A ridiculous intersection of assorted pretensions; a UX and mobile web geek. All the while seeking a vocation and planning on world domination one programming language at a time.
Service Design in Heritage
My name is Florence Okoye and I am a UX and Service designer.
I've worked in a range of sectors from utilities, to the charitable sector and now in Museums!
My passion is for opening access to STEAM and heritage through collaborative design methods.
What is service design?
...and why might it help?
An "official" description
The activity of planning and organizing people, infrastructure, communication and material components of a service in order to improve its quality and the interaction between service provider and customers. The purpose of service design methodologies is to design according to the needs of customers or participants, so that the service is user-friendly, competitive and relevant to the customers.
--Service Design Network
Collaborative approaches are key to ensure all the different interacting people, departments and processes work together.
ok, and... ethics?
One of the biggest issues with 'ethics' is complexity. It's hard stuff*!
*which is why we still have to debate what it even means to be ethical with every new challenge
Who does this hurt?
We need this now!
But we need their money
This seems a bit extra
This project will put us on the map!
No one actually wants to hurt anybody
We're good people
It won't be that much of a problem?
a collaborative, deconstructive approach can at least help identify problematics in the system
1. Check in
Understanding requirements is important!
The more information to know up front, the better to frame the project
Don't overthink the detail
Make use of the environment//context
Taking our individuality into consideration
Iterate and build on what works
Question assumptions about how one interprets the brief
Find work arounds to achieve the goal
How to start
When you're beginning a session with people from lots of different departments, start by clarifying what you hope to achieve with the meeting.
Reiterate why they are all there.
How to start
Ice breakers don't have to be annoying or 'cute'. Their purpose is to remind everyone of our shared humanity, even if we've had difficult discussions/entanglements outside that space!
One tip is not to call it an 'icebreaker'! Just do it.
"How is everyone feeling? I'll start: I'm feeling a bit tired to be honest..."
"Anyone learned a cool fact today? I'll start..."
We've all done 'mind mapping'? With an interdisciplinary group, it's important to have an extra something to help people focus and to generate actionable ideas rather than lots of conversation points
Be considerate of different personality types! For each activity, use a mix of individual and group thinking. Introverts can have time to think by themselves and not get exhausted by having to speak up over people all the time!
Methods I've found useful
Round world cafe
This helps mitigate bias as different groups/people get to look at the problem space.
- Split people into groups
- Each group assigns a scribe to note the conversation points
- Each group has a limited amount of time to generate lots of thoughts or questions on the topic you want to ideate on
- After the time is up, everyone except for the scribe moves to the next station.
- The scribe described what the prior discussion was to the new group. Steps 2-4 are repeated.
Methods I've found useful
3. What's the problem?
One helpful technique...
Focus on a problem
It's a bit of a cliche, but focussing your thoughts by formulating in a 'How might we...?' structure is helpful for several reasons:
- It helps the team focus. You all understand what is the main issue you're trying to solve, and what is secondary.
- It helps create test criteria that will help you know if you've been successful or not
*Secondary does not mean less important, but what your team is less likely to be able to solve! 'Secondary' questions are great opportunities to alert other teams/departments/people that there's a potential opportunity for them to help out with.
The Disney method helps bring in practical details to the 'How might we...?' question. It should help you end at a sentence structured like so:
"How might we [do...] [for...] [in spite of...]...?"
How might we...?
4. Dealing with data
The goal of this session is to share ways of generating and synthesising research
What data exists?
Good questions to always start with...
Where are the gaps?
What are our values? What do we want to achieve?
Who is involved in the system?
Who are the different user groups?
Now it's up to you...
Choose a 'How might we question'
What do we actually want to achieve? What are our core values?
Who is involved in the system?
- Who has responsibility and who provides support? If it helps, ask yourselves who will be the most annoyed or most put at risk if something in the organisation changed!
Who are the users?
What data currently exists? What things do we not know the answer to? Where are the gaps?
Think about what you will need to know to make something that will address the challenge
Remember the empathy map!
5. Creating a service map
What you'll be making is a mix of a customer journey map and a service design blueprint. First, the customer journey...
A customer journey map is to show how a person will meet the service you want to provide, what their experience of it is and what they will do afterwards
A service blueprint looks at all the different layers of the organisation which will create and provide the experience for the person.
|Front of house
Customer touchpoint are what connect the person's experience and the services provided by the institution
Front of house
Create a storyboard for the person
The top row is what they do
What did they have issues with? What were the secondary goals along the way?
The next row is all the things they encounter through their journey
These could be the touchpoints that help them achieve an interim goal or just services/interfaces they encounter
The underlying rows represent the areas of the organisation that have responsibility for those touchpoints.
Any important information, such as notable pain points, or underlying processes can be added but preferably if they're particularly impactful for the person's experience be careful - too much detail can make it very confusing!
A similar process can be done to create an ethical framework
Listing values horizontally across a page and then listing actors in the system vertically down, one can add questions, challenges or actions (depending where one is in the process) at the intersecting points.
A prototype has to be something that you can learn from - it needs to be falsifiable
It can be helpful to ask yourself "If a person used this thing, they would be able to do... [what?]" in order to create useful prototypes.
Set the scene to the tester
Give them the prototype to interact with
Keep questions open e.g. "What would you do next?" "What do you think?" "Could you give me an example of...?"
Ask why! It's an easy way to politely dig into deeper reasoning without being too leading.
8. Check out
Design Ops - https://www.designbetter.co/designops-handbook
Measuring u - https://measuringu.com/
Mapping Services - http://shop.oreilly.com/product/0636920038870.do
Global Service Jam - http://globaljams.org/
GDS - https://gds.blog.gov.uk/
Sustainable UX- https://sustainableux.com/
Future Ethics - https://www.future-ethics.com/
User experience team of one - https://rosenfeldmedia.com/books/the-user-experience-team-of-one/
Bookboon - https://bookboon.com/
High Resolution - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzBkNPSxw15qrW_Y8p-oCUw
Design dice - https://www.designdice.co.uk/
Tarot cards of tech - http://tarotcardsoftech.artefactgroup.com/
V&A digital - https://www.vam.ac.uk/blog/digital
Thank you for joining!
@FINOkoye on twitter
(website in progress)
Service Design for Heritage workshop