop/Chromebook issues
  • 15% of those without Internet access in the home answered "Dont know how to subscribe" as their reason

Discrepancies in data demonstrate a lack of clarity on ISP offerings, broadband service, and program offerings

Connection 

Need

Solutions

Half of seniors do not have an Internet subscription in their home.

Little competition among ISP's and a lack of awareness of Internet subsidy programs limits broadband adoption.

There is a need to promote the availability of internet subsidies and Lifeline programs from all providers in the area – Comcast, Starry, Verizon.

  • Promote discount programs of providers
  • Promote consumer ISP options
  • Install in-building wiring  for aggregated demand and service
  • Explore community or affordable housing broadband network options

Healthcare Providers

BNN Media

CDC's

Connection 

Need

Solutions

Families struggle with quality issues with broadband service.

Our survey shows the Hispanic/LatinX community is more likely to have an internet subscription, but may struggle with quality of service due to increased device usage and bandwidth needs.

Larger households require better internet speeds at affordable prices.

  • Install in-building wiring  for aggregated demand and service
  • Explore community or affordable housing broadband network options
  • Increase competition to improve service

CDC's

City of Boston

IT Vendor

Devices 

Devices

Need

Solutions

38% of survey respondents disagree with the statement "People in my household always have access to a computer if needed."

  • Tech Goes Home training for families
  • More open access computer labs, with support
  • Promote discounted device purchase and lending options

 

CDC's and Nonprofits

Timothy Smith

Schools

Libraries

Families, with demands of remote work and school, require more devices.

Digital Literacy 

Need

Solutions

Almost half of seniors reported a lack of confidence in their ability to use a computer.

 

30% of Haitian Creole speakers also expressed discomfort with computers.

  • Targeted approaches to basic digital literacy training

CDC's

Nonprofits/TGH

Healthcare providers

Older adults require digital literacy training, in their home language.

Digital Literacy 

Need

Solutions

Youth and young adult residents require programming to support their education and career aspirations.

 

100% of respondents ages 19-24 agreed with the statement, "If training were available I would be interested in an IT career."

  • Programs such as Digital Stewards and others where community members design and digital equity efforts

Timothy Smith

RCC

JVS

Three Squares

Leverage young people’s interest in technology to support careers and potential infrastructure in the corridor

Urban Edge Stakeholder Meeting DRAFT WORKSPACE

By MAPC

Urban Edge Stakeholder Meeting DRAFT WORKSPACE

  • 90